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Disaster
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Disaster Disaster Presentation Transcript

  • DISASTER MANAGEMENT
    • Ann Merrin George
    • Lecturer
    • Community Health Nursing
    • Medical Trust College Of Nursing
    • Ernakulam, Kerala
  • OBJECTIVES
    • REDUCE THE IMPACT OF DISASTER ON HUMAN LIFE AND HEALTH
    • TO PARTICIPATE IN CO-ORDINATED EFFORTS OF ALL GROUPS
    • TO INITIATE REHABILITATION.
  • LEVELS OF DIASTER PREVENTION
    • PRIMARY PREVENTION
    • SECONDARY PREVENTION
    • TERTIARY PREVENTION
  • PRINCIPLES
    • PREVENTION OF OCCURRENCE
    • MINIMIZING CASUALTY
    • PREVENTING FURTHER CASUALITIES
    • RESCUING THE INJURED
    • PROVIDING FIRST-AID
    • EVACUATING THE INJURED
    • PROVIDING DEFINITIVE CARE
    • FACILITATING RECONSTRUCTION-RECOVERY
  • ASPECTS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT DIASTER MITIGATION DISASTER PREPAREDNESS DIASTER RESPONSE
  • DIASTER CYCLE
  • DIASTER IMPACT AND RESPONSE
    • SEARCH, RESCUE AND FIRST-AID.
  • FIELD-CARE
  •  
  • TRIAGE
    • TAGGING
    • IDENTIFICATION OF DEAD
  • RELIEF PHASE
  • RELIEF PHASE
    • EPIDEMIOLOGIC SURVEILLANCE AND DISEASE CONTROL
    • VACCINATION
    • NUTRITION
  • REHABILITATION
    • WATER SUPPLY
    • FOOD SAFETY
    • BASIC SANITATION AND FOOD SAFETY
    • VECTOR CONTROL
  • DISASTER MITIGATION
    • EMERGENCY PREVENTION AND MITIGATION INVOLVES MEASURES DESIGNED EITHER TO PREVENT HAZARDS FROM CAUSING EMERGENCY OR TO LESSEN THE LIKELY EFFECTS OF EMERGIENCIES.
  • AIMS OF MITIGATION
    • TO REDUCE THE VULNERABILITY OF THE SYSTEM
    • TO ENSURE SAFETY OF HEALTH FACILITIES AND PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES
  •  
  • DEFINITION
    • EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS IS A PROGRAMME OF LONGTERM DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES WHOSE GOALS ARE TO STRENGTHEN THE OVERALL CAPACITY AND CAPABILITY OF ACOUNTRY TO MANAGE
    • EFFICIENTLY ALL TYPES OF EMERGENCY AND BRING ABOUT AN ORDERLY TRANSITION FROM RELIEF THROUGH RECOVERY AND BACK TO SUSTAINED DEVELOPMENT.
  • REASONS FOR COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS
    • MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY HAVE THE MOST TO LOSE FROM BEING VULNERABLE AND THE MOST TO GAIN FROM EMERGENCY PREPEREDNESS.
    • THOSE WHO FIRST RESPOND ARE FROM WITHIN THE COMMUNITY
    • RESOURCES ARE EASILY POOLED IN THE COMMUNITY
    • SUSTAINED DEVELOPMENT CAN BE BEST ACHIEVED BY ALLOWING THEM TO PLAN.