Hello.




             Into The Wild: Breathing New Life into Collections
             September 3, 2009
             Bri...
“e enormous multiplication of books in
                   every branch of knowledge is one of the
                   grea...
“e enormous proliferation of data in
                   every branch of knowledge is one of the
                   greate...
http://flickr.com/photos/beals/63404919/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- Gone are the days of solitary participation in the...
3 Themes
               1. It’s all about increasing access, isn’t it?

               2. Learn to love (and exploit) netw...
2 Projects
               1. The Commons on Flickr
                        An opportunity for public institutions to share...
The Beginning
                               of The Commons on Flickr




                                                ...
http://loc.gov
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- background to relationship
- started working with Michelle Springer and her...
• Over 1 million digital records
                   • Looking for a “Web 2.0”
                     partner
               ...
Why Flickr?




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Almost certainly
                               the best photo site
                                  in the world




Wed...
“A great place to be a photo.”
                                                Bob Baxley



Wednesday, September 9, 2009
...
• Designed specifically to browse and
                     search photographs
                   • An active, engaged commu...
It’s made of people

                                                                                                     ...
http://flickr.com/photos/george/190348207/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- These are my parents, Jeff & Margaret
- This is ...
• Taken on July 8, 2006, in Tofino,
                                                              British Columbia, where m...
Over the last week
                     eclissi, mondfinsternis, maansverduistering, wondercon,
                     moonec...
Over the last week
                     eclissi, mondfinsternis, maansverduistering, wondercon,
                     moonec...
paris
 france
 2006
 olympus
 e500
 color
 demonstration
 CPE
 police
 riot                                               ...
paris
 france
 2006
 olympus
 e500
 color
 demonstration
 CPE
 police
 riot                                               ...
Information Architecture?
                                                                         http://www.flickr.com/ph...
flickr.com/commons

Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- Our pilot with the Library of Congress launched on January the 16th, ju...
What’s it for?
                   • To increase access to public
                     photography collections
            ...
What’s it for?
                   • To increase access to public
                     photography collections
            ...
Launched January 16, 2008
                              27 members so far

Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- When we went li...
My Flickr Tag Cloud



                                  2 weeks old




Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- tags are just key...
My Flickr Tag Cloud



                                    2 weeks old

                                  spends a lot of ...
My Flickr Tag Cloud



                                                     2 weeks old


                                ...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- Here’s how the Library’s tag cloud began, when we went live at about 9:25 Pacific Time, on
...
Monday
                                                                                09:25




Wednesday, September 9, 2...
Monday
                               09:30




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               09:37




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               09:46




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               10:00




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               10:10




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               10:18




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                                                         10:36




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
- link to see All t...
Monday
                                                                10:36
                                             ...
Monday
                                                                10:36
                                             ...
Monday
                                                         10:36




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
- link to see All t...
Monday
                               10:45




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               10:56




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               11:16




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               11:47




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               12:00




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               12:20




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday

                                312:20
                               HOURS




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday

                                       312:20
                                      HOURS




                    ...
Monday
                               12:20




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               12:55




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               13:14




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               14:26




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Monday
                               15:40




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Wednesday
                               17:03




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Thursday
                               10:49




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Thursday
                               24 10:49
                               HOURS




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Thursday
                                      24 10:49
                                      HOURS




                  ...
Thursday
                               10:49




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Thursday
                               14:43




Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Friday
                               17:07




Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- LAST ONE
2.5     Friday
                                        17:07
                                 DAYS




                  2...
Friday
                                                                             17:07




Wednesday, September 9, 2009...
UK Institutions



Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- I thought I could show you examples of the sort of interactions and cre...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/3588772325/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

National Media Museum recently c...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- the collections are curated into 10 sets, around 177 photos in total
- odd coset of Spirit...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmaritimemuseum/3836396959/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- National Maritime Museum in...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- 10 sets, including some photographs documenting life behind the scenes
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmaritimemuseum/2839522578/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmaritimemuseum/2839522578/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- you can see a dialogue betw...
http://www.flickr.com/groups/besidetheseaside/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- this is a Flickr group, which anyone can joi...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- group members were asked to add their submissions to the Flickr group map, a tool that
NMM...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- the NMM exhibition site now houses photos from the group pool displayed in a slideshow,
al...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalgalleries/3102709906/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- National Galleries of Scotland
http://www.flickr.com/groups/flickrcommons/discuss/72157613061097398
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- there is a group on Fli...
“I thought it would be
                   interesting however (at least
                   to myself) to re-shoot some of
...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- this sort of Then and Now photography has been really popular, with absolutely no
encourag...
http://www.paulhagon.com/thenandnow/nypl/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- There is a chap who works at the National Librar...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/llgc/3746176208/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- and finally, the National Library of Wales
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- All entries in both Welsh and English
- links back to records’ pages on the Library site (...
Results?
                                                             http://flickr.com/photos/ntang/21736793/
Wednesday, S...
Generally...
                   •      About 30 million views across
                          about 15,000 photos
       ...
Generally...
                   •      About 30 million views across
                          about 15,000 photos
       ...
http://www.flickr.com/commons/tags/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://flickr.com/commons/tags/smile/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Emergent collec,ons...
79 photos of smiles
http://flickr.com/commons/tags/moustache/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
173 photos tagged with 
moustache
http://www.flickr.com/commons/tags/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Tagged with blimp, zeppelin, dirigible, airship etc
Mayanaut says:
        “Unfortunately, many of the tags on this photo are
        incorrect. it is neither a Zeppelin, nor...
Mayanaut says:
        “I applaud the Library of Congress for allowing
        individuals to add tags, but in this case, ...
Azchael says:
        “@mayanaut: But you wrote a corrective statement,
        which means that a natural control mechani...
Feedback
                                   screenshot




Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- One of the other Commons member...
Feedback                                 Flickr
                                   screenshot
                            ...
The Library of Congress has
                updated 3,266 records in the Prints
                & Photographs Catalog, “ba...
"Street in industrial town in Massachusetts."
                                                                   http://ww...
"Street in industrial town in Massachusetts."
                                                                http://www.fl...
"Street in industrial town in Massachusetts."
                                                                  http://www...
"Street in industrial town in Massachusetts."
                                                                 http://www....
"Street in industrial town in Massachusetts."
                                                                 http://www....
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?fsaall:3:./temp/~pp_2WYG::@@@mdb=fsaall,brum,detr,swann,look,gottscho,pan,horyd,gent...
Current title devised by Library staff based on
                    information provided by the source: Flickr
           ...
“The Flickr Commons project
                 provided Smithsonian staff an
                 excellent opportunity for
    ...
Personal Investment

               Time, labour, thought,
               even code




Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- Th...
http://flickr.com/groups/flickrcommons/discuss/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- 1,025 members, 179 discussion threads in jus...
http://indicommons.org
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
“Indicommons.org isn’t just
                   about about blogging about
                   Flickr Commons–related news,
...
“Indicommons.org isn’t just
                   about about blogging about
                   Flickr Commons–related news,
...
http://indicommons.org
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Greasemonkey + The Commons = “Greased Commons”
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- A Flickr member, clickybd, has developed a ...
From Access to
               Release

               A different mindset; not an
               adversarial position



W...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/3326203787/
                                                        ...
“The very ‘stuff’ of the Web is
           profoundly social and meaningful.
           It thus lets us see that our
     ...
http://flickr.com/photos/carthorse/340434797/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
- Bran talked about affinity this morning... Th...
• How might participating in something
             like Flickr save you time & money?
           • New, global audience
 ...
And now,
               to the second project...




Wednesday, September 9, 2009

-
Open Library


  http://flic.kr/p/4Pg28f
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/albaum/2220505187/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/albaum/2220505187/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/future15/2036935569/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/george/3481337237/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
web.archive.org
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Browse through over 150 billion web pages archived from 1996 to a few months...
archive-it.org
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Archive-It, a subscription service from the Internet Archive, allows institut...
nasaimages.org
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

NASA Images was created through a partnership with NASA to bring public acces...
archive.org/details/texts
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
http://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchive/330205088/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- Many of our scanned books are deliv...
openlibrary.org
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

The overarching goal for Open Library is to have a page on the web for every...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- Every time I do a search, I find amazing bits and pieces...
Culture Shock



  http://flic.kr/p/4yZfXd
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- “Never give your sword to a chick!”

Not only co...
http://flic.kr/p/v5uNz
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

The act of adding a book to a library catalog is a bit like playing te...
http://flic.kr/p/6pmtQL
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

Librarians are humans too. And everyone who’s responsible for putting...
"But here’s a question for you, let’s say you
       have an 856 URL to full text for a serial.
       And you know what d...
Challenges
                   • Dense library metadata
                   • Designed for classic institutional
           ...
What have we got?
                   • Loads of data          23 million records


                   • Small user base   ...
First steps...



Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- the temptation coming in to a new job (or a new archive) is simply to re...
Understand relationships




  http://flic.kr/p/6xCJQS
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

So, what have we got, and how does it ...
Evaluate

                               This is the current form to add a book.
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- Assumes l...
Reach into the network

        twitter.com/openlibrary
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
What if?

                   •Adjacent books...
                          How do you browse a library?



                ...
Small Collections,
                     Lovers of Books
 http://flic.kr/p/34WGhL
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

       Catal...
Small Collections,
                     Lovers of Books
 http://flic.kr/p/34WGhL
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

From my new ...
http://flic.kr/p/6zyU3U
                                                                           Tension?
Wednesday, Sept...
Substrate:
                any surface on which a plant or animal lives or on
                which a material sticks

  h...
What if we consider the library
                 records like that?

  http://flic.kr/p/4itJcB
Wednesday, September 9, 2009...
Deconstruction




 http://flickr.com/photos/tupwanders/3356077817/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

I’ve learned a wee bit ab...
600
      13 $a Marie Antoinette $c Queen, Consort of Louis
      XVI, King of France $d
      1755-1793

      650
      ...
600 (people)
      13 $a Marie Antoinette $c Queen, Consort of Louis
      XVI, King of France $d
      1755-1793

      6...
(people)
      Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI

      (subjects)
      Queens, France, Biography

      (places)
      France,...
Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI, Queens, France,
      Biography, History, 1774-1793, Revolution,
      1789-1799




Wednesda...
Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI, Queens, France,
      Biography, History, 1774-1793, Revolution,
      1789-1799




Wednesda...
As Warburg imagined it, a library
               was above all an accumulation of
               associations, each associ...
Wednesday, September 9, 2009
Subject
  Related subjects




     Books about...




