1. What is planning?
• Planning is the orderly sequence of actions
that must be followed to achieve a goal.
e.g. goal is to reduce travel times from North
Shore to CBD
• Planning involves identifying and clarifying
the planning issues and gathering the
appropriate information to enable the final
decision to be made.
• Planning also includes the monitoring and
evaluating of completed projects
So why do we plan?
On page 2 of your planning booklet complete the
following using the below picture
1. Name 2 conflicting uses of
2. Identify two groups who
would want an input in to
the management of this
3. Why would planning be
needed at this location
The planning organisations in New Zealand. List the organisations who plan
on page 3 of your planning booklet
What background information is
useful to a planner?
Complete the following on page 4 of your planning
What does a planner need to know before
undertaking a new project?
• Public opinion
• Future needs of a population
• Affected parties
• District plan – does it fit?
• Resource Management Act
• Building/Resource consent needed
The TGS Social Sciences Building
• At the bottom of page 4 of your planning
booklet list what information what have been
needed to being the planning of this new
building and where this information might
have been found
• Consider what parties would be impacted,
environmental impacts, where funding was
coming from …..
The Resource Management Act 1991
Fill in the gaps on page 5, 6 and 7 using the following slides
The decision makers
• One of the RMA's underlying principles is that
decision-making is best left to those who are
directly affected by the results of those decisions.
• Where there is some advantage in setting
consistent policy at a national level, this role lies
with the Minister for the Environment and the
Minister of Conservation.
• Decisions that directly impact on local
communities are made by councils.
• Local authorities (councils) are responsible for
implementing the bulk of the RMA, and are
divided into two tiers (district/city and regional
councils) for this purpose.
Under the RMA, territorial authorities are primarily
responsible for controlling:
• The effects of land use (including hazardous
substances, natural hazards and indigenous
• The effects of activities on the surface of lakes and
• Subdivision can also be controlled under RMA, though
only to the extent that it forms a method of carrying
out the functions specified above.
To enable them to carry out these functions, territorial
and unitary authorities are charged with preparing
district plans, issuing resource consents, taking
enforcement action, and monitoring the state of the
environment and the effects of their own decisions.
• If a new factory was proposed, the local
district or city council would, under the RMA,
be concerned with assessing the effects of the
proposal on traffic volumes, its visual impact,
and the effects on neighbouring residents,
including noise. The regional council would be
primarily concerned about the effects of any
discharges from the factory on air and water
What is resource (land use) consent?
• Resource consent is written approval from
council to use your land in a way that does not
comply with the District Plan or is listed in the
District Plan as an activity specifically requiring
resource consent. The District Plan is a book of
rules for particular activities and
developments for North Shore City that we’re
required to have under the Resource
Management Act (RMA) 1991.
Why do I need resource consent?
• The Resource Management Act requires North
Shore City Council to have a District Plan. The
RMA promotes the sustainable management
of natural and physical resources. Generally if
you require resource consent it’s because your
proposal has the potential to have a negative
impact on the environment (which can include
people, vegetation, buildings and structures).
• If under the provisions of the RMA, we don’t
need to inform people about your application
and you provide complete and correct
information and if your activity fits the District
Plan for North Shore City
• We need to inform people about your
application if the work is likely to have a
negative impact on the environment that is
more than minor and/or there are parties who
will be adversely affected. This involves
placing a public notice in newspapers and
sending letters to people who are considered
to be affected. Notification enables people to
support or oppose resource consent
applications if they feel strongly about them.
How is a decision made?
• Council staff evaluate all resource consent
applications and make recommendations on
whether the application should be notified and
whether the application should be granted. These
recommendations are presented to the local
Hearing Commissioners to determine whether
they agree with the recommendation.
Recommendations for certain application types
can also be delegated to council officers to make
The District Plan (pg 6)
The District Plan comprises two parts:
1. The planning objectives, policies and rules
for activities and development in the city
2. The District Plan maps, which show the
location of Activity zones and restrictions
applying to sites which need to be
The Plan is prepared as an integrated document
which should be read as a whole to understand
the relationship between different sets of
policies relevant to a particular planning
• This is the district
plan for the
• It uses colour to
show what can be
done where (e.g.
How Council Works
• Read the information on the following link…
How Council Works
• The Auckland Council model of local government helps
meet both regional and local needs, and gives
Auckland the resources it needs to grow and develop.
• Auckland Council has two complementary decision-
making parts, the governing body and local boards.
• The governing body and the local boards are
autonomous and make decisions as Auckland Council
within their respective areas of responsibility.
• Although they make different types of decisions, it is
critical that there is an effective working relationship
between the governing body and the local boards.
• The governing body consists of the mayor, elected by
all Auckland voters, and 20governing body
members elected by voters from the ward they
• The governing body focuses on the big picture and on
region-wide strategic decisions.
• Each of the 21 local boards has between five and nine
members, elected by voters from the area they
• Local boards represent the communities in their area
and make decisions on local issues, activities and
Auckland Council organisation
• The Auckland Council organisation is led by the
chief executive. It is comprised of council
employees who provide advice to the local
boards and governing body and carry out their
• Auckland Council also has Council-Controlled
Organisations (CCOs), which look after specific
council assets, services or infrastructure.
• The CCOs operate separately but are accountable
to the governing body, which sets their direction
and monitors their performance.
Independent Māori Statutory Board
• The role of the Independent Māori Statutory Board (IMSB)
is to ensure there is a voice for Māori in the governance of
Auckland, and to assist the council with making informed
decisions and meeting its statutory obligations in relation
to the Treaty of Waitangi.
• While the council has existing obligations to engage with
Māori and to enable Māori participation in council
decision-making, it has additional duties to work with the
• The IMSB is completely independent of Auckland Council.
• Auckland Council is also advised by a range of advisory
panels, which identify and communicate the interests and
preferences of specific groups of Aucklanders to the
• Current advisory panels include the Pacific People's
Advisory Panel, the Ethnic People's Advisory Panel and the
Youth Advisory Panel.