P C M

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P C M

  1. 1. ,ntroduction to 3roject &ycle 0anagement ,PSURYLQJ 3URMHFW 4XDOLW
  2. 2. Why PCM? 3URMHFW VXFFHVV UDWH 5HDVRQV IRU IDLOXUH 3 XQFOHDU VWUDWHJLF IUDPHZRUN 3 SRRU DQDOVLV RI VLWXDWLRQ 3UREOHPDWLF 3 SURMHFWV QRW UHOHYDQW WR EHQHILFLDULHV 3 XQFOHDUXQUHDOLVWLF REMHFWLYHV 3 LQDGHTXDWH DWWHQWLRQ WR ULVNV VXVWDLQDELOLW IDFWRUV 6XFFHVVHV )DLOXUHV 3 LQDGHTXDWH DWWHQWLRQ WR OHVVRQV IURP SDVW H[SHULHQFH 3 SRRU PRQLWRULQJ
  3. 3. Basic PCM Characteristics 3 30 LV DQ DSSURDFK WR DLG PDQDJHPHQW 3 IROORZV WKH SKDVHV RI WKH SURMHFW FFOH 3 XVHV WKH /RJLFDO )UDPHZRUN $SSURDFK DV LWV FRUH GHVLJQ PDQDJHPHQW WRRO 3 HPSKDVLVHV EHQHILFLDU LQYROYHPHQW LQ GHFLVLRQPDNLQJ 3 EXLOGV VXVWDLQDELOLW LQWR SURMHFW GHVLJQ 3 XVHV D VWDQGDUGLVHG IRUPDW WR SUHVHQW WUDQVSDUHQW FRPSUHKHQVLYH GRFXPHQWV
  4. 4. The Project Cycle .H FKDUDFWHULVWLFV 3 EUHDNV GRZQ WKH OLIH RI D SURMHFW LQWR SKDVHV 3 GHILQHV NH GHFLVLRQV LQIRUPDWLRQ UHTXLUHPHQWV UHVSRQVLELOLWLHV DW HDFK SKDVH a 3 HDFK SKDVH PXVW EH FRPSOHWHG IRU WKH QH[W WR EH WDFNOHG ZLWK a VXFFHVV 3 GUDZV RQ HYDOXDWLRQ H[SHULHQFH IRU WKH GHVLJQ RI IXWXUH SURJUDPPHV SURMHFWV
  5. 5. ,QGLFDWLYH Major Documents 3URJUDPPH RXQWU 6WUDWHJ 3DSHU (YDOXDWLRQ 725 3UH 5HSRUWV 725 IHDVLELOLW VWXG :RUNSODQV a )HDVLELOLW 725 VWXG 0RQLWRULQJ UHSRUWV HJ a 'UDIW $QQXDO )LQDQFLQJ 5HSRUWV 3URSRVDO )LQDQFLQJ 3URSRVDO ,QWHUQDO RU H[WHUQDO )LQDQFLQJ PRQLWRULQJ $JUHHPHQW YLVLWV
  6. 6. The Project Cycle (1) 3+$6( .( $7,9,7,(6 352*5$00,1* !5HYLHZ RI VRFLRHFRQRPLF LQGLFDWRUV !5HYLHZ RI SDUWQHU FRXQWULHV DQG GRQRU SULRULWLHV !$JUHHPHQW RQ VHFWRUDO DQG a WKHPDWLF IRFXV IRU FRRSHUDWLRQ a ,'(17,),$7,21 !,QLWLDO IRUPXODWLRQ RI SURMHFW LGHD !6FUHHQLQJ RI SURMHFW LGHDV IRU IXUWKHU VWXGLHV SUHIHDVLELOLW
  7. 7. )2508/$7,21 !RQGXFW RI IHDVLELOLW VWXG !'HWDLOHG VSHFLILFDWLRQ RI SURMHFW LGHD !'HFLVLRQ RQ ZKHWKHU WR GUDZ XS ILQDQFLQJ SURSRVDO