       “Collections”




                               Publishing ...
Subject
  Related subjects




     Books about...




       “Collections”




                                          ...
Release




 http://flickr.com/photos/swamibu/3191787234/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

- launch with what we’ve got

    -...
“Build it so anyone can
       contribute any amount.”
                               Clay Shirky




Wednesday, September...
Connect




Wednesday, September 9, 2009

-   exploring partnerships, connections
-   reach into existing networks
-   Lib...
Observe




  http://flickr.com/photos/odreiuqzide/3195647925/
Wednesday, September 9, 2009

-   see what people do
-   pro...
3 Themes
               1. It’s all about increasing access, isn’t it?

               2. Learn to love (and exploit) netw...
We’re planning to launch
           a rough draft of the
           redesign in late October.

           We’ll polish it ...
Thank You!
                                                          glo@archive.org
                                     ...
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Into The Wild: Breathing New Life Into Collections

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Delivered at the Society of Archivists meeting in Bristol, UK, this is a revised version of the "Into The Wild" talk I gave last year a bit, about the Commons on Flickr. Also mentioned a bit about Open Library, with a sneak peek at the planned redesign.

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Into The Wild: Breathing New Life Into Collections

  1. 1. Hello. Into The Wild: Breathing New Life into Collections September 3, 2009 Bristol, England http://flickr.com/photos/baboon/405064021/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Thank you for having me... and thank you to Martin for asking me to come. It’s been interesting to hear from the archives side of the LAM equation.I’m completely in love with the cultural heritage sector at large, so it’s only appropriate that I get to know some archivists too. - I am a web designer by trade, and was the lead designer of a big photosharing communitity called Flickr, and now am Director of a project called Open Library, run out of San Francisco, California. - Most of my work experience is in front-end software design and virtual community building. I’m always keen to reveal the humans behind any process or system, and hope that this desire leads to more interesting and usable software.
  2. 2. “e enormous multiplication of books in every branch of knowledge is one of the greatest evils of this age, since it represents one of the most serious obstacles to the acquisition of correct information by throwing in the reader’s way piles of lumber in which he must painfully grope for the scraps of useful matter, peradventure interspersed.” - Edgar Allan Poe, c. 1844 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 I want to try to set the tone for my talk with a quote... about proliferation of information
  3. 3. “e enormous proliferation of data in every branch of knowledge is one of the greatest opportunities of this age, since it represents one of the most serious obstacles to the acquisition of correct information by throwing in the reader’s way piles of lumber in which he must painfully grope for the scraps of useful matter, peradventure interspersed.” - Edgar Allan Poe, c. 2009 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 I’m not sure that’s a problem. I see it as an opportunity.
  4. 4. http://flickr.com/photos/beals/63404919/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Gone are the days of solitary participation in the cultural heritage sector... The broadcast model is being stretched into something else - Your audience are now ACTORs. Creators and participants - The audience can affect what is shown and how it is represented
  5. 5. 3 Themes 1. It’s all about increasing access, isn’t it? 2. Learn to love (and exploit) networks 3. Institutional knowledge as substrate Wednesday, September 9, 2009 There are hopefully 3 themes threaded through my presentation today...
  6. 6. 2 Projects 1. The Commons on Flickr An opportunity for public institutions to share their photography archives in an existing photo-sharing community of some 30 million people 2. Open Library A project of the Internet Archive; an open, editable library catalogue containing some 23 million records, providing access to some 1.1 million scanned books Wednesday, September 9, 2009 And I’d like to talk about 2 projects I’ve worked on, which hopefully reinforce the 3 themes I just mentioned...
  7. 7. The Beginning of The Commons on Flickr http://flickr.com/photos/marko_k/132719753/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  8. 8. http://loc.gov Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - background to relationship - started working with Michelle Springer and her team of 8 or so in July last year - librarians, cataloguers, strategy group, web devs - really helped to have a cross-functional team involved early
  9. 9. • Over 1 million digital records • Looking for a “Web 2.0” partner http://loc.gov Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - background to relationship - started working with Michelle Springer and her team of 8 or so in July 2007 - librarians, cataloguers, strategy group, web devs - really helped to have a cross-functional team involved early
  10. 10. Why Flickr? Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  11. 11. Almost certainly the best photo site in the world Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  12. 12. “A great place to be a photo.” Bob Baxley Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - arguably the world’s best photosharing site
  13. 13. • Designed specifically to browse and search photographs • An active, engaged community with a deep connection to photography • An infrastructure big enough to support hosting 3 billion photos • 50 million unique visits per month • Available in 8 languages Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - but, above all,
  14. 14. It’s made of people http://flickr.com/photos/carthorse/340434797/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - people who socialise, argue, explore, participate, observe... all the things that regular people do - they also happen to organize their photos, and without even necessarily realising it, contribute to a greater pool of knowledge and content, now in the billions of photographs. - for example...
  15. 15. http://flickr.com/photos/george/190348207/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - These are my parents, Jeff & Margaret - This is shameless exploitation of my parental bond, but...
