I Fo U 2009

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2flux , some statements on THE NEW URBAN QUESTION, beyond Neo Liberalism

Who designs cities?

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I Fo U 2009

  1. 1. 1<br />The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)<br />2009 Amsterdam/Delft<br />The New Urban Question – Urbanism beyond Neo-Liberalism<br />ECONOMIC CHANGES and the NEED for DESIGN STRATEGIES forMORE SUSTAINABLEURBAN PROJECTS: VALUES OF PUBLIC LIFE,SPACE and SHARED DESIRE.<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)<br />2009 Amsterdam/Delft<br />The New Urban Question – Urbanism beyond Neo-Liberalism<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />TU-Delft urbanism<br />²FLUX<br />sustainable urban project development<br /> e: germainesanders@planet.nl<br /> e: robinhouterman@hotmail.com<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  3. 3. 3<br />The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)<br />2009 Amsterdam/Delft<br />The New Urban Question – Urbanism beyond Neo-Liberalism<br />WHO DESIGNS CITIES?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />DESIGNERS<br />CO-PRODUCTION<br />AMBITIONLAW & RULES<br />IMAGE &IDENTITY<br />CITIZEN<br />COMMISIONERS/ INVESTORS<br />POLITICIANS/ GOVERNORS<br />PROJECTSVALUE € & <br />GOVERNANCE<br />KNOWLEDGE<br />RESEARCHERS<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  5. 5. 5<br />In new scenarios created by complex interactions between stakeholders, public space is the result of complex negotiations that need to be managed using tools such as:<br />a. Concept plans and formulas for urban area.<br />b. System designs for sustainability.<br />c. Strategic Master plans and definition of Strategic Projects<br />d. Prototypes of building/ program concepts<br />And so on..<br />It is common sense that all parties need each other to realise sustainable urban space for sustainable urban life of people together. <br />This ambition is an exciting one meanwhile a never-ending story, the ever ongoing story of the shared desire that is the vital power for successful sustainability.<br />The new urban questionof how to organise people’s freedom to participate in the planning and designing of New Urban Forms <br />while realizing projects together without having to share everything?<br />How will this still be relevant for further practical experiment as well as for theoretical study?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  6. 6. 6<br />The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)<br />2009 Amsterdam/Delft<br />The New Urban Question – Urbanism beyond Neo-Liberalism<br />In case of Colour quarter public value of public space is at stake. We needed strategies to make the<br />border between public and private more flexible, to facilitate collective space for collective program. These<br />strategies are often based on the creative interpretation of value development of both private real estate and<br />of public space surrounding private buildings.<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />KLEURENBUURT/ colour neighbourhood<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  8. 8. 8<br />Kleurenbuurt: remarkable green and infrastructure<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />Kleurenbuurt: remarkable green and infrastructure<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  10. 10. 10<br />communicatie<br />Ask the people what they value!<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  11. 11. 11<br />Home visit conversations <br />Feed-back for presentations and plans <br />Residents made their own neighbourhoodplan of shared desire<br />Shared power! <br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  12. 12. 12<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Spatial qualities and connection<br />GREEN AND WATER<br />GREEN AND WATER<br />NEIGHBOURHOODS<br />SYNERGY AND CONTEXT<br />SYNERGY AND CONTEXT<br />Groen en water<br />CITY<br />GREEN AND WATER<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  14. 14. 14<br />SMART PUBLIC LIFE..<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />to wonder..<br />watching<br />to dwell<br />Walking the dog<br />Coming home!<br />working<br />leaving!<br />to live<br />to take care<br />PLAYING<br />sporting<br />to live<br />Daily shopping<br />to play<br />viewing<br />Walking the dog<br />living<br />to dwell<br />Coming home!<br />To go out!/ into town..<br />watching<br />growing<br />Walking the dog<br />valued PUBLIC LIFE..<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  16. 16. 16<br />SOCIAL HOUSING IN CONTEXT<br />Bezit en participatie in ontwikkelingsprojecten omgeving Kleurenbuurt<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />TRANSFORMATION AREA Kleurenbuurt: circa 14,4 ha. (excl main traffic infrastructure) <br />G: 2,7 ha<br />F: 2,0 ha<br />D: 1,7 ha<br />E: 2,6 ha<br />B: 1,5 ha<br />C: 2,3 ha<br />A: 1,6 ha<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  18. 18. 18<br />Meanwhile in the newspaper..<br />Our society objectiveshouldbehapiness<br />abovedynamicefficiency..Lord Richard Layard/ Economy of Hapiness<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  19. 19. 19<br />t en de overheid<br />‘civil society’ versus commercial public domain:<br />Attentionfortraditionsand value of qualities of the civil society<br />Public Privatcollaboration:<br />Becauseof community, personalresponsibility,friendshipand love.<br />drijven de les: creativiteit loont<br />A city must reinventitself<br />again and again<br />Instead of defendingitscompetitiveposition.<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />Who will it serve?<br />SUN CITY<br />WIDE comfortable living, forpeoplefocusedontogetherness and safety<br />SECRET CITY<br />HIDDEN.. Basedonmonumentality and magic, forpeople in culturalcollectivity<br />DREAM VALLEY<br />LUCID.. Spetacular and adventurous living, forsocialpeoplethat are longingfor nature<br />FOOD CITY<br />OPEN.. Focusedonsensuality and food, living forlife-lovers<br />SPEED CITY<br />TRANSPARANT.. Fast and shiny living, focusedonconsumptionfetesjism<br />GLOBAL CITY<br />SOLID.. Flexible and transformable living, for free and independantpeople<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />SUN CITY<br />PENSIONADO TOWN IN A DESERT<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  22. 22. 22<br /> AND THIS IS SUN CITYTOURIST TOWN IN AFRICA<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  23. 23. 23<br />IS THIS SUN CITY ?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  24. 24. 24<br />SECRET CITY?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />IMPULSEN kristal MC2- Xander van Beers, Germaine Sanders- JULI 2005<br />