  8. 8. The Project Cycle (2) 3+$6( .( $7,9,7,(6 ),1$1,1* !'UDIWLQJ DQG QHJRWLDWLQJ D )LQDQFLQJ 3URSRVDO !([DPLQDWLRQ E FRPSHWHQW )LQDQFLQJ RPPLWWHH !)LQDQFLQJ GHFLVLRQ DQG DJUHHPHQW a ,03/(0(17$7,21 !7HQGHULQJ DQG FRQWUDFW DZDUG a !0RELOLVDWLRQ DQG H[HFXWLRQ RI SURMHFW !0RQLWRULQJ (9$/8$7,21 !$QDOVLV RI SURMHFW HIIHFWV DQG LPSDFW !5HFRPPHQGDWLRQV RQ UHPHGLDO DFWLRQ RU JXLGDQFH IRU IXWXUH SURMHFWV
  9. 9. Life Major Documents $SSOLFDWLRQ ILOH /LIH 5H JXODWLRQ $VVHVVPHQW 725 3UH 5HSRUWV 725 IHDVLELOLW VWXG :RUNSODQV a )HDVLELOLW 725 VWXG 0RQLWRULQJ UHSRUWV HJ a 'UDIW $QQXDO )LQDQFLQJ 5HSRUWV 3URSRVDO RQWUDFO ,QWHUQDO RU H[WHUQDO PRQLWRULQJ YLVLWV
  10. 10. Stakeholder Involvement :RUNVKRS WR DQDOVH IUDPHZRUN FRQGLWLRQV DQG WR DJUHH RQ JHQHUDO IRFXV 5HIOHFWLRQ SODQQLQJ 3ODQQLQJ ZRUNVKRS WR ZRUNVKRS WR DQDOVH RXWFRPHV GLDJQRVH WDUJHW JURXS QHHGV a 3ODQQLQJ a 3ODQQLQJ ZRUNVKRSV WR ZRUNVKRS WR DJUHH ZRUNSODQ GHILQH SUHIHUUHG DVVHVV SURJUHVV VROXWLRQ
  11. 11. Success of a Project Good / careful Efficient project planning management Project addresses Competent and motiv- real poblems ated project team 6XFFHVV RI D SURMHFW Parties involved stick Organisational to their commitments capacity Others
  12. 12. Quality: Key Factors
  13. 13. 3ULQFLSOHV 45HOHYDQFH %HWWHU SURMHFWV 4)HDVLELOLW 6WUXFWXUHG PRUH VXVWDLQDEOH GHFLVLRQPDNLQJ EHQHILWV WR WDUJHW 46XVWDLQDELOLW JURXSV a
  14. 14. /)$ 7RROV a
  15. 15. RPSOHPHQWDU 7RROV
  16. 16. Quality Indicators 5HOHYDQFH UHODWHV WR ZKHWKHU WKH SURMHFW DGGUHVVHV WKH UHDO SUREOHPV RI WKH LQWHQGHG EHQHILFLDULHV )HDVLELOLW UHODWHV WR ZKHWKHU WKH SURMHFW REMHFWLYHV FDQ EH HIIHFWLYHO DFKLHYHG 6XVWDLQDELOLW UHODWHV WR ZKHWKHU SURMHFW EHQHILWV ZLOO FRQWLQXH WR IORZ DIWHU WKH SHULRG RI H[WHUQDO DVVLVWDQFH KDV HQGHG
