Community and evidence based services 6-19-13

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This powerpoint presentation was put together by one of Voices' Summer Associates, Shauna Carmichael, and presented at the second installment of our Georgia Children's Advocacy Network (GA-CAN!) …

This powerpoint presentation was put together by one of Voices' Summer Associates, Shauna Carmichael, and presented at the second installment of our Georgia Children's Advocacy Network (GA-CAN!) Off-Session Policy Series.
This month we discussed community-based services: prevention, intervention, diversion and the new juvenile code.

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  • The program only resulted in significant decreases/improvements when therapists showed high adherence to the model.


  • 1.  The purpose of this chapter is to secure for eachchild… such care and guidance, preferably in hisor her own home, as will secure his or hermoral, emotional, mental, and physical welfare aswell as the safety of both the child andcommunity.◦ O.C.G.A § 15-11-1 (2013). Community based services:◦ Build a web of support around families and children.◦ Provide services in the least restrictive setting possible sothat youth can remain in or near their homes.◦ Maintain bonds between the child andfamily, friends, and school personnel.◦ Draw on an individual community‘s assets to meet anindividual child‘s needs.
  • 2.  In the current juvenile code section 15-11-10authorizes and discusses community-basedservices.◦ Any court may by order establish within thegeographical jurisdiction of the court a courtapproved community based risk reduction programfor the purpose of utilizing available communityresources in assessment and intervention in casesof delinquency, deprivation, or unruliness. O.C.G.A. § 15-11-10 (2012).
  • 3.  The new juvenile code also authorizescommunity-based services:◦ Any court may order the establishment of acommunity based risk reduction program, withinthe geographical jurisdiction of the court, for thepurpose of utilizing available community resourcesin assessment and intervention in cases ofdelinquency, dependency, or children in need ofservices so long as the court determines thatsufficient funds are available for such programs.Subject to the procedures, requirements, andsupervision established in the order creating suchprogram, any individual and any public or privateagency or entity may participate in the program. O.C.G.A. § 15-11-38 (2013).
  • 4.  ‗Evidence based programs or practicesmeans programs, practices, procedures, andpolicies that scientific research demonstratesa likelihood to prevent or reduce juveniledelinquency or recidivism.◦ O.C.G.A. § 49-4A-1 (2013). Evidence based services can:◦ Result in reduced recidivism, improved schoolperformance, higher participant retentionrates, and increased provider and systemaccountability.◦ Ensure effective outcomes for youth.◦ Promote efficient use of funds.
  • 5.  The new juvenile code requires the Board ofJuvenile Justice to:◦ Adopt rules and regulations… to ensure thatevidence based programs or practices… guidedecisions related to placing a committed child in afacility or into the community, preparing a childsrelease into the community, and managing childrenprobationers in the community; and Require thedepartment to collect and analyze data andperformance outcomes… O.C.G.A. § 49-4A-2 (2013).
  • 6.  It also requires that Department of JuvenileJustice:◦ Services shall be based on evidence basedprograms or practices and be community centeredand responsive to local needs with state and localand public and private entities forming cooperativepartnerships that enhance informal supportsystems for families… O.C.G.A. § 49-4A-3 (2013).
  • 7. Trained community members andgraduate students provide mentoringand case management formarginalized, disengaged studentsfrom K-12. Participating students were19% less likely to drop out of highschool than students in a controlgroup.Sinclair, M. F., Christenson, S. L., & Thurlow, M. L. (2005). Promotingschool completion of urban secondary youth with emotional or behavioraldisabilities. Exceptional Children, 71(4), 465–482.Identifies children before they become involved indelinquent behaviors and are referred into thecourt system.
  • 8. A 3-4 month intervention program foradolescents withdelinquency, substance abuse, andviolence problems that uses individualtherapists to work with a family . Theprogram focuses on improving socialand emotional well-being, buildingpositive relationships, and changingbehaviors. The program resulted in a34.9% reduction in felonies and 30%reduction in violent crimes.Sexton, Thomas L., and Charles W. Turner. 2010. ―The Effectiveness ofFunctional Family Therapy for Youth With Behavioral Problems in aCommunity Practice Setting.‖ Journal of Family Psychology 24(3):339–48.Identifies children that are candidates forrehabilitation. Programs vary widely but manyfocus on accountability, correcting problembehaviors, and promoting productive life skills.
  • 9. A curriculum-based program designedto help chronic, high-risk juvenilessuccessfully reenter the communityafter being released. The 13-weekprogram consists of skill-training on13 primary and 29 secondary programtreatment topics, such as The ―Pit‖—Dealing With Your Emotions, FamilyDynamics, and Living With Addiction.Only 35% of program participants re-offended; compared to 53% of a controlgroup.Josi, Don A., and Dale K. Sechrest. 1999. ―A Pragmatic Approach to ParoleAftercare: Evaluation of a Community Reintegration Program for High-RiskYouthful Offenders.‖ Justice Quarterly 16:51–80.Addresses children leaving the detention systemand discourages recidivism by promoting positivelife skills and rebuilding community ties.
  • 10. School Community Police/Courts DetentionGuidanceCounselorsReligiousLeadersSchool ResourceOfficersProbationOfficersTeachers MentorsCommunityOutreachProgramsDJJ FacilityPersonnelAdministrators Youth Groups Juvenile Courts CounselorsSchool ResourceOfficersChild WelfareOfficesAttorneys
  • 11.  Outcome measures vary widely depending onthe status of the youth participating in theprogram (ex. At-risk vs. repeat offenders)and the goals of the program. Outcome measures may include:◦ Dropout Rates◦ Recidivism Rates◦ Academic Attendance and Achievement◦ Substance Abuse◦ Antisocial Behaviors