  16. 16. • Taken on July 8, 2006, in Tofino, British Columbia, where my brother Andrew married Laurel. • Tagged with holga, dad, mum, tofino, family, myparents, oates • Shot with a Holga camera • In my “Fa mill lee” set, which is part of my “Humans” collection. • In “The Oates Family” group, which contains 45 photos. The group has 5 members. • In the “Andy & Laurel Get Married” group, which contains 251 photos of the wedding by 6 other photographers. The group has 34 members. http://flickr.com/photos/george/190348207/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Apart from being a lovely photo of both of them, this is also an example of a “broad context” - You can see on the right that I’ve highlighted in blue all the links that this photo has into other parts of Flickr: the date it was taken, etc - All of these provide “support” for the photo’s position on Flickr, and also provides jumping points to see more related pictures in a variety of different directions - It’s almost as if all this metadata provides some sort of surface tension that prevents the photo from sinking into the depths of obscurity amongst these billions of photos
  17. 17. Over the last week eclissi, mondfinsternis, maansverduistering, wondercon, mooneclipse, totaleclipse, lunarossa, eclipselunar, beyondbroadcast, approm, shrove, losangelesmarathon, kiwifoo, lunareclipse, womensday, totallunareclipse, eclipse  http://flickr.com/photos/rhys400d/409242012/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - In the broader Flickr context -- I mean the whole dataset -- tags emerge to represent news and events, and other things of a certain scale... - This is an example of our “hot tags” list, around the time of the last lunar eclipse...
  18. 18. Over the last week eclissi, mondfinsternis, maansverduistering, wondercon, mooneclipse, totaleclipse, lunarossa, eclipselunar, beyondbroadcast, approm, shrove, losangelesmarathon, kiwifoo, lunareclipse, womensday, totallunareclipse, eclipse  http://flickr.com/photos/rhys400d/409242012/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - You can see that the eclipse has firstly emerged as an event of “photographic note”, and - You can see that Flickr now holds information about what a lunar eclipse means in several languages - This is not information that was ever overtly requested, or organized in any way, post creation... The information practically flows together, accumulated by sheer volume
  19. 19. paris france 2006 olympus e500 color demonstration CPE police riot Events protest matraque top-v1000 top-f25 photojournalism top-v2000 stick nightstick top-v3000 f40 http://flickr.com/photos/hughes_leglise/120006771/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 To give you a sense of the sort of emergence that weʼve seen with information architecture... Hereʼs a photo from the riots in Paris back in March ʼ06
  20. 20. paris france 2006 olympus e500 color demonstration CPE police riot Events protest matraque top-v1000 top-f25 photojournalism top-v2000 stick nightstick top-v3000 f40 http://flickr.com/photos/hughes_leglise/120006771/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - These are tags that have to do with the number of views this photo has had - And how many people have marked it as a favourite. - Clicking on these photos would show you photos with the same attirubutes
  21. 21. Information Architecture? http://www.flickr.com/photos/blmurch/90083317/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - We’re dealing with a swirling tide of information that ebbs and flows. - People don’t fit into tidy boxes, and nor do their photos or the language they use to describe them. - But, back to The Commons...
  22. 22. flickr.com/commons Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Our pilot with the Library of Congress launched on January the 16th, just before 9:30am
  23. 23. What’s it for? • To increase access to public photography collections • To gather information about them • To share this new data Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - We’ve established the objectives of the program...
  24. 24. What’s it for? • To increase access to public photography collections • To gather information about them • To share this new data Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - We’ve established the objectives of the program...
  25. 25. Launched January 16, 2008 27 members so far Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - When we went live, we were immediately stunned by the response of the community - We positioned the program as a way to see new content, but also to help describe it... whether with tags or annotations on the photo or comments
  26. 26. My Flickr Tag Cloud 2 weeks old Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - tags are just keywords, or phrases - you can add tags to your own photos, and you can also choose to allow other Flickr members to add tags to your photos. e.g. allow friends - this page lists the 150 tags Iʼve used the most -The size of the text equates to the number of photos tagged with each word - interesting thing here is that you can infer things about my photos (and me) without looking at any content
  27. 27. My Flickr Tag Cloud 2 weeks old spends a lot of time here Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - interesting thing here is that you can infer things about my photos (and me) without looking at any content
  28. 28. My Flickr Tag Cloud 2 weeks old and here Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - interesting thing here is that you can infer things about my photos (and me) without looking at any content
  29. 29. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Here’s how the Library’s tag cloud began, when we went live at about 9:25 Pacific Time, on Wednesday January 16...
  30. 30. Monday 09:25 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - I was thrilled that the Library team had decided to go with a blank slate, more or less... - The impression it gave was one of openess, exploration and trust
  31. 31. Monday 09:30 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  32. 32. Monday 09:37 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  33. 33. Monday 09:46 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  34. 34. Monday 10:00 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  35. 35. Monday 10:10 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  36. 36. Monday 10:18 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  37. 37. Monday 10:36 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - link to see All the Tags Iʼve ever added down below.
  38. 38. Monday 10:36 1 HOUR Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - link to see All the Tags Iʼve ever added down below.
  39. 39. Monday 10:36 1 HOUR 150 TAGS Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - link to see All the Tags Iʼve ever added down below.
  40. 40. Monday 10:36 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - link to see All the Tags Iʼve ever added down below.
