Rivers• River Basin(the area drained by a river).• Erosion(the wearing away).• Transportation(water transports the material eroded).• Deposition(when the water loses its energy,the material is too heavy to ‘float’ and is deposited).
Weathering• The breaking up of rocks into smaller pieces to form the soil.
Landforms• It is the result of deposition.• The material eroded by rivers,wind and the sea(waves) is deposited.Like a sandy beach it is formed by volcanoes.
Vegetation• Climate and soil determine the type of vegetation cover-therefore result in different types of vegetation.• Examples include: Equatorial rainforest,Grasslands (savannas),Desert• Different types of vegetation provide different habitast for animals,different ecosystems
Natural Hazards• Natural Hazards are desastrous results made by nature.• For examples we have: storms,hurricanes,floods,drought,volcanic eruptions & earthquakes
• Human Geography is the study of where and how people live. Human Geography includes the following topics/areas of studies:
PopulationEconomic Migration Activity Human Geography Communications Settlement
Population• Distribution and Density of people over the Earth’s surface.• Population growth-birth and death rates and the resulting problems (Africa).
Migration• People moving from country to country.
Settlement• Where people live-rular and urban• The growth of settlement into large urban areas & the factors which enchance this growth• Land use in cities which change over time (C.B.D).
Communications• Different modes of transport use by people to move about and for the movement of goods (trade).• Communication is the activity of conveying information.• Examples-telephone,TV programs,internet,mobiles etc.
Economic Activity• Economic activity(types of jobs)• It includes the growth and shrinkage of the economy and all factors that affect this• Primary,Secondary and Tertiary Industry• The developed countries- the rich and the developing countries-the poor