  17. 17. The Logical Framework Approach KDUDFWHULVWLFV 6WHSV 3 VWDNHKROGHU LQYROYHPHQW 3 3UREOHP VWDNHKROGHU 3 VWUXFWXUHG SURFHVV DQDOVLV 3 QHHGVEDVHG DSSURDFK 3 2EMHFWLYH VHWWLQJ 3 IUDPHZRUN IRU DVVHVVLQJ 3 6WUDWHJ DQDOVLV UHOHYDQFH IHDVLELOLW 3 /RJIUDPH SUHSDUDWLRQ VXVWDLQDELOLW 3 $FWLYLW VFKHGXOH 3 5HVRXUFH VFKHGXOH
  18. 18. The Logframe 2EMHFWLYHO ,QWHUYHQWLRQ 9HULILDEOH 6RXUFHV RI $VVXPSWLRQV /RJLF ,QGLFDWRUV 9HULILFDWLRQ 2YHUDOO 2EMHFWLYHV 3URMHFW 3XUSRVH 5HVXOWV $FWLYLWLHV 0HDQV RVW :KDW QHHGV WR 3UHFRQGL EH IXOILOOHG WLRQV EHIRUH DFWLYLWLHV FDQ VWDUW
  19. 19. Logframe Approach $1$/6,6 3+$6( 3/$11,1* 3+$6( · 3UREOHP DQDOVLV LGHQWLILQJ · /RJIUDPH GHILQLQJ WKH SURMHFW SURMHFW ORJLF ,GHQWLI DQDOVH 'HILQH WKH VWDNHKROGHUV WKHLU NH SUREOHPV VWUXFWXUH WHVWLQJ LWV LQWHUQDO ORJLF FRQVWUDLQWV DQG RSSRUWXQLWLHV IRUPXODWLQJ REMHFWLYHV LQ GHWHUPLQLQJ FDXVH DQG HIIHFW PHDVXUDEOH WHUPV GHILQLQJ UHODWLRQVKLSV PHDQV DQG FRVW RYHUDOO
  20. 20. · $QDOVLV RI REMHFWLYHV · $FWLYLW VFKHGXOLQJ GHWHU 6HOHFW WKH PRVW 'HGXFW GHYHORSLQJ REMHFWLYHV IURP WKH PLQLQJ WKH VHTXHQFH DQG GHSHQ RSHUDWLRQDOLVLQJ 6SHFLILQJ DQG LGHQWLILHG SUREOHPV LGHQWLILQJ GHQF RI DFWLYLWLHV HVWLPDWLQJ PHDQV WR HQG UHODWLRQVKLSV WKHLU GXUDWLRQ VHWWLQJ PLOHVWRQHV · 6WUDWHJ DQDOVLV LGHQWLILQJ WKH DQG DVVLJQLQJ UHVSRQVLELOLW DSSURSULDWH GLIIHUHQW VWUDWHJLHV WR DFKLHYH · 5HVRXUFH VFKHGXOLQJ IURP WKH RSWLRQ REMHFWLYHV GHWHUPLQLQJ WKH PDMRU DFWLYLW VFKHGXOH GHYHORSLQJ REMHFWLYHV RYHUDOO REMHFWLYHV DQG LQSXW VFKHGXOHV DQG D EXGJHW SURMHFW SXUSRVH
  21. 21. Problem Analysis (VWDEOLVKLQJ FDXVHHIIHFW UHODWLRQV EHWZHHQ SUREOHPV )UHTXHQW VNLQ DQG $WWUDFWLYHQHVV IRU Effects RWKHU LQIHFWLRQV WRXULVWV LV UHGXFHG 5LYHU ZDWHU TXDOLW GHWHULRUDWLQJ 8QFRQWUROOHG +LJK ORDG RI GXPSLQJ RI ZDVWH ZDVWHZDWHU LQWR ULYHU GLVFKDUJH LQWR ULYHU 3ROOXWHUV DUH QRW 3RSXODWLRQ LV QRW :DVWHZDWHU LQILOWUDWLRQ :DVWHZDWHU FRQWUROOHG DZDUH RI WKH IURP KRXVHKROGV DQG WUHDWPHQW FDSDFLWLHV GDQJHU RI ZDVWH IDFWRULHV LQWR ULYHU LV KLJK DUH LQVXIILFLHQW GXPSLQJ Causes