  41. 41. Monday 10:45 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  42. 42. Monday 10:56 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  43. 43. Monday 11:16 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  44. 44. Monday 11:47 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  45. 45. Monday 12:00 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  46. 46. Monday 12:20 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  47. 47. Monday 312:20 HOURS Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  48. 48. Monday 312:20 HOURS 767 TAGS Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  49. 49. Monday 12:20 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  50. 50. Monday 12:55 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  51. 51. Monday 13:14 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  52. 52. Monday 14:26 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  53. 53. Monday 15:40 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  54. 54. Wednesday 17:03 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  55. 55. Thursday 10:49 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  56. 56. Thursday 24 10:49 HOURS Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  57. 57. Thursday 24 10:49 HOURS 11,000 TAGS Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  58. 58. Thursday 10:49 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  59. 59. Thursday 14:43 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  60. 60. Friday 17:07 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - LAST ONE
  61. 61. 2.5 Friday 17:07 DAYS 20,000 TAGS Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - LAST ONE
  62. 62. Friday 17:07 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 So now, without even seeing any of the photos, I can get a sense of that’s in the collection. - All without guidance or rules, just people describing what they see, using words they know.
  63. 63. UK Institutions Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - I thought I could show you examples of the sort of interactions and creativity that’s happening with UK content, just because, well, it’s local
  64. 64. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmediamuseum/3588772325/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 National Media Museum recently celebrated its 1 year anniversary. Somewhere around 960,000 views across their account! Henry Essenhigh Corke (1883-1919); Autochrome
  65. 65. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - the collections are curated into 10 sets, around 177 photos in total - odd coset of Spirit Photographs particularly interesting to people
  66. 66. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmaritimemuseum/3836396959/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - National Maritime Museum in Greenwich - Joined last year, about 315 photos - Fiona will tell you more when she talks in a moment, but I spotted a couple of good examples about NMM reaching in to the Flickr community...
  67. 67. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - 10 sets, including some photographs documenting life behind the scenes
  68. 68. Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  69. 69. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmaritimemuseum/2839522578/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  70. 70. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalmaritimemuseum/2839522578/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - you can see a dialogue between an interested punter and the institution.
  71. 71. http://www.flickr.com/groups/besidetheseaside/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - this is a Flickr group, which anyone can join to share their photos of the British seaside - 400 members, 4300 photos
  72. 72. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - group members were asked to add their submissions to the Flickr group map, a tool that NMM didn’t have to build, but could make use of
  73. 73. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - the NMM exhibition site now houses photos from the group pool displayed in a slideshow, alongside the exhibition snapshots
  74. 74. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationalgalleries/3102709906/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - National Galleries of Scotland
  75. 75. http://www.flickr.com/groups/flickrcommons/discuss/72157613061097398 Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - there is a group on Flickr run by the Flickr community, where a chap who lives in Edinburgh joined the group and created this thread...
  76. 76. “I thought it would be interesting however (at least to myself) to re-shoot some of the old photos (as closely as patience and access allowed) to get a side by side comparison and see exactly how much or how little the city had changed. Enjoy!” Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - there is a group on Flickr run by the Flickr community, where a chap who lives in Edinburgh joined the group and created this thread...
  77. 77. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - this sort of Then and Now photography has been really popular, with absolutely no encouragement!
  78. 78. http://www.paulhagon.com/thenandnow/nypl/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - There is a chap who works at the National Library of Australia called Paul Hagon, who decided to write a mashup that shows Commons photos on a map, and Google street view alongside, so you can see then and now. He’s integrated 4 Commons institutions into the map, and the State Records of NSW too, who aren’t in the Commons, but presumably have similar geodata
  79. 79. http://www.flickr.com/photos/llgc/3746176208/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - and finally, the National Library of Wales
  80. 80. Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  81. 81. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - All entries in both Welsh and English - links back to records’ pages on the Library site (this is common practice)
  82. 82. Results? http://flickr.com/photos/ntang/21736793/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 (Incidentally, this photo is called “20 yards, first time”)
  83. 83. Generally... • About 30 million views across about 15,000 photos • “Well-behaved” • Emergent “collections” • Growing interest • Re-use, proliferation, useful information (!) Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  84. 84. Generally... • About 30 million views across about 15,000 photos • “Well-behaved” • Emergent “collections” • Growing interest • Re-use, proliferation, useful information (!) Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  85. 85. http://www.flickr.com/commons/tags/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  86. 86. http://flickr.com/commons/tags/smile/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Emergent collec,ons... 79 photos of smiles
  87. 87. http://flickr.com/commons/tags/moustache/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 173 photos tagged with  moustache
  88. 88. http://www.flickr.com/commons/tags/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  89. 89. Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  90. 90. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Tagged with blimp, zeppelin, dirigible, airship etc
  91. 91. Mayanaut says: “Unfortunately, many of the tags on this photo are incorrect. it is neither a Zeppelin, nor a dirigible. Barrage balloons were not manufactured by the Zeppelin company, nor did they utilize helium as their lifting gas.” Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Someone pipes up to say...
