Open Up Your Metadata!


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Open Up Your Metadata!

  1. 1. Open Up Your Metadata!<br />Georgia Angelaki, EuropeanaPoznan, 11 October 2011<br />
  2. 2. What is Europeana?<br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. “A digital library that is a single, direct and multilingual access point to the European cultural heritage.”<br />European Parliament, 27 September 2007<br />
  5. 5. 2011<br />91 direct providers and aggregatorsmore than 1500 individual institutions20+m items<br />
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  9. 9. CC-BY-NC(like)<br />
  10. 10. CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication <br />
  11. 11. Why?<br />
  12. 12. Users:Trusted sourceEase of useRe-useIn my workflow<br />
  13. 13. Cultural Institutions:VisibilityServices Revenue<br />
  14. 14. Politicians:Inclusion Education LeadershipEconomic growth<br />
  15. 15. Market:Straightforward route to contentAccess to the networkPremium servicesBrand Association<br />
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  17. 17. 1<br />3<br />2<br />4<br />Europeana Strategic Plan 2011-2015<br />AGGREGATE<br />FACILITATE<br />DISTRIBUTE<br />ENGAGE<br />
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  19. 19. Metadata related to the digitised objects produced by the cultural institutions <br />should be widely and freely available for re-use.<br />Key recommendations, p5<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />Public Sector Data - Changing Expectations<br /><ul><li>The advent of the Web accelerated the development of a collaboration culture & fostered an expectation that information, metadata & content should be as freely available as the Internet itself
  21. 21. Many wider benefit arguments have been advanced for public bodies to make their data freely available
  22. 22. 2009 saw an increasing Government commitment to the principle of opening up public data for wider re-use. The Putting the Frontline First: smarter government report requires “the majority of government-published information to be reusable, linked data by June 2011”</li></li></ul><li>When public data <br />(which already has been created at public <br />expense) is made openly available for re-use,<br /> everybody can benefit:<br /> Citizens get better information, <br />companies can come up with new <br />business opportunities <br />and public administrations will <br />(or anyhow should) <br />be grateful for others to work and add <br />value for everybody: <br />this is win-win.<br />
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  27. 27. Result of long series of negotiations with content providers & aggregators. <br />Published 20 September 2011<br />Published 20 September 2011<br />
  28. 28. Main Changes<br />Drop “Non-commercial use only” (NC) <br />Drop “Attribution” (BY)<br />Drop “Share-alike” restriction (SA) <br />Adopt a standardised license<br />Simplify agreements<br /><ul><li>In general simpler and better worded in legal terms
  29. 29. Takes in input from data providers’ workshops and consultation process - a lot of articles have been improved
  30. 30. Combines data provider and data aggregator agreement in one: the data exchange agreement
  31. 31. Only give to Europeana what you are comfortable with
  32. 32. No need to provide metadata for complete or all collections</li></li></ul><li>Why drop NC and BY?<br />Most of the metadata is factual information<br />Most has been created with taxpayers’ money and everyone should have the right to use it<br />It is very difficult to define the boundaries of NC<br />Attribution is very hard to enforce especially when a long chain of intermediaries are involved <br />New applications and uses can spring for data<br />There is much more to gain by giving up something<br />Need for a standardised license that will allow a minimum threshold for re-use<br />
  33. 33. The Process<br />Workshops on risks and rewards of open licenses – (September 2010-December 2012)<br />Workshops and presentations (APENET, ATHENA, EFG, EUSCREEN)<br />Workshop with directors of museums, libraries, archives and av on the business models of open data<br />Online consultation with the network between December 2010 and January 2011<br />Second round of consultation with whole network in May<br />4 Hackathons in June (Barcelona, Poznan, London, Stockholm)<br />LOD pilot<br />Paper commissioned on the compatibility of CC0 with German jurisdiction<br />Dedicated website about open data and our new agreement<br />
  34. 34. Risks identified in the workshops<br />
  35. 35. Rewards identified in the workshops<br />
  36. 36. Related Europeana activities<br />
  37. 37. Europeana Linked Open Data Pilot <br />9 direct providers representing<br />300 libraries, museums, archives and av collections<br />16 countries <br />3,5 m records<br />Pilot went live in June<br /> Proof that nothing bad will happen<br />It’s a pilot- it’s still subject to change<br />CC0 is cleared for this data<br />Check it out:<br />
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  39. 39. Digital Agenda Day API Hackathons <br />Hack4Europe!<br /><ul><li>About 85 developers participated
  40. 40. With a majority being independent developers or representing SMEs
  41. 41. Creating 48 prototypes
  42. 42. Why: to showcase the social and commercial value of open cultural data
  43. 43. With 14 winners in the categories and local special awards</li></li></ul><li>Winner of the Commercial Potential Award: Art4Europe<br /><br />
  44. 44. Winner of the Innovation Award: TimeMash<br />
  45. 45. Winner of the Audience Award: TimeBook<br />
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  49. 49. More activities…<br /><ul><li>Individual meetings with providers
  50. 50. Lots of workshops
  51. 51. LOD animation
  52. 52. Operationalise some of the apps
  53. 53. Paper on the Business Models of Open Data for the Cultural Heritage Sector
  54. 54. Advocacy towards policy-makers: ie all EU-funded projects have to make their data available under open licenses and publicly funded digitisation should deliver CC0 metadata</li></li></ul><li>CENL / EU screen adopt DEA<br />
  55. 55. CC0 will be applied as of <br />July 1st, 2012!<br />
  56. 56. Dziękuję!<br />Pytania?<br /><br />