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The heian period yg bner

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  • 1. THE HEIAN PERIOD
    By: Astri
  • 2. The Beginning and The End
    Kyoto was originally Heian-kyo
    Marked the start of the Heianjidai(Heian period)
    790’s until late 1100’s
    End of the Japanese classical history (as the military class begins)
  • 3. Fujiwara Clan
    Powerful noble family
    Took over the emperor and his court
    Did intermarriages with the imperial family
    Hired samurai (making the military class more significant)
    Its authority ended when the new emperor, Go-Sanjo, stepped in
  • 4. New Ideas from China
    Chinese writing used for literature
    Used to enhance the Japanese writing system
    Chinese influenced Buddhism broaden
    The ideas were made “more Japanese” to meet Japanese needs
  • 5. The Spread of Buddhism
    Spread through 2 main schools of Japanese Buddhism:
    - Tendai: invented in China, based on the Lotus Sutra (Mahayana), founded by Saicho
    - Shingon: Buddhist thought, founded by Kukai
    Both monks (Saicho & Kukai) wished for support from the aristocrats concerning the religion
    Emperor Kammu was already a follower of Tendai
    Kukai successfully made the emperors after Emperor Kammuawed by Shingon
  • 6. Court Life and Arts
    Symbolized by grace and beauty
    Emperor Kammu and his court had little political power
    Used their time to improve the arts and court ceremonies
    Court officials made poems, stories, and more
    The significance of artistic and romantic behaviors
    These were created during the Heian period:
    - KimigaYo
    - The Tale of Genji(MurasakiShikibu)
    - Iroha (Japanese poem)
  • 7. War Between Clans
    The new emperor, Go-Sanjo, took over and made the Insei government
    TairaKiyomori became the new leader
    2 powerful military clans (Minamoto & Taira) became powerful
    The 2 clans fought for dominance after Kiyomori’s death (the Gempei War)
    The Minamoto clan ended the war and gained victory
    MinomotoYorimoto became the new leader, became a shogun, and started a new government in Kamakura
  • 8. Resources:
    http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/early-japanese-buddhism.html
    http://edtech.suhsd.k12.ca.us/inprogress/act/dfickett/japan/iaido_samurai.html
    http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/00327/jtimeline.html
    http://www.tokyo-top-guide.com/Ancient_Japanese_Culture.html
    http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/259482/Heian-period#
    http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2132.html
    http://givoogle.com/imagesearch.php
  • 9. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
    Arigatougozaimasu!

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