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Disaster
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  • 1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT
  • 2. <ul><li>Ann Merrin George </li></ul><ul><li>Lecturer </li></ul><ul><li>Community Health Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Medical Trust College Of Nursing </li></ul><ul><li>Ernakulam, Kerala </li></ul>
  • 3. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>REDUCE THE IMPACT OF DISASTER ON HUMAN LIFE AND HEALTH </li></ul><ul><li>TO PARTICIPATE IN CO-ORDINATED EFFORTS OF ALL GROUPS </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>TO INITIATE REHABILITATION. </li></ul>
  • 5. LEVELS OF DIASTER PREVENTION <ul><li>PRIMARY PREVENTION </li></ul><ul><li>SECONDARY PREVENTION </li></ul><ul><li>TERTIARY PREVENTION </li></ul>
  • 6. PRINCIPLES <ul><li>PREVENTION OF OCCURRENCE </li></ul><ul><li>MINIMIZING CASUALTY </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTING FURTHER CASUALITIES </li></ul><ul><li>RESCUING THE INJURED </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>PROVIDING FIRST-AID </li></ul><ul><li>EVACUATING THE INJURED </li></ul><ul><li>PROVIDING DEFINITIVE CARE </li></ul><ul><li>FACILITATING RECONSTRUCTION-RECOVERY </li></ul>
  • 8. ASPECTS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT DIASTER MITIGATION DISASTER PREPAREDNESS DIASTER RESPONSE
  • 9. DIASTER CYCLE
  • 10. DIASTER IMPACT AND RESPONSE <ul><li>SEARCH, RESCUE AND FIRST-AID. </li></ul>
  • 11. FIELD-CARE
  • 12.  
  • 13. TRIAGE
  • 14. <ul><li>TAGGING </li></ul><ul><li>IDENTIFICATION OF DEAD </li></ul>
  • 15. RELIEF PHASE
  • 16. RELIEF PHASE <ul><li>EPIDEMIOLOGIC SURVEILLANCE AND DISEASE CONTROL </li></ul><ul><li>VACCINATION </li></ul><ul><li>NUTRITION </li></ul>
  • 17. REHABILITATION <ul><li>WATER SUPPLY </li></ul><ul><li>FOOD SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>BASIC SANITATION AND FOOD SAFETY </li></ul><ul><li>VECTOR CONTROL </li></ul>
  • 18. DISASTER MITIGATION <ul><li>EMERGENCY PREVENTION AND MITIGATION INVOLVES MEASURES DESIGNED EITHER TO PREVENT HAZARDS FROM CAUSING EMERGENCY OR TO LESSEN THE LIKELY EFFECTS OF EMERGIENCIES. </li></ul>
  • 19. AIMS OF MITIGATION <ul><li>TO REDUCE THE VULNERABILITY OF THE SYSTEM </li></ul><ul><li>TO ENSURE SAFETY OF HEALTH FACILITIES AND PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES </li></ul>
  • 20.  
  • 21. DEFINITION <ul><li>EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS IS A PROGRAMME OF LONGTERM DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES WHOSE GOALS ARE TO STRENGTHEN THE OVERALL CAPACITY AND CAPABILITY OF ACOUNTRY TO MANAGE </li></ul>
  • 22. <ul><li>EFFICIENTLY ALL TYPES OF EMERGENCY AND BRING ABOUT AN ORDERLY TRANSITION FROM RELIEF THROUGH RECOVERY AND BACK TO SUSTAINED DEVELOPMENT. </li></ul>
  • 23. REASONS FOR COMMUNITY PREPAREDNESS <ul><li>MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY HAVE THE MOST TO LOSE FROM BEING VULNERABLE AND THE MOST TO GAIN FROM EMERGENCY PREPEREDNESS. </li></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>THOSE WHO FIRST RESPOND ARE FROM WITHIN THE COMMUNITY </li></ul><ul><li>RESOURCES ARE EASILY POOLED IN THE COMMUNITY </li></ul><ul><li>SUSTAINED DEVELOPMENT CAN BE BEST ACHIEVED BY ALLOWING THEM TO PLAN. </li></ul>

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