Utilizing New Technologies for the Improvement of
Problem Based Learning in Medical Education
Georg Kitz, g.kitz@student.t...
Outline
• Problem Definition / Motivation
• Learning Methods
• Technology Stack
• Prototype
• Usability Testing
• Improveme...
Problem Definition / Motivation
• Practical Year at Medical University of Graz
• Students work on real cases in hospitals
•...
Problem Definition / Motivation
• Student issues
• Organised note taking and reporting
• Organising multiple case files
• Co...
Is it possible to improve Problem Based Learning
by using modern technologies?
Problem Definition / Motivation
• From paper and pen to a modern online reporting and
feedback tool
• Introducing new techn...
Learning Methods
• Active Learning vs. Passive Learning
• Problem Based Learning
• Teacher selects topics to work on
• Stu...
Prototype / Technologie Stack
Web portal for Supervisors
Web portal for Students
iPad App for Students
Technologie Stack
Webportal
Django / Python Postgres
iOS App
Objective C / Cocoa
REST API
Prototype / Webportal for supervisors
Prototype / Webportal for supervisors
• Shows every change a student made at one glance
• Browse through all versions of a...
Prototype / iPad App for students
Prototype / iPad App for students
• Allows instant reporting in front of the patient
• Allows asking questions as and when...
Usability Testing
• Thinking Aloud as testing method
• 3 medical students each performing 5 tasks
Usability Testing / Positive Feedback	
✓ Overall feedback was positive and indicated that the use
of the novel system is b...
Usability Testing / Minor Flaws + Suggestions
- Differences between iPad and Web Portal
➡ Missing Traffic Light System
➡ Hi...
Follow Up Strategies
• Test the supervisor part
• Deploy the system in “production”
• Better authentication strategy
• Add...
Results
• Successfully built a web portal
• Successfully built an iPad app
• Successfully tested the student part with usa...
Is it possible to improve Problem Based Learning
by using modern technologies?
It’s principally possible, but the system needs to be
tested in a real environment over a longer
timespan!
Questions?
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Utilizing New Technologies for the Improvement of Problem Based Learning in Medical Education

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Transcript of "Utilizing New Technologies for the Improvement of Problem Based Learning in Medical Education"

  1. 1. Utilizing New Technologies for the Improvement of Problem Based Learning in Medical Education Georg Kitz, g.kitz@student.tugraz.at
  2. 2. Outline • Problem Definition / Motivation • Learning Methods • Technology Stack • Prototype • Usability Testing • Improvements • Follow Up Strategies • Results • Questions
  3. 3. Problem Definition / Motivation • Practical Year at Medical University of Graz • Students work on real cases in hospitals • Students are assigned to 3 supervisors • Supervisors are guides for questions • Communication and feedback works with paper reports • Grading based on the reports
  4. 4. Problem Definition / Motivation • Student issues • Organised note taking and reporting • Organising multiple case files • Continuous feedback and guidance • Supervisor issues • Handling high student numbers, beside their everyday job • Delivering fast feedback and guidance • Multiple supervisor communication
  5. 5. Is it possible to improve Problem Based Learning by using modern technologies?
  6. 6. Problem Definition / Motivation • From paper and pen to a modern online reporting and feedback tool • Introducing new technologies to the field of Medical Education • Integrated flexibility for student users (mobile devices)
  7. 7. Learning Methods • Active Learning vs. Passive Learning • Problem Based Learning • Teacher selects topics to work on • Student gathers as much information as possible on his own about the topic • Teacher is a guide who helps students if needed
  8. 8. Prototype / Technologie Stack Web portal for Supervisors Web portal for Students iPad App for Students
  9. 9. Technologie Stack Webportal Django / Python Postgres iOS App Objective C / Cocoa REST API
  10. 10. Prototype / Webportal for supervisors
  11. 11. Prototype / Webportal for supervisors • Shows every change a student made at one glance • Browse through all versions of a student’s report • See comments of all other supervisors • Enable comment-function based on hierarchical level
  12. 12. Prototype / iPad App for students
  13. 13. Prototype / iPad App for students • Allows instant reporting in front of the patient • Allows asking questions as and when they occur • Allows easy multiple case file handling • Instant access to supervisors’ feedback • Improved student + supervisor interaction
  14. 14. Usability Testing • Thinking Aloud as testing method • 3 medical students each performing 5 tasks
  15. 15. Usability Testing / Positive Feedback ✓ Overall feedback was positive and indicated that the use of the novel system is beneficial for all parties involved “it is a tremendous timesaver in comparison to the paper and pen approach and makes the duty of filling in case files quite enjoyable”
  16. 16. Usability Testing / Minor Flaws + Suggestions - Differences between iPad and Web Portal ➡ Missing Traffic Light System ➡ History Button Inconsistency - Mark unprocessed entries - Mark last commented entry - Improved image handling
  17. 17. Follow Up Strategies • Test the supervisor part • Deploy the system in “production” • Better authentication strategy • Add unit testing to build a less error prone system • Add cucumber/selenium for automatic UI testing • Add Jenkins for integration tests in order to have fail safe releases
  18. 18. Results • Successfully built a web portal • Successfully built an iPad app • Successfully tested the student part with usability tests • Students approved that the system would be a significant improvement
  19. 19. Is it possible to improve Problem Based Learning by using modern technologies?
  20. 20. It’s principally possible, but the system needs to be tested in a real environment over a longer timespan!
  21. 21. Questions?
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