  22. 22. Analysis of Objectives 7XUQLQJ WKH QHJDWLYH DVSHFWV LQWR IXWXUH GHVLUHG EXW UHDOLVWLF VLWXDWLRQV 5DWH RI VNLQ DQG RWKHU 7RXULVP GHFOLQH LV Ends LQIHFWLRQV UHGXFHG VWRSSHG 5LYHU ZDWHU TXDOLW LPSURYHG 8QFRQWUROOHG /RDG RI ZDVWHZDWHU GXPSLQJ RI ZDVWH GLVFKDUJH LQWR ULYHU LQWR ULYHU UHGXFHG UHGXFHG 5HJXODU ZDWHU $ZDUHQHVV RI :DVWHZDWHU LQILOWUDWLRQ :DWHU WUHDWPHQW SROOXWLRQ FRQWURO SRSXODWLRQ RQ IURP KRXVHKROGV DQG FDSDFLWLHV LQFUHDVHG PHDVXUHV ZDVWH GXPSLQJ IDFWRULHV LQWR ULYHU LV XQGHUWDNHQ LQFUHDVHG VWRSSHG Means
  23. 23. Strategy Analysis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
  24. 24. Intervention Logic and Assumptions ,QWHUYHQWLRQ 2EMHFWLYHO 6RXUFHV RI $VVXPSWLRQV /RJLF 9HULILDEOH 9HULILFDWLRQ ,QGLFDWRUV ‡5DWH RI VNLQ 2YHUDOO LQIHFWLRQV UHGXFHG ‡7RXULVP GHFOLQH LV 2EMHFWLYHV VWRSSHG /RDG RI ZDVWH 8QFRQWUROOHG 3URMHFW ZDWHU GLVFKDUJH GXPSLQJ RI ZDVWH 3XUSRVH LQWR ULYHU UHGXFHG LQWR ULYHU UHGXFHG :DVWHZDWHU :DWHU TXDOLW IURP 5HVXOWV WUHDWPHQW FDSD XSSHU ULYHU UHPDLQV FLWLHV LQFUHDVHG VWDEOH $FWLYLWLHV 5HKDELOLWDWH 0HDQV RVW 4XDOLILHG VWDII VHZHU QHWZRUN DYDLODEOH 5HKDELOLWDWH ::73 5HKDELOLWDWLRQ ,QVWDOO FRQWURO 3UHFRQGL SHUPLVVLRQ VVWHP WLRQV REWDLQHG
  25. 25. Levels of Objectives 7KH ORQJWHUP VRFLDO DQG HFRQRPLF VHFWRUDO RU 2YHUDOO QDWLRQDO SURJUDPPH REMHFWLYHV WR ZKLFK WKH SURMHFW REMHFWLYHV FRQWULEXWHV 3URMHFW 7KH SURMHFW¶V FHQWUDO REMHFWLYH LQ WHUPV RI WKH SXUSRVH VXVWDLQDEOH EHQHILWV WR EH GHOLYHUHG WR WKH SURMHFW EHQHILFLDULHV LQVWLWXWLRQ RU VVWHP ,W GHILQHV WKH SURMHFW¶V VXFFHVV 7KHUH LV RQO RQH 3URMHFW 3XUSRVH 5HVXOWV 7KH VHUYLFHV WR EH SURYLGHG E WKH SURMHFW IRU ZKLFK SURMHFW PDQDJHUV FDQ EH KHOG GLUHFWO DFFRXQWDEOH :KDW LV JRLQJ WR EH GRQH WR GHOLYHU WKH SURMHFW¶V $FWLYLWLHV VHUYLFHV
  26. 26. Assumptions 3 ([WHUQDO IDFWRUV WKDW DUH LPSRUWDQW IRU WKH VXFFHVV RI WKH SURMHFW 6R WKH 3 GHILQH WKH VVWHPV HQYLURQPHQW DQG VXVWDLQDELOLW LVVXHV 3 VXPPDULVH IDFWRUV ZKLFK WKH SURMHFW FDQQRW RU FKRRVHV QRW WR FRQWURO 3 DUH IDFWRUV ZKLFK WKH SURMHFW GRHV QRW DGGUHVV EXW VKRXOG PRQLWRU