  92. 92. Mayanaut says: “I applaud the Library of Congress for allowing individuals to add tags, but in this case, such incorrect tags are merely contributing to historical inaccuracies.” Wednesday, September 9, 2009 BEHAVE MORE LIKE AN INSTITUTION! (But the effect of that discussion is educa,on nonetheless. I mean, I’d never even heard of a “dirigible”!)
  93. 93. Azchael says: “@mayanaut: But you wrote a corrective statement, which means that a natural control mechanism is taking place and those interested [will] find the right information.” Wednesday, September 9, 2009 interes,ng self‐correc,on... without modera,on
  94. 94. Feedback screenshot Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - One of the other Commons members, the Powerhouse Museum in Sydney, has actually begun re-ingesting tags added on Flickr into their own internal systems
  95. 95. Feedback Flickr screenshot Tags Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - One of the other Commons members, the Powerhouse Museum in Sydney, has actually begun re-ingesting tags added on Flickr into their own internal systems
  96. 96. The Library of Congress has updated 3,266 records in the Prints & Photographs Catalog, “based on information provided by the Flickr Commons project, 2008,” with more to come. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Almost the most exciting thing for me is that participating institutions are starting to take back feedback that’s useful to their catalogues... - Whether it’s a simple link to the photograph’s page on Flickr, or an actual catalogue update...
  97. 97. "Street in industrial town in Massachusetts." http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178249475/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 This was a photo LC added to the Commons, and it’s initial title was...
  98. 98. "Street in industrial town in Massachusetts." http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178249475/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 A speculative comment, suggests the location of the tea room.
  99. 99. "Street in industrial town in Massachusetts." http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178249475/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Anty Diluvian confirms that this is indeed the corner of School & Main streets in Brockton, Massechusetts. And provides a bunch of other context for the photograph.
  100. 100. "Street in industrial town in Massachusetts." http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178249475/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Josh Glenn pipes up with a ton of extra information about Sylvia’s Sweets Tea Room...
  101. 101. "Street in industrial town in Massachusetts." http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/2178249475/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Perhaps best of all, THE Library of Congress responds to say thank you.
  102. 102. http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?fsaall:3:./temp/~pp_2WYG::@@@mdb=fsaall,brum,detr,swann,look,gottscho,pan,horyd,genthe,var,cai,cd,hh,yan,lomax,ils,prok,brhc,nclc, matpc,iucpub,tgmi,lamb,hec,krb Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Here’s the LC record on loc.gov
  103. 103. Current title devised by Library staff based on information provided by the source: Flickr Commons project, 2008. The FSA or OWI agency caption was "Street in industrial town in Massachusetts." Additional information about this photograph might be available through the Flickr Commons project at http://www.flickr.com/photos/ library_of_congress/2178249475 http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D?fsaall:3:./temp/~pp_2WYG::@@@mdb=fsaall,brum,detr,swann,look,gottscho,pan,horyd,genthe,var,cai,cd,hh,yan,lomax,ils,prok,brhc,nclc, matpc,iucpub,tgmi,lamb,hec,krb Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  104. 104. “The Flickr Commons project provided Smithsonian staff an excellent opportunity for collaborations between our different museums and researcher centers.” http://smithsonianlibraries.si.edu/smithsonianlibraries/2008/06/smithsonian-lib.html Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - The team assembled were all volunteers too, just by the way.
  105. 105. Personal Investment Time, labour, thought, even code Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - This is probably just semantics, but using the word “access”, as in ‘we need to increase access’ assumes some sort of barrier, or a right of entry
  106. 106. http://flickr.com/groups/flickrcommons/discuss/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - 1,025 members, 179 discussion threads in just over a month - entirely community-driven (though staff now participate)
  107. 107. http://indicommons.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  108. 108. “Indicommons.org isn’t just about about blogging about Flickr Commons–related news, showcasing Commons-related research and community- generated ‘subcuration’. We’re also active in creating new tools to follow, search and sort the Commons collections.” http://indicommons.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  109. 109. “Indicommons.org isn’t just about about blogging about Flickr Commons–related news, showcasing Commons-related research and community- generated ‘subcuration’. We’re also active in creating new tools to follow, search and sort the Commons collections.” http://indicommons.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  110. 110. http://indicommons.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  111. 111. Greasemonkey + The Commons = “Greased Commons” Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - A Flickr member, clickybd, has developed a couple of fantastic scripts to help people brose the Commons more easily. - And, here’s an interesting way to reward and thank the people who make the effort...
  112. 112. From Access to Release A different mindset; not an adversarial position Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - This is probably just semantics, but using the word “access”, as in ‘we need to increase access’ assumes some sort of barrier, or a right of entry
  113. 113. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/3326203787/ http://flickr.com/photos/daveynin/560170975/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Can institutions cultivate a genuine intent to release content to the web? - Internal benefits may include: - saving time - attracting new
  114. 114. “The very ‘stuff’ of the Web is profoundly social and meaningful. It thus lets us see that our traditional realism is not only wrong but dreadfully alienating.” - David Weinberger, Small Pieces Loosely Joined http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/3326203787/ http://flickr.com/photos/daveynin/560170975/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Can institutions cultivate a genuine intent to release content to the web? - Internal benefits may include: - saving time - attracting new
  115. 115. http://flickr.com/photos/carthorse/340434797/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Bran talked about affinity this morning... That’s basically what Flickr is - an “affinity engine” - a place where people share knowledge voluntarily, Commons or not !
