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Key Issue #1 Why do People Migrate ContinuedRefugees:people who have beenforced to migrate andcannot return for fear ofpersecution because ofrace, nationality, religion,membership in a socialgroup or political opinion.No home until agovernment accepts them.
Refugees Today ∗ 4/5 of refugee population hosted by developing countries. ∗ The 48 least developed countries host 2.3 million refugees.
Key Issue #1 Why do People Migrate ContinuedDistance of Migration∗Most migrants relocate a short distance andremain within the same country.∗Long-distance migrants to other countrieshead for major centers of economic activity.
Distance of MigrationInternal migration = permanent movement within the same country Two types:∗ Interregional migration = permanent movement from one region to another -Minnesota to Florida∗ Intraregional migration = permanent movement within a region -Winona to Rochester
Distance of MigrationInternational migration - permanent movement from one country to another. Two types:∗ Voluntary migration implies that migrant has chosen to move, largely due to economic factors∗ Forced migration means that migrant is compelled to move, usually due to cultural factors (persecution, politics)
Kinds of Voluntary Migration∗ Step Migration – When a migrant follows a path of a series of stages, or steps toward a final destination. * intervening opportunity – at one of the steps along the path, pull factors encourage the migrant to settle there.∗ Chain Migration – When a migrant communicates to family and friends at home, encouraging further migration along the same path, along kinship links.
Characteristics of Migrants∗ Most long-distance migrants are male.∗ Most long-distance migrants are adult individuals rather than families with children.
Immigrant Population, by Age and Sex, for the United States: 2010Native Population, by Ageand Sex, for the UnitedStates: 2010
Characteristics of Migrants to the United States∗ 40% are young adults between 25-39. 23% of U.S. native population is in this age band.∗ 5% of immigrants are over age 65. 12% of U.S. native population over 65.