  27. 27. Logframe Basics 2EMHFWLYHO ,QWHUYHQWLRQ 6RXUFHV RI $VVXPSWLRQV 9HULILDEOH /RJLF 9HULILFDWLRQ ,QGLFDWRUV 2YHUDOO 2EMHFWLYHV 3URMHFW 3XUSRVH 5HVXOWV $FWLYLWLHV 0HDQV RVW µ ,) UHVXOWV DUH GHOLYHUHG $1' DVVXPSWLRQV KROG WUXH 3UHFRQGL 7+(1 WKH SURMHFW SXUSRVH ZLOO EH DFKLHYHG ¶ WLRQV
  28. 28. What are Indicators? o 2EMHFWLYHO 9HULILDEOH ,QGLFDWRUV 29,V
  29. 29. DUH VSHFLILF DQG REMHFWLYHO YHULILDEOH PHDVXUHV RI FKDQJH RU RI UHVXOWV DV D FRQVHTXHQFH RI SURMHFW SURJUDPPH DFWLYLWLHV o 7KH SURYLGH WKH EDVLV IRU SHUIRUPDQFH PHDVXUHPHQW o 7KH DUH XVHIXO WR FRQYH WR RWKHUV ZKDW WKH SURMHFW WULHV WR DFKLHYH WUDQVSDUHQF
  30. 30. How to Define OVIs?
  31. 31. 6SHFLI IRU HDFK UHVXOW WKH SURMHFW SXUSRVH DQG WKH RYHUDOO REMHFWLYHV
  32. 32. WKH LQGLFDWRU DFFRUGLQJ WR FULWHULD IRU JRRG LQGLFDWRUV
  33. 33. 'HILQH RQ WKH EDVLV RI WKH LQGLFDWRU ³WDUJHWV´ SUHFLVH DLPV RI WKH UHVXOWV DQG WKH SXUSRVH
  34. 34. 34XDQWLW 3+RZ PXFK 34XDOLW 3:KDW 37DUJHW JURXS 3:KR 37LPH SHULRG 36WDUWLQJ ZKHQ DQG IRU KRZ ORQJ 33ODFH 3:KHUH
  35. 35. Indicators: An Example o 2EMHFWLYH DJULFXOWXUDO SURGXFWLYLW LQFUHDVHG o 6HOHFW WKH LQGLFDWRU 5LFH LHOG SHU KD o 'HILQH WKH WDUJHWV · 'HILQH WKH TXDQWLW 5LFH LHOG SHU KD LQFUHDVHG IURP ; WR · 'HILQH WKH TXDOLW ZLWK = RI WKH KDUYHVW KDYLQJ H[SRUW TXDOLW · 'HILQH WKH WDUJHW JURXS IRU RI WKH IDUPHUV · 'HILQH WKH SODFH LQ 1RUWK:HVWHUQ 3URYLQFH · 'HWHUPLQH WKH WLPH E
  36. 36. About Sources of Verification o 7KH GHVFULEH ZKHUH DQG LQ ZKDW IRUP WR ILQG WKH LQIRUPDWLRQ RQ DFKLHYHPHQW RI REMHFWLYHV o 4XHVWLRQV WR EH FODULILHG l 'R DSSURSULDWH H[WHUQDO VRXUFHV H[LVW l $UH WKH VSHFLILF HQRXJK l $UH WKH UHOLDEOH DQG DFFHVVLEOH l $UH WKH FRVWV IRU REWDLQLQJ LQIRUPDWLRQ UHDVRQDEOH l 6KRXOG RWKHU VRXUFHV EH FUHDWHG o 7U WR XVH H[LVWLQJ VRXUFHV DV PXFK DV SRVVLEOH