  116. 116. • How might participating in something like Flickr save you time & money? • New, global audience • Attract new information, new curation, new insight • Born-digital memory creation • Potential to direct digitisation efforts • Cross-institutional collaboration http://flickr.com/photos/carthorse/340434797/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - People have referred to Flickr as an “Affinity Engine” - a place where people of ! like minds can “meet” and talk about what they’re interested in. - When you’re talking about a virtual society of some 30 million people, there is plenty of variation, and many affinities. - Instead of seeing this as meaningless chatter, perhaps conceiving of it as a resource to enhance your collection is the way to go. - A lot of the interest may be mundane, yet amongst the rocks you’ll find the occasional diamond. Just another, new channel to help you in your quest to enhance your own data.
  117. 117. And now, to the second project... Wednesday, September 9, 2009 -
  118. 118. Open Library http://flic.kr/p/4Pg28f Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  119. 119. http://www.flickr.com/photos/albaum/2220505187/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  120. 120. http://www.flickr.com/photos/albaum/2220505187/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  121. 121. http://www.flickr.com/photos/future15/2036935569/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  122. 122. http://www.flickr.com/photos/george/3481337237/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  123. 123. web.archive.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Browse through over 150 billion web pages archived from 1996 to a few months ago.
  124. 124. archive-it.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Archive-It, a subscription service from the Internet Archive, allows institutions to build and preserve collections of born digital content. Collections are hosted at the Internet Archive data center and are accessible to the public with full-text search.
  125. 125. nasaimages.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009 NASA Images was created through a partnership with NASA to bring public access to NASA's image, video, and audio collections in a single, searchable resource.
  126. 126. archive.org/details/texts Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  127. 127. Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  128. 128. http://www.flickr.com/photos/internetarchive/330205088/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Many of our scanned books are delivered on the One Laptop Per Child machines...
  129. 129. openlibrary.org Wednesday, September 9, 2009 The overarching goal for Open Library is to have a page on the web for every book ever published. Not just its editable catalogue record, but links to all sorts of resources on the broader web as well. We have gathered about 30 million records (20 million are available through the site now) from people like the Library of Congress, University of Toronto, TALIS here in the UK and others, with more are on the way. We have built the database infrastructure and the wiki interface, and you can search millions of book records, narrow results by facet, and search across the full text of 1 million scanned books.
  130. 130. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Every time I do a search, I find amazing bits and pieces...
  131. 131. Culture Shock http://flic.kr/p/4yZfXd Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - “Never give your sword to a chick!” Not only coming from a corporate environment into a non-profit where: IA - Open, open, open - not just API, but bug system, mailing lists, Wiki - Longevity by design But also, Open Library is built on top of 150 years of librarianship - NOT messy - Lots of clever people thinking about it What does an armchair sociologist (ie, me) think about libraries?
  132. 132. http://flic.kr/p/v5uNz Wednesday, September 9, 2009 The act of adding a book to a library catalog is a bit like playing tetris.
  133. 133. http://flic.kr/p/6pmtQL Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Librarians are humans too. And everyone who’s responsible for putting books into a catalogue must work within patterns. Patterns that have grown semantically remarkable and deeply complex.
  134. 134. "But here’s a question for you, let’s say you have an 856 URL to full text for a serial. And you know what date ranges it covers. What sub-field would you put that in? $3 or $z? I see it in both." Jonathan Rochkind, Bibliographic Wilderness http://flic.kr/p/6pmtQL Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  135. 135. Challenges • Dense library metadata • Designed for classic institutional search/retrieve practice • Data is very “dry”, often of poor quality • No insight into the community Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Coming in cold... here were a few things that struck me...
  136. 136. What have we got? • Loads of data 23 million records • Small user base < 20,000 • Small team 6 people • Small architecture 12 servers • Good framework infogami, web.py Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - But, there were also some good things!!
  137. 137. First steps... Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - the temptation coming in to a new job (or a new archive) is simply to rearrange everything. - I’m afraid I’ve succumbed to temptation in this particular case, but hopefully it’s not completely unfounded :)
  138. 138. Understand relationships http://flic.kr/p/6xCJQS Wednesday, September 9, 2009 So, what have we got, and how does it all inter-relate? Any relationship can be made into a hyperlink.
  139. 139. Evaluate This is the current form to add a book. Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - Assumes library knowledge
  140. 140. Reach into the network twitter.com/openlibrary Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  141. 141. What if? •Adjacent books... How do you browse a library? •Not efficiency, but effectiveness (conversation broker, records improve over time) - Shirky •Not a purchasing engine Resist defaulting to the Amazon model Wednesday, September 9, 2009 If you haven’t heard of Clay Shirky yet, please make sure you look into his work if you’re interested to enter the Great Unknown. He has though a lot about what it means to open yourself up to normal humans, and also about how ready they are to help you.
  142. 142. Small Collections, Lovers of Books http://flic.kr/p/34WGhL Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Catalogues from book lovers who may not be professional librarians Effective & Personal Inefficient & Charming, Detailed Actually a lot more like archivists in behaviour, than librarians
