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The Rostow Model
time
level of developmenttime
level of development                       The Traditional                          Society                               ...
level of development                       The Traditional                          Society                               ...
level of development                                         Pre-conditions                                          for T...
level of development                                         Pre-conditions                                          for T...
level of development                                                          Take Off                                    ...
level of development                                                          Take Off                                    ...
level of development                                                                     The Drive to                     ...
level of development                                                                     The Drive to                     ...
level of development                                                                 High Mass                            ...
The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth Walt Whitman Rostow (1916- 2003)
The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth                                    W. W. Rostow was American. Walt Whitma...
The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth                                    W. W. Rostow was American.            ...
The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth                                    W. W. Rostow was American.            ...
The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth                                    W. W. Rostow was American.            ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure     The Traditional        Society     Pre-conditions      for Take Off        Tak...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Rostow Model - Employment Structure                       Primary Sector   Secondary Sector   Tertiary Sector     The ...
The Traditional Society
The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.
The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.Output is consumed by producers rather than traded. Trade is...
The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.Output is consumed by producers rather than traded. Trade is...
The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.Output is consumed by producers rather than traded. Trade is...
Pre-conditions for Take Off
Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.
Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.Agriculture becom...
Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.Agriculture becom...
Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.Agriculture becom...
Take Off
Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rura...
Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rura...
Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rura...
Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rura...
The Drive to Maturity
The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.
The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic dev...
The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic dev...
The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic dev...
The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic dev...
High Mass Consumption
High Mass ConsumptionRapid expansion of tertiary industry.
High Mass ConsumptionRapid expansion of tertiary industry.Industry shifts to production of durable consumer goods.
level of development                                                                 High Mass                            ...
level of development                                                                 High Mass                            ...
level of development                                                                 High Mass                            ...
level of development                                                                 High Mass                            ...
level of development                                                                   High Mass                          ...
level of development                                                                   High Mass                          ...
level of development                                                                   High Mass                          ...
level of development                                                                          High Mass                   ...
level of development                                                                          High Mass                   ...
level of development                                                                          High Mass                   ...
level of development                                                                UK       1940                         ...
level of development                                                                UK       1940                         ...
level of development                                                                UK       1940                         ...
The Rostow Model - Criticisms
The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.
The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.The model assumes that all countri...
The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.The model assumes that all countri...
The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.The model assumes that all countri...
IB Geography: Development: Rostow Model
IB Geography: Development: Rostow Model
IB Geography: Development: Rostow Model
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IB Geography: Development: Rostow Model

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  • Comprehensive overview and good graph showing interaction with labour development from agro-economical through industrial into service industry. (industrious).
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Transcript of "IB Geography: Development: Rostow Model"

  1. 1. The Rostow Model
  2. 2. time
  3. 3. level of developmenttime
  4. 4. level of development The Traditional Society time
  5. 5. level of development The Traditional Society time
  6. 6. level of development Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  7. 7. level of development Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  8. 8. level of development Take Off Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  9. 9. level of development Take Off Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  10. 10. level of development The Drive to Maturity Take Off Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  11. 11. level of development The Drive to Maturity Take Off Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  12. 12. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity Take Off Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  13. 13. The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth Walt Whitman Rostow (1916- 2003)
  14. 14. The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth W. W. Rostow was American. Walt Whitman Rostow (1916- 2003)
  15. 15. The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth W. W. Rostow was American. He developed his model in 1960. Walt Whitman Rostow (1916- 2003)
  16. 16. The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth W. W. Rostow was American. He developed his model in 1960. It was based upon the study of 15 mainly European countries. Walt Whitman Rostow (1916- 2003)
  17. 17. The Rostow Model - The Stages of Economic Growth W. W. Rostow was American. He developed his model in 1960. It was based upon the study of 15 mainly European countries. He suggested that all countries had the potential to break the cycle of poverty and develop through 5 linear Walt Whitman Rostow (1916- 2003) stages.
  18. 18. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure
  19. 19. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure The Traditional Society Pre-conditions for Take Off Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  20. 20. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Pre-conditions for Take Off Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  21. 21. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Pre-conditions for Take Off Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  22. 22. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Pre-conditions for Take Off Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  23. 23. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions for Take Off Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  24. 24. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions for Take Off Vast Majority Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  25. 25. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few for Take Off Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  26. 26. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  27. 27. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  28. 28. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  29. 29. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth Few The Drive to Maturity High Mass Consumption
  30. 30. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth Few The Drive to Few Maturity High Mass Consumption
  31. 31. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth Few The Drive to Few Stable Maturity High Mass Consumption
  32. 32. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth Few The Drive to Few Stable Growing Rapidly Maturity High Mass Consumption
  33. 33. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth Few The Drive to Few Stable