Cyber Crime


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Article written by Gerard Sylvester for SAMACHAR

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Cyber Crime

  1. 1. tech navigator Property related crimes are a few categories under which of cyber crimes are classified into. The Indian Information Technology Act (2000) is primarily meant to legislation to promote e-commerce and lacks the teeth to handle cyber crime effectively. To add to this, our law enforcement authorities are quite inept to handle this new type of crime and criminals. Some Cyber crimes that we frequently hear about are Unauthorised access to computer systems This broadly falls into the term hacking. Unauthorized use, or attempts to circumvent or bypass the security mechanisms of an information system or network is termed as hacking. Email Bombing Email bombing is characterized by abusers repeatedly sending an email message to a particular address at a specific victim site. T HE increased use of computers and the Internet has given raise to a new breed of criminals – Cybercriminals. Wikipedia defines Cybercrime as a term Most cases this is designed to chock bandwidth and to exhaust existing system resources so as to bring down the system used broadly to describe activity in which or the service that the system provides. This computers or networks are a tool, a target, may inturn lead to a denial-of-service attack. or a place of criminal activity. Email spamming is a variant of bombing; In 1820, Joseph-Marie Jacquard, a textile it refers to sending email to hundreds or manufacturer in France, produced the thousands of users (or to lists that expand By Gerard Sylvester loom. This device allowed the repetition to that many users). Email spamming can of a series of steps in the weaving of be made worse if recipients reply to the special fabrics. This resulted in a fear email, causing all the original addressees to amongst Jacquard’s employees that their receive the reply. traditional employment and livelihood were being threatened. They committed acts of VIRUS/Trojan horse/Worms sabotage to discourage Jacquard from A computer virus is a computer program further use of the new technology. This, that can copy itself and infect a computer they say, is the first recorded cyber crime! without permission or knowledge of the user. The original may modify the copies Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS), or the copies may modify themselves, as Email Bombing, VIRUS, Unauthorized occurs in a metamorphic virus. A virus can access, Cyber stalking, Email/Website only spread from one computer to another Spoofing, Pornography and Intellectual when its host is taken to the uninfected [turn on page 47] Gerard Sylvester can be reached at Page 40 SAMACHAR July-August 2007 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial ::
  2. 2. [from page 44] computer, for instance by a user will never manifest itself in the physical sending it over a network or carrying sense but this does not mean that the it on a removable medium such as a pursuit is any less distressing. There are floppy disk, CD, USB drive or by a wide variety of means by which the Internet. individuals may seek out and harass individuals even though they may not Data Diddling share the same geographic borders, and Data diddling involves changing data this may present a range of physical, prior or during input into a computer. emotional, and psychological In other words, infor mation is consequences to the victim. changed from the way it should be entered by a person typing in the Child Pornography data, a virus that changes data, the Child Pornography is a part of cyber programmer of the database or pornography but it is such a grave application, or anyone else involved offence that it is individually also in the process of having information recognized as a cyber crime. The stored in a computer file. The culprit Internet is being highly used by its can be anyone involved in the abusers to reach and abuse children process of creating, recording, sexually, worldwide. The Internet encoding, examining, checking, explosion has made the children a viable converting, or transmitting data. victim to the cyber crime. As more This is one of the simplest methods homes have access to Internet, more of committing a computer-related children would be using the Internet crime, because it requires almost no and more are the chances of falling computer skills whatsoever. Despite victim to the aggression of pedophiles. the ease of committing the crime, The pedophiles use their false identity the cost can be considerable. to trap children and even contact them in various chat rooms where they Salami Slicing befriend them and gain personal Salami slicing is the illegal practice information from the innocent preys. of stealing money repeatedly in They even start contacting children on extremely small quantities, usually by their e-mail addresses. These pedophiles taking advantage of rounding to the drag children to the net for the purpose nearest cent (or other monetary unit) of sexual assault or so as to use them in financial transactions. It would be as a sex object. done by always rounding down, and putting the fractions of a cent into Cyber Defamation another account. Salami slicing is Any derogatory statement, which is most often performed by employees designed to injure a person’s business of the corporation that handles those or reputation, constitutes cyber transactions, and, if not guarded defamation. Defamation can be against, it can be difficult to detect. accomplished as libel or slander. Cyber defamation occurs when defamation Cyber Stalking takes place with the help of computers Cyberstalking, which is simply an and / or the Internet. E.g. someone extension of the physical form of publishes defamatory matter about stalking, is where the electronic someone on a website or sends e-mails mediums such as the Internet are containing defamatory information to used to pursue, harass or contact all of that person’s friends.Be a safe another in an unsolicited fashion. Netizen! (a portmanteau of Internet Most often, given the vast distances and citizen). that the Internet spans, this behavior *** SAMACHAR July-August 2007 Page 43