  143. 143. Small Collections, Lovers of Books http://flic.kr/p/34WGhL Wednesday, September 9, 2009 From my new favourite blog called “A Working Library” written by Mandy Brown. She’s written a review of my new favourite book called “A Library at Night” by Alberto Manguel, A series of meandering essays on the subject of the library.: Aby Warburg’s library opened in Hamburg in 1926. In Manguel’s telling, Warburg incessantly arranged and rearranged his books, moving titles from shelf to shelf in an attempt to map the paths among them. Visitors spoke of books of literature shelved next to those on geography, art history leaning against philosophy. At one point, unable to move the books at the speed of his mind, Warburg resorted to tacking notecards to a cloth—each card relating a text or image, their placement on the cloth relating them to other texts. The cards could be lifted and moved around at will—a visualization of the ongoing, cacophonous conversation around them. His was a library as creative act—it exchanged the rigor of a single taxonomy for one that was fluid, eccentric, human. In so doing he delayed the act of finding a text indefinitely. You didn’t so much as look for a book as look for the thread that linked it to its neighbor; you didn’t rest on a single title, but instead travelled through them all, assured that wherever you were going, you would never arrive.
  144. 144. http://flic.kr/p/6zyU3U Tension? Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - There is, of course, the divide between professional librarians and book lovers.
  145. 145. Substrate: any surface on which a plant or animal lives or on which a material sticks http://flic.kr/p/4itJcB Wednesday, September 9, 2009 There’s also an alternate definition which suggests a substrate is catalytic; something that facilitates a reaction.
  146. 146. What if we consider the library records like that? http://flic.kr/p/4itJcB Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - The trick is, these records are like a new language. To use them and operate within them requires specific training. While this is not necessarily a bad thing, and experts are wonderful, it means that people like me (reasonably clever, been to Uni) can’t make use of them.
  147. 147. Deconstruction http://flickr.com/photos/tupwanders/3356077817/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 I’ve learned a wee bit about the history of library metadata... And museum metadata for that matter.... It seems like the 1960s are a bit of a blight for human understanding, since that’s the time when we got all excited about computers and their processing power, and seemingly overwrote a lot of the crafty, poetic description and allusion that was done to describe cultural works, in favour of the Tetris approach. What happens if you blow it up?
  148. 148. 600 13 $a Marie Antoinette $c Queen, Consort of Louis XVI, King of France $d 1755-1793 650 2 $a Queens $z France $v Biography 1 $a Queens $z France $x Biography 651 2 $a France $x History $y Louis XVI, 1774-1793 1 $a France $x History $y Revolution, 1789-1799 1 $a France $x Queens $x Biography Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - I don’t want Open Library to jettison librarianship, or neglect to acknowledge the brilliant hard work of librarians over the years... - You could argue that this sort of computer-y librarianship (or any type of “educated classification”) was (perhaps unintentionally) designed to obscure the personal... the practical... the human - How might we adapt or extend (or revert?) this librarians’ work to appeal to a broader audience? - Let’s see what happens when you explode Library of Congress Subject Headings. This data isn’t even in Open Library - we borrowed it from loc.gov then pulled out the dynamite...
  149. 149. 600 (people) 13 $a Marie Antoinette $c Queen, Consort of Louis XVI, King of France $d 1755-1793 650 (subjects) 2 $a Queens $z France $v Biography 1 $a Queens $z France $x Biography 651 (places) 2 $a France $x History $y Louis XVI, 1774-1793 1 $a France $x History $y Revolution, 1789-1799 1 $a France $x Queens $x Biography Wednesday, September 9, 2009 These numbers are subsections of a thing called a MARC record - MAchine-Readable Cataloging Since librarianship is “diabolically rational” of course, everything is in it’s place, whether it’s a reference to a person, a place, a thing, an author or, whatever...
  150. 150. (people) Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI (subjects) Queens, France, Biography (places) France, History, Louis XVI, 1774-1793, Revolution, 1789-1799, Queens, Biography Wednesday, September 9, 2009 So, if we get rid of all that machine readable gumpf, we start to have things that humans can parse as well...
  151. 151. Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI, Queens, France, Biography, History, 1774-1793, Revolution, 1789-1799 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  152. 152. Marie Antoinette, Louis XVI, Queens, France, Biography, History, 1774-1793, Revolution, 1789-1799 Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  153. 153. As Warburg imagined it, a library was above all an accumulation of associations, each association breeding a new image or text to be associated, until the associations returned the reader to the first page. For Warburg, every library was circular. http://aworkinglibrary.com/library/archives/on_the_library/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  154. 154. Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  155. 155. Subject Related subjects Books about... “Collections” Publishing over Related authors time Information from If it’s a place, the network show a map! Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  156. 156. Subject Related subjects Books about... “Collections” Publishing over Related authors time openlibrary.org/subjects/places/bordeaux Information from If it’s a place, the network show a map! Wednesday, September 9, 2009 Give it a URL
  157. 157. Release http://flickr.com/photos/swamibu/3191787234/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - launch with what we’ve got - the records are still the same... just easier to skip around - allow people to collect books around them, and then share or export that collection
  158. 158. “Build it so anyone can contribute any amount.” Clay Shirky Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  159. 159. Connect Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - exploring partnerships, connections - reach into existing networks - Library Thing, Good Reads, open source systems, etc - open data, improve API
  160. 160. Observe http://flickr.com/photos/odreiuqzide/3195647925/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009 - see what people do - provide tools to let people see what everyone else is doing - monitor activity, like popular records, top editors, sign ups per day etc - and ABOVE ALL, participate!!!
  161. 161. 3 Themes 1. It’s all about increasing access, isn’t it? 2. Learn to love (and exploit) networks 3. Institutional knowledge as substrate Wednesday, September 9, 2009 There are hopefully 3 themes threaded through my presentation today...
  162. 162. We’re planning to launch a rough draft of the redesign in late October. We’ll polish it into the future. Wednesday, September 9, 2009
  163. 163. Thank You! glo@archive.org slideshare.net/george08 http://flickr.com/photos/roadsidepictures/244926428/ Wednesday, September 9, 2009

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