  37. 37. Selecting Sources of Verification 6SHFLILF VDPSOH VXUYHV RVW %HQHILFLDU LQWHUYLHZV $GDSWHG URXWLQH VWDWLVWLFV 5RXWLQH 0DQDJHPHQW VWDWLVWLFV $GPLQLVWUDWLYH UHSRUWV UHFRUGV RPSOH[LW
  38. 38. The Completed Logframe Matrix ,QWHUYHQWLRQ 2EMHFWLYHO 6RXUFHV RI $VVXPSWLRQV /RJLF 9HULILDEOH 9HULILFDWLRQ ,QGLFDWRUV ‡5DWH RI VNLQ ‡+HDOWK FDUH FRVW +HDOWK DQG WRXULVP 2YHUDOO LQIHFWLRQV UHGXFHG UHGXFHG E ; VWDWLVWLFV ‡7RXULVP GHFOLQH LV ‡7RXULVP UHYHQXHV 2EMHFWLYHV VWRSSHG LQFUHDVHG E ; /RDG RI ZDVWH 5HGXFHG SROOXWLRQ ‡0RQLWRULQJ UHSRUWV RI 8QFRQWUROOHG 3URMHFW ZDWHU GLVFKDUJH OHYHO DW ORFDWLRQV D DQG 02( GXPSLQJ RI ZDVWH E E WRQV RI 1 = ‡(YDOXDWLRQ UHSRUW RI 3XUSRVH LQWR ULYHU UHGXFHG WRQ RI 3 E LQGHSHQGHQW ILUP LQWR ULYHU UHGXFHG :DVWHZDWHU $PRXQW RI WUHDWHG ,QWHUQDO UHSRUW :DWHU TXDOLW IURP 5HVXOWV WUHDWPHQW FDSD ZDVWHZDWHU LQFUHDVHG XSSHU ULYHU UHPDLQV FLWLHV LQFUHDVHG IURP [ WR Pñ E VWDEOH $FWLYLWLHV 5HKDELOLWDWH 0HDQV RVW 4XDOLILHG VWDII VHZHU QHWZRUN DYDLODEOH 5HKDELOLWDWH ::73 5HKDELOLWDWLRQ ,QVWDOO FRQWURO 3UHFRQGL SHUPLVVLRQ VVWHP WLRQV REWDLQHG
  39. 39. Factors ensuring sustainability (QG RI KHFN SURMHFW VHUYLFHV IRU SURMHFW 3 SROLF VXSSRUW 3URMHFW 3 WHFKQLFDO DSSURSULDWHQHVV 3XUSRVH ,PSDFW 5HVXOW 3 DFFHVV E JHQGHUVRFLDO %HQHILWV 5HVXOW JURXSV 5HVXOW 3 HQYLURQPHQWDO SURWHFWLRQ 3 LQVWLWXWLRQDO FDSDFLW 7LPH 3 ILQDQFLDO HFRQRPLF YLDELOLW
  40. 40. Typical Problems â %HQHILFLDULHV QRW FOHDUO LGHQWLILHG â 3UREOHPV LGHQWLILHG DV LPSRUWDQW DUH QRW WKRVH RI WKH LQWHQGHG EHQHILFLDULHV â 2EMHFWLYH VWUXFWXUH SRRUO GHYHORSHG â 0XOWLSOH SURMHFW SXUSRVHV â $VVXPSWLRQV QRW GHYHORSHG â ,QGLFDWRUV QRW GHYHORSHG
  41. 41. Activity Scheduling $Q DFWLYLW VFKHGXOH 3 0DLQWDLQV REMHFWLYHRULHQWHG DSSURDFK RI ORJIUDPH 3 %UHDNV DFWLYLWLHV GRZQ LQWR RSHUDWLRQDO GHWDLO 3 ODULILHV VHTXHQFH GXUDWLRQ DQG SUHFHGHQFH RI DFWLYLWLHV 3 ,GHQWLILHV NH PLOHVWRQHV 3 $VVLJQV PDQDJHPHQW UHVSRQVLELOLW :RUNSODQ :RUNSODQ :RUNSODQ DQG LPSOHPHQWLQJ UHVSRQVLELOLWLHV DQG VKRXOG LQFOXGH PDQDJHPHQW WDVNV
