Intro Presentation Stone Structures and Features

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Introduction to the use of stone in landscaping.

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Intro Presentation Stone Structures and Features

  1. 1. RTF 3219AConstruct block and stone features.
  2. 2. History
  3. 3. Stone Structures• The Pyramids in Egypt• The Great wall of China• Stonehenge• Statues on Christmas Island• Incan Temples• European Castles• Roman aqueducts and roadways• And many other structures around the world
  4. 4. Materials• Sedimentary• Metamorphic• Igneous
  5. 5. Sedimentary• Layers of Examples: sediment, such as silt • Sandstone and • Limestone sand, compressed over a period of time. • Mudstone • Shale
  6. 6. Metamorphic• Originally Examples: sedimentary • Marble (limestone) stone, that at some • Slate time was exposed to subterranean heat and pressure causing the mineral composition to melt and reform
  7. 7. IgneousRock formed from • Examples:volcanic activity. • Basalt (Bluestone)Larva, molten • Graniterock, andconglomerates, particles of rock andminerals fusedtogether.
  8. 8. Uses for stone• Free standing walls • Feature placement• Retainer walls • Sculpture• Steps • Barrier• Garden edging • Erosion control• Paving • Letter boxes• Paving inlay • BBQ• Seating • Border• Water features • Planter boxes
  9. 9. Construction method Solid wall
  10. 10. Solid wall• Built using a fixing agent• Solid construction• Reinforced Concrete foundations
  11. 11. Construction method Dry stone wall
  12. 12. Dry stone wall• Built without any fixing agents• Uses gravity and the relationship of the stones used to hold them in place.• Semi flexible• Foundation is solid ground or compacted base material.
  13. 13. Construction method Veneered
  14. 14. VeneeredTo add a thin layer to the surface of a structure
  15. 15. Construction style Strata Wall
  16. 16. Construction style Random wall
  17. 17. UsesFeatures built out of stone

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