  25. 25. 25<br />WAT WORDT HET ?<br />DREAM VALLEY?<br />DE ZONNESTAD (SUNCITY)<br />WIJDS…gericht op comfortabel wonen, voor mensen in saamhorigheid en veiligheid<br />DE GEHEIME STAD (SECRETCITY)<br />BESLOTEN…gericht op bijzonder, magisch wonen, voor stadsmensen in culturele verbondenheid<br />DROOMVLUCHT (DREAMVALLEY)<br /> IJL… gericht op monumentaliteit en magie, wonen voor sociale mensen gericht op beleving <br />LUILEKKERLAND (FOODCITY)<br /> OPEN….gericht op sensualiteit en eten, wonen voor levensgenieters <br />TOPSNELHEID(SPEEDCITY)<br /> TRANSPARANT… gericht op glans en snelheid, wonen voor consumptie fetisjisten<br />WERELDSTAD(GLOBALCITY)<br /> SOLIDE… gericht op veranderlijkheid, wonen voor vrije onafhankelijke mensen <br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  26. 26. 26<br />SPEED CITY ?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  27. 27. 27<br />FOOD CITY?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />IMPULSEN kristal MC2- Xander van Beers, Germaine Sanders- JULI 2005<br />
  28. 28. 28<br />GLOBAL CITY ?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  29. 29. 29<br />Design forvalue of public life<br />Freedom!<br />shared desire<br />New UrbanForm is aboutmodifyingurban context to newsocialeconomical and culturalcircumstances.<br />€<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  30. 30. 30<br />statement<br />It is the actual need for more sustainable solutions of spatial problems that raises the ultimate new urban question.<br />And still, the need for more sustainable solutions of spatial problems<br />is primarily a fundamental social economical problem <br />to be reflected on by urban planners and designers <br />when (re)shaping cities and when calculating urban projects <br />for the metropolitan.<br />We notice that urban design culture is shifting <br />towards a culture of <br />designing for smart urban life, eventually..<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  31. 31. 31<br />MOULD<br />CONTRA-MOULD<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  32. 32. 32<br />Method to designSustainable urban projects<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  33. 33. 33<br />BUILDING/<br />gebouw<br />De ruimtelijke<br />technische – en<br />functionele <br />waarden van het<br />gebouw /<br />ruimtelijke <br />object. <br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  34. 34. 34<br />USER/ gebruiker<br />De waardering van eigenschappen van <br />het gebouw en van het gebied,<br />in aansluiting op de identiteit, beleving en kwaliteitsbehoefte <br />van de gebruikers<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  35. 35. 35<br />AREA/ gebied<br />De ruimtelijke- <br />en<br />economische<br />waarde<br />van het gebied<br />/ van de plek<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  36. 36. 36<br />COMMUNITY/<br />gemeenschap<br />De waardering van kwaliteiten van gebouwen en het gebied die <br />randvoorwaarden bieden voor een functionerende gemeenschap en sociale vitaliteit en emancipatie.<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  37. 37. 37<br />MISSION<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  38. 38. 38<br />EXPERTISE<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  39. 39. 39<br />THE PROCES<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  40. 40. 40<br />Design for value of urban space<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  41. 41. 41<br />statement<br />There is a task for planners and designers to develop <br />new design tools and methods as a need for effective design <br />in practices and processes of multi stakeholder alliances.<br />Urban design in general has been accepted as key to a better urban environment. However as we move on, urban design should evolve to create public space and design to accommodate urban living of<br />greater sustainability.<br />Urban design and building typology <br />must allow <br />definition of <br />space ownership and building ownership in much more flexible ways.<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  42. 42. 42<br />Design for value of shared desire<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  43. 43. 43<br />statement<br />Planners and designers are confronted by an increasing variety of stakeholders, individual people and organisations of people with shared desire. <br />Planners and designers need to analyse<br />what these stakeholders value <br />and<br />why they would be interested to participate in the local spatial agenda on<br />the search of Sustainable Urban Form.<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  44. 44. 44<br />directing<br />on<br />SHAREDDESIRE<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />
  45. 45. 45<br />The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)<br />2009 Amsterdam/Delft<br />The New Urban Question – Urbanism beyond Neo-Liberalism<br />New urban questions:<br />To match these economical strategies with programmes for design we need to investigate questions like: <br />☼who values and when?<br />or: <br />☼ how do we value sustainable projects?<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />Germaine Sanders & Robin Houterman<br />
  46. 46. 46<br />The 4th International Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism (IFoU)<br />2009 Amsterdam/Delft<br />The New Urban Question – Urbanism beyond Neo-Liberalism<br />THANK YOU !<br />e: germainesanders@planet.nl<br />e: robinhouterman@hotmail.com<br />©²FLUX<br />stad projectontwikkeling<br />

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