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Powerpoint presentation for the geography class year 11 about Japan: The Heian Period.

Powerpoint presentation for the geography class year 11 about Japan: The Heian Period.

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    Japan - The Heian Period Japan - The Heian Period Presentation Transcript

    • THE HEIAN PERIOD
      By: Astri
    • The Beginning and The End
      Kyoto was originally Heian-kyo
      Marked the start of the Heianjidai(Heian period)
      790’s until late 1100’s
      End of the Japanese classical history (as the military class begins)
    • Fujiwara Clan
      Powerful noble family
      Took over the emperor and his court
      Did intermarriages with the imperial family
      Hired samurai (making the military class more significant)
      Its authority ended when the new emperor, Go-Sanjo, stepped in
    • New Ideas from China
      Chinese writing used for literature
      Used to enhance the Japanese writing system
      Chinese influenced Buddhism broaden
      The ideas were made “more Japanese” to meet Japanese needs
    • The Spread of Buddhism
      Spread through 2 main schools of Japanese Buddhism:
      - Tendai: invented in China, based on the Lotus Sutra (Mahayana), founded by Saicho
      - Shingon: Buddhist thought, founded by Kukai
      Both monks (Saicho & Kukai) wished for support from the aristocrats concerning the religion
      Emperor Kammu was already a follower of Tendai
      Kukai successfully made the emperors after Emperor Kammuawed by Shingon
    • Court Life and Arts
      Symbolized by grace and beauty
      Emperor Kammu and his court had little political power
      Used their time to improve the arts and court ceremonies
      Court officials made poems, stories, and more
      The significance of artistic and romantic behaviors
      These were created during the Heian period:
      - KimigaYo
      - The Tale of Genji(MurasakiShikibu)
      - Iroha (Japanese poem)
    • War Between Clans
      The new emperor, Go-Sanjo, took over and made the Insei government
      TairaKiyomori became the new leader
      2 powerful military clans (Minamoto & Taira) became powerful
      The 2 clans fought for dominance after Kiyomori’s death (the Gempei War)
      The Minamoto clan ended the war and gained victory
      MinomotoYorimoto became the new leader, became a shogun, and started a new government in Kamakura
    • Resources:
      http://www.onmarkproductions.com/html/early-japanese-buddhism.html
      http://edtech.suhsd.k12.ca.us/inprogress/act/dfickett/japan/iaido_samurai.html
      http://library.thinkquest.org/04oct/00327/jtimeline.html
      http://www.tokyo-top-guide.com/Ancient_Japanese_Culture.html
      http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/259482/Heian-period#
      http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2132.html
      http://givoogle.com/imagesearch.php
    • THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
      Arigatougozaimasu!