News Media - Changes and Challenges
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News Media - Changes and Challenges

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Presentation on news media in UK and globally to Vietnamese journalism students and editors

Presentation on news media in UK and globally to Vietnamese journalism students and editors

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News Media - Changes and Challenges News Media - Changes and Challenges Presentation Transcript

  • NEWS MEDIAChanges and challenges
    George Brock
    Professor and Head of Journalism
    City University London
    Vietnam, March 2011
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    1
  • Ideas which have shaped journalism in Britain
    Coffee houses
    Separation from the state
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    2
  • Ideas which have shaped journalism in Britain
    Long continuities
    The Spectator, founded 1711
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    3
  • Journalism develops
    Plural competition
    Political controversy
    Regional newspapers built local identities
    Papers preceded political parties
    Technology
    “Mixed economy” of private ownership and regulation
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    4
  • British newspapers in the 20th century
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    5
  • The UK media market gets crowded
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    6
    Radio 1922
    Television 1946
    Cable TV 1960s
    Satellite TV 1989
    Internet 1995
  • Pressures of proliferation
    Fragmentation more significant than conglomeration
    1960: 8 national daily papers, 3 radio stations, 1 TV channel
    2010: 9 national dailies, hundreds of radio stations and TV channels, millions of websites
    Audiences for main TV evening news bulletins have fallen by 50% over 20 years
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    7
  • Newspapers decline: Germany
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    8
    Circulations of newspapers in Germany (in millions)
  • Just holding their own: Australia
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    9
  • Downward: US
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    10
    Circulations of newspapers in the US (in millions)
  • Old certainties disappear
    News moves between platforms
    Shared and swopped between users
    Are bloggers journalists?
    Broad news packages suffer, niche players flourish
    Business is tougher
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    11
  • Not all news media, not worldwide
    The business model which is suffering is daily printed newspapers in Europe and US.
    Even daily newspapers are doing fine in India, China and Brazil.
    Magazines are flourishing
    Terrestrial television news struggles
    Satellite and cable does better
    Radio holds its own (thanks to the internet)
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    12
  • Persistent erosion in circulation (7,5% in 2010)
    Newspaper division only accounts for 14% of the revenue
    Since 2004, for each dollar added to online revenue, the paper lost $5 on print
    Kaplan Education division accounts for 62%
    Without its education unit, the company might have not survived recent years
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    13
  • Washington Post revenues
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    14
  • The Times of London
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    15
  • The Times – print circulation
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    16
  • The newer version
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    17
  • Balancing print and online
    Paper vs digital is over
    A new grammar for news journalism
    Paywall
    But... The advantages of open competition
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    18
  • Dilemmas of the future
    Words
    If anyone can be a journalist, what defines a journalist?
    Rebuilding the idea of journalism: 4 key functions
    Verification, making sense, eye-witness, investigation
    Ethics and training matters!
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    19
  • How much does the UK, Europe and US experience matter?
    Print`s monopoly is gone
    So plan for the future
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    20
  • City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    21
  • City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    22
  • Our experience
    Societies decide what journalism they want
    Journalism has flourished and grown in open societies
    Where power is accountable and the people in charge can be changed (at elections)
    Journalists are rarely popular
    Power of innovation: new ways of sustaining journalism will be found
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    23
  • www.georgebrock.net
    @georgeprof
    www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    City University London www.city.ac.uk/journalism
    24