Examples of enquiry seen and/or used during teaching practice.
The enquiry process
ask geographical questions justify conclusions creative ways of using and applying geographical skills plan enquiries solve problems and make decisions essential skills and processes in geography that pupils need to learn to make progress QCA (2007a) Programme of study : Geography key stage 3 http://www.qca.org.uk/secondarycurriculumreview/subject/ks3/geography/index.htm National Curriculum
http://curriculum.qca.org.uk/uploads/PLTS_framework_tcm8-1811.pdf?return=/key-stages-3-and-4/skills/plts/index.aspx Personal, learning and thinking skills (PLTS)
Enquiry? ‘ In my opinion geographical enquiry is poorly understood but is the heart of geographical thinking. For me it is the framework that geographers use to understand the complex world’ Tom Biebrach, Head of Geography ‘ To me the point of an enquiry is to find an answer that you don't yet know. You can only have a worthwhile enquiry if you have a worthwhile question that is capable of being answered’ Ian Murray, Geography Photos ‘ Finding out why and how‘ Head of Humanities Harry Carlton School … enquiry must be part of every lesson…
How do I go about a geographical enquiry? Publish Produce your work Select the best Information Gather Information Ask questions Start Here Who? Where? When? Why? What? How? What do you need to find out? How will you present the information? BIAS For and Against Audience PowerPoint, Publisher, Poster, Oral, Visual, Play, podcast, Video, Report.. Improve http://flickr.com/photos/milivoj Evaluate Questions answered? Criteria met? No Yes
http://flickr.com/photos/emagic/51069522/sizes/l/ Closed Structured Open
Geography detectives In your exercise books describe what you will see in the bottom of this image
What has happened?
You my ask only 10 questions
Think carefully about your questions
Listen to other peoples questions
Why is Mr Rogers so happy?
Getting information from a photograph
Using Flickr to generate questions... http://flickr.com/photos/eppstein/466553161/sizes/o/
What’s the mystery topic? Astounding new figures show record numbers of migrants are crossing the world in search of better lifestyles. Should they be welcomed? Are they parasites? Or should they all go back to where they came from? That’s back to Britain by the way…..
Pupil voice – GCSE Changes
What would you like to study at GCSE?
Why aren’t we allowed to hang out where we want to? New houses are being build where we used to play! Why are the shops changing? Priory pupils – what do they want to know?
http://flickr.com/photos/deia/51755512/sizes/o/ Identify opportunities for enquiry
Topicality How could we use enquiry to investigate this issue?
Pupil speak assessments - animal Level I have... 3
given my animal basic labels e.g. ‘claws’ or ‘brown fir’.
not linked my animal to the tropical rainforest.
given my animal descriptive labels using geographical words linked to the rainforest.
linked my animal to one tropical rainforest feature e.g. Climate or dense vegetation
given basic reasons for your animals features
given my animal labels that explain how it is linked to the tropical rainforest e.g. Small body size means that the animal can move easily through the dense vegetation found in the shrub layer.
Linked my animal to at least 3 rainforest characteristics
As level 5 plus:
have compared my animal to existing tropical rainforest animals.
explained how people could endanger my animal
For such a celebrated site, Stonehenge has seen a surprising amount of upheaval over recent years. The tense stand-offs between solstice-goers and police have been replaced by a fresh controversy over the alleged mismanagement of the World Heritage site. Hemmed in by busy roads and wire barricades, jammed with visitors throughout the summer, and underscored by a cacophony of roaring traffic, it's a long way from the haven of peace and spiritual tranquillity most visitors expect to find, and was even described by one government department as a 'national disgrace'. Thankfully, plans are afoot to reinvent the Stonehenge experience. Lonely Planet, 2008. http://www.lonelyplanet.com/worldguide/england/sights/5185?list=true Assessing enquiry - Stonehenge
‘ If Stonehenge be then, as it is, a universal curiosity, for us Englishmen it is one of the three things in our island – the other two are Land’s End and Hadrian’s Wall – which each of us must see once in his life; it is a place of pilgrimage very sympathetic to this age, for Stonehenge is the shrine of an unknown God. ...it stands wholly within the shadow, over the horizon not only of history, but of legend, an aloof and inexplicable thing rising from the plain between the sky and the grass...’ The Highways and Byways of Britain. David Milner. ‘ Things had changed at Stonehenge since I was last there in the early seventies. They’ve built a smart new gift shop and coffee bar, though there is still no interpretation centre, which is entirely understandable. This is, after all, merely the most important prehistoric monument in Europe and one of the dozen most visited tourist attractions in England, ....’ Notes from a Small Island. Bill Bryson These are taken from two travel guides. Which one is the older extract? Why? 1897 - 1948 1993
Produce a comic strip that describes some of the geographical issues at Stonehenge Ideas: Use this space to record ideas
What to include?
Photos / drawings showing how amazing Stonehenge is
Photos / drawings showing some of the problems with Stonehenge
Opinions of different people who like and dislike Stonehenge
There is masses of information about Stonehenge. Try starting with some of these:
Google Earth File and Flickr photos: http://www.juicygeography.co.uk/stonehenge.htm#activity
http://daviderogers.blogspot.com www.flickr.com Great for Creative Commons images www.slideshare.net youtube for PPT files good for peer assessment www.wordle.net Word clouds www.surveymonkey.com Get pupil voice GE-Graph www.sln.org.uk/geography http://olliebray.com Change is inevitable - except from a vending machine. ~Robert C. Gallagher