  42. 42. Resource Scheduling $ UHVRXUFH VFKHGXOH 3 0DLQWDLQV REMHFWLYHRULHQWHG DSSURDFK RI ORJIUDPH 3 )DFLOLWDWHV UHVXOWVEDVHG EXGJHWLQJ DQG PRQLWRULQJ RI FRVWHIIHFWLYHQHVV 3 3URYLGHV EDVLV IRU SODQQHG PRELOLVDWLRQ RI UHVRXUFHV H[WHUQDO ORFDO
  43. 43. %XGJHW 3 ,GHQWLILHV FRVW LPSOLFDWLRQV %XGJHW %XGJHW $$ $$ $ #!$ $ ÃÃ$ ¿ RXQWHUSDUW IXQGLQJ UHTXLUHPHQW Thyh…vr† $ $$ #!$ ÃÃ# 6yy‚hpr† !$ $ ÃÃ$ WruvpyrÃPƒ $ #!$ ÃÃ# Pssvprà $ $ ¿ 3RVWSURMHFW ILQDQFLDO VXVWDLQDELOLW UryAh‘ # # Trrq† '$ Ar…‡vyv†r… !
  44. 44. Activity Resource Scheduling :RUNSODQ DFWLYLW VFKHGXOH %XGJHW $FWLYLWLHV HWF :KR $FWLYLWLHV RGH 8QLW FRVW 1R 7RWDO 5HF 5HKDELOLWDWH VHZHU QHWZRUN 5HKDELOLWDWH VHZHU QHWZRUN RQGXFW DVVHVVPHQW $ ‡ 6DODULHV $ 'HVLJQ LPSURYHPHQWV $ ‡ (TXLSPHQW % RQWUDFW FRPSDQ $ ‡ RQVXOWDQW % 5HKDELOLWDWH ::73 RQGXFW H[WHQVLRQ 2EWDLQ GHVLJQ VSHF % ‡ 6DODULHV 6LJQ FRQWUDFW % ‡ (TXLSHPHQW 0RQLWRU FRQVWUXFWLRQ % ‡ ‡)LOWHUV
  45. 45. Monitoring of Implementation 0RQLWRULQJ x ,V D VVWHPDWLF PDQDJHPHQW DFWLYLW x $FWXDO SURJUHVV LV FRPSDUHG WR SODQ LQ RUGHU WR LGHQWLI QHFHVVDU UHPHGLDO DFWLRQV x 7DNHV SODFH DW DOO OHYHOV RI PDQDJHPHQW x 8VHV ERWK IRUPDO UHSRUWLQJ LQIRUPDO FRPPXQLFDWLRQV x )RFXVHV RQ UHVRXUFHV DFWLYLWLHV UHVXOWV LQ WKH ORJIUDPH
  46. 46. Evaluation: Major Issues (YDOXDWLRQ x ,V DQ DVVHVVPHQW RI SURMHFW VXFFHVV x $VVHVVHV WKH UHOHYDQFH HIILFLHQF HIIHFWLYHQHVV LPSDFW a DQG VXVWDLQDELOLW RI WKH SURMHFW LQ a UHODWLRQ WR LWV VWDWHG REMHFWLYHV x )RFXVHV PRUH RQ UHVXOWVWRSXUSRVH DQG SXUSRVHWR RYHUDOO REMHFWLYHV x KHFNV WKH FRKHUHQFH RI SURMHFW SODQQLQJ x KHFNV WKH LQIOXHQFH RI WKH LPSRUWDQW DVVXPSWLRQV
  47. 47. Types of Evaluation 'HVLUHG VLWXDWLRQ 6XVWDLQHG EHQHILWV DQG LPSDFW T J EC PRO 3UHVHQW VLWXDWLRQ 7LPH ([SRVW RU LPSDFW HYDOXDWLRQ (QGRI SURMHFW RU ILQDO HYDOXDWLRQ 0LGWHUP UHYLHZ
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