Land Rover: 65 Years of
In 1947, the Rover Company created the Land
Rover following the aftermath of the World War
II due to the lack of raw materials and because
their original factory in Coventry was destroyed.
They then planned to create a small
economical car for agricultural and military use,
which several decades later became one of the
most sought after 4WD in the industry.
Series I - The first car in production, it was originally
designed for farm and light industrial use and had a steel
box chassis and aluminium body.
Series II - Improved car design, curved side windows and
rounded roof which is still the design used for its modern
counterparts, and the first to use the 2.25L petrol engine.
Series IIA - The same design as the Series II but features a 2.25L
Series IIA Forward Control - The first Land Rover
export type vehicle, mounting the cab over the
engine to have more space at the back.
Series IIB Forward Control - Similar to the IIA Forward Control but
utilized a 2.6L diesel engine and fitted with an improved heavy duty
wide-track axles for better stability.
Series III - Same engine and body and little cosmetic changes, but is
the first Land Rover feature synchromesh on four gears and also has
improved engine power. Most common Series vehicle with around
440,000 built and the 1 millionth vehicle produced by the company was
a Series III.
Stage One V8 - Built using the same components as Series III and
Forward Control it is made from the first stage of investment by the
British Government to improve the Land Rover. Its improvements made
it the first Series III vehicle to have a
permanent 4 wheel drive, and later on gave
birth to the Land Rover 90 and 110)
UK Land Rover Models
Defender - initially called Land Rover 90 and 110 which reflected its
110 inch and 93 inch wheelbase. It featured modernized
mechanisms including a coil springs,
modernised interior and a permanent
Range Rover - a luxury type off-road vehicle
which is the flagship model and later on
became a separate brand name but is still
under Land Rover.
Discovery - introduced in 1989, this vehicle has undergone 4
generations with improvement on its engine and cosmetics on each
Freelander - a compact sport utility vehicle and is now on its 2nd
generation it differs from the other SUV because it uses a
monocoque structure rather than the traditional body-on frame
Range Rover Models
Sport - started production in 2005 and also on its 2nd generation which
featured a supercharged 4.2L all-aluminum Jaguar AJ-V8 engine, cross
linked air suspension and the Land Rover patented Terrain Response
Evoque - the latest Range Rover model and is a compact crossover
utility vehicle (CVU), production started in 2011 and was made to meet
requirements for lower carbon dioxide emissions and fuel economy.
Ever since its creation, Land Rover has undergone different
ownerships, the Rover Company was bought by BMW in
1994 and later in 2000 the Land Rover was sold separately
by BMW to Ford and in 2008 Tata Motors purchased
Jaguar Motors and Land Rover from Ford.