The Shoguns<br />Imelda Aprilia Gunawan<br />Grade 11<br />26th August 2010<br />
Definition<br />Shogun: Military leader but became a symbol of military control over the country. Must not forget the possibility of war.<br />Samurai: The art of sword mastery. Also a title given to people who practice the art and is capable of using it.<br />Shogunate: Millitary government (bakufu) or tent government.<br />
The History<br />The rule of Fujiwaras ended in 1185.<br />Debate between the Taira (Heike) and the Minamoto (Genji).<br />Minamoto – gained support from warriors.<br />1185 – Minamoto defeated the Taira.<br />KYOTO<br />MinamotoYoritomo<br />Taira<br />
The Kamakura Shogunate<br />Pledged loyalty to the emperor.<br />Shogun or commander in chief – real ruler of Japan.<br />Set up a shogunate<br />Took control of government tasks<br />Ran country estates<br />Replaced the nobles as supporters of the arts.<br />
The Tokugawa Shogunate<br />1199 – Yoritomo died, his shogunate weakened.<br />1600 – Tokugawa Ieyasu took over.<br />The village of Edo (Tokyo) was the centre of Tokugawa rule.<br />Divided people by classes; warriors, artisans (make and prepare utensils), merchants (traders) and peasants (workers).<br />
The Warriors<br />Political power was held by warriors.<br />Under the emperor and shogun were lords called daimyo.<br />The daimyo secured the services of the warrior-retainers. <br />The warriors were called samurai.<br />
The Modern Period<br />US forced Japan to end its period of isolation, the shogunate weakened.<br />1903 – Keiki / Yoshinobu died.<br />
References<br />http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/KingListsFarEast/JapanShoguns.htm<br />TsunodaRyusaku,Sources of Japanese Tradition, 1985, Columbia University Press, New York.<br />
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