Personal identity ManagementPresentation Transcript
Who and how am I online? Personal identity management for professional development 19 May2011
Who and how am I online? From here to Facebook 19 May2011
Who and how am I online? From Facebook to Eternity 19 May2011
Who and how am I online? You are what you like 19 May2011
Aim Identify tools (mediational means) developed by the JISC Institutional Innovation Programme that have the capacity to be deployed in personal identity projects.
Objectives Articulate y/our own understanding of the nature of human identity and how this is worked out in online/digital environments Explain y/our own online professional development practices in terms of identity projects Explain steps that might be taken to better manage our online identity practice Build on the concept of multiple hybrid identities in order to more effectively represent our self to different audiences in different spheres
Why? Symptomatic moments Impacting on identity: Digital Rights Management: Ian Kearns (2002), Code Red: iTunes, Spotify Software sorting: society (Graham 2005) Algorithms: People like you…: Amazon market information Neuromarketing: EmSense, the leader in quantitative neurometrics, …have made direct brain activity measurement easier and scalable Associative, personalised links, …, are largely missing from both the theory and the practice of [the] Web Wendy Hall, Alt-C (2002)
DRM Code Red Technology to manage rights precedes the social, legislative or philosophical establishment and/or protection of those rights. Asserted rights (privilege) are given shape in DRM technologies in advance of legislation and then either quietly grandfathered in or subsequently enacted. In the case of DRM these rights are in respect to copyright material. Embraces everything from Pirate Bay through Pirates of the Caribbean to academic publishing. (Kearns 2002)
Software sorting … central role of computerized code in shaping the social and geographical politics of inequality in advanced societies. (Graham 2005) In respect to market participation, the invisible hand gets a little help [W]hen you interact with a service online or by phone there may be software in action that mediates how you experience the service: by sorting you. Live in a high income postcode? Get routed to a sales person more quickly than if your IP address makes you look as if you come from a less promising area. On record as an awkward customer or "time-waster"? Then wait in the queue. (Schmoller 2007)
Amazon algorithms People like you "Algorithms are what make our site run, (and) such a unique place to shop. It's through algorithms that we're able to do things like make recommendations and tell you what customers who bought this item also bought," said Amazon spokeswoman Patty Smith.Read more: http://news.cnet.com/2100-1017-965068.html#ixzz1MlptErEd
Neuromarketing The EmSenseneuromarketing database, now the world’s largest, recently exceeded the 50,000 respondent milestone. These respondents draw from over 10 countries, including India and China. EmSense also collected eye-tracking data from 12,000 respondents, while 3,000 more were studied in actual retail environments as they completed typical shopping journeys. “The key advantage of a large database is that it provides rich norms, the element market researchers most desire. [my emphasis] [link]
Facebook? Google? … don’t even go there
Wendy Hall warns… Corporations, through loyalty cards and other sources of information already hold your portfolio. Suggests that new web technologies can help us individuals to manage our digital identity. But, can they?
Applications in Immigration and nationality Education Employment Social order and control Resilience Health Defence, war and security
Via Helen Keegan
Identity as a topic Social psychological “Weak” “Strong” Economic actor Habitus
Weak identity constructs Authentication, access, permissions Permissions tied to a token Log-in, access to computer systems, credit cards Permissions tied to a (token tied to a) body Passport, Drivers Licence To what extent is the token “tied” to the body?
Strong identity constructs Gender, age, nationality, social class, embodiment, sexuality, trade, profession, taste, domestic circumstances, parentage, offspring To what extent are these individual “essentials” and to what extent are these social “ideals”
Economic actor The problem of “identity theft” Or misassignment Can this apply to other agencies? Political actors? (Cyber war) Domestic actors? (Cyber crimes and misdemeanours) What it it about “us” that might be compromised?
Habitus Concept associated with and developed by Bourdieu Also largely responsible for social capital theory The human phenotype expressing genetic and cultural inheritance in social context(s) Digital habitus
Identity Projects Identity projects are social and contextual: there is a formal relationship between identity and unity. Identity projects do not just take place in the individual. National identity projects are entered into regularly in response to immigration, social order and other cultural entitlements. Identity projects may “... involve efforts to acquire the attributes of an existing social identity...” Such an identity may be “real or mythical”. Or, conversely “There might very well be cases where an individual’s problem is to retain a given social identity against various destructive influences.” (Harre 1983) Digital Identity Projects
Via Helen Keegan
Hybridity Identity components Reconfigurable Multiple identities MPD? Examples Anglo-Welsh, and any other hyphenated descriptor Learner-Teacher Benevolent-Oppressor (colonial/parental) Identity politics
It is not just about logging in I am a person with an institutional identity I have an ATHENS/Shibboleth identity I have access to propositional knowledge I can grant/subvert access controls I belong! I can have this “belonging” taken away
Conflated meanings at the institutional (and demonic) level Weak and strong identity clash in institutions and policy Public discourses on: National identity Immigration Participation and progression Plagiarism
Via Patsy Clarke
Social/particpatory media User-generated content Profiles, semi-persistent public commentary on the profile, and a traversable publicly articulated social network displayed in relation to the profile (danahboyd)
“… a literacy of participation” (Mike Wesch)
Discussion What do you do online? work, learn, shop, civic engagement, play, etc What applications and/or websites do you use Do you use multiple sites for any category of activity? What of your online activity can be said to have an overt element of identity projection Of those sites you use that do NOT have an overt element of identity projection, nevertheless, what might they “say about you”?
Discussion What on-line tools (mediational means) do you use in your personal professional development practice? Why these? What on-line tools (mediational means) do you use in the personal professional development practice, which you develop with others? What are the barriers to adoption?
Discussion What tools (mediational means) developed by the JISC Institutional Innovation Programme have the capacity to be deployed in personal identity projects? Why these? Domains Learning design Mentoring Assessment Employment Portfolios
References Kearns, Ian. 2002. Code Red: Progressive politics in the digital age. London: IPPR. Graham, Steve. 2005. “Software-sorted geographies.” Progress in Human Geography 29 (5): 562-580. http://www.dur.ac.uk/geography/research/research_projects/?mode=pdetail&pdetail=39455 Schmoller, Seb. The software-sorted society. Fortnightly Mailing. http://fm.schmoller.net/2007/01/the_softwaresor.html .