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гюнтер шмитт

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  • Wassermangel  Karst: keine Wasserspeicherung; unterirdische Entwässerung (Indischer Ozean) Brunnen  öffentlich + privat angelegt Brunnen -> Grundwasserspiegel stark schwankend; oft ausgetrocknet bzw. nicht tief genug (> 15 m tief) Brunnen oft neben Toilettenanlagen  Grundwasser hat schlechten Ruf, da Abwasser ins Grundwasser gelangt; Karstuntergrund  mangelnde Filterqualität!!! Regenwasserspeicher: natürlich  Telagas; künstlich  am Haus Leitungssystem  Pumpkraft + gravitative Kraft Abwasserbehandlung  in der Stadt vorhanden, aber marode Anlagen  auf dem Land nicht praktiziert; keine Trennung der Abwässer; keine Behandlung / Aufbereitung  Toiletten mit septic tanks; Bodenlöcher  keine entleerung, wenn voll, dann neues Loch ausheben
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    • 1. Water for 100.000 people - a pilot project in Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt Geodetic Institute Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dr.-Ing. E.h. Günter SchmittKIT –the Cooperation of Research Center Karlsruhe and University Karlsruhe (TH) www.kit.edu
    • 2. study area Gunung Kidul2 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 3. Gunung Sewu during the rainy season3 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 4. Gunung Sewu during the dry season4 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 5. dry season problems5 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 6. drinking water supply6 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 7. diesel generator at Gua Bribin7 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 8. underground river systems8 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 9. underground water potential - cave impression - river Bribin natural lake9 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 10. water resources management Variant 1: complete damming (schematic))10 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 11. water resources management Variant 2: weir and wooden pressure pipeline)11 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 12. course of the cave Gua Bribin key data : storage volume 400.000m / minimum flow 1.000l/s potential water height ≥ 15m / continuous pumping 70l/s supply of the population with 80l/day12 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 13. polygon measurement 65 points, 2 x 1,5 km length, Leica TCR1102, mean point error 3 cm, relative break through ellipse 20x4 cm, nearly 100% humidity !! shortest distance 4m in the cave entrance !!!13 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 14. measurement in the lake region14 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 15. vertical drilling machine „VSM 2500“ break-through of the shaft drilling : december 2004 in 98,4m depth break-through accuracy : 7cm !!!15 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 16. existing weir near the cave entrance16 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 17. microhydro power plant concrete dam shaft gearbox hydraulic coupling turbine pump (PAT) stilling basin generator dewatering conduit17 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 18. dam construction site18 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 19. dam monitoring network19 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 20. test pumping20 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 21. IWRM basic conception Water resources management/ Exploration of water Regenerative energies resources Water distribution / Intermediate storage 2+2 Concept/ Capacity Building Estimation of techno- logical development effects Break into new markets/ Appropriate Technologies Socio-economic framework Sustainability / Ecological and Improvement of living Improvement of living conditions Participation microeconomic conditions validation Protection of water resources / Sewage-/ waste treatment Drinking water quality Sustainable Use backup21 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 22. IWRM objective – work packages WP1 Exploration of water resources / Water supply WP6 WP2 Implementation / Transfer Water resources management of Technology • Water storage (Capacity-Building) • Regenerative energies WP7 • Water supply methods • Infrastructure planning Coordination / GIS data management WP5 Socio-economic analysis WP3 WP4 Water distribution, Sewage- / waste treatment Water treatment, Water quality protection22 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 23. pressure pipeline system Gua Seropan polygon : 40 points, 620m in the cave, Leica TCRP 1201, vertical profiles stake out of the test drilling point with RTK-GPS detailed cave surveying with TLS by Leica HDS 6000 reservoir shaft with pipe to the reservoir Pipeline to reservoir hydroelectric power plant existing weir pressure pipeline23 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 24. TLS measurements Gua Seropan 22 instrument positions, 350 m cave length, height difference 20 m, cave breadth 3 – 15 m, cave height < 21 m, 4 days measurement, scan resolution in 20 m distance 6x6 mm224 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 25. TLS cross-section measurement photo and TLS point cloud25 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 26. project related reference system GPS-measurements : 2 Leica receivers GPS 1200 3 reference stations 10 reservoirs 2 x 1 h data processssing : Online-service CSRS-PPP Leica GeoOffice ITRF2005 / EGM0826 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 27. capacity building teaching in GPS-applications teaching in GPS-measurements - Gadjah Mada University Yogyakarta, Geodetic Department - Integration of students in project surveying - independant support in data collection concerning the local water supply and sewage systems27 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 28. 28 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt
    • 29. thank you for your attention !29 Geodetic Contributions to IWRM-Projects in Middle Java, Indonesia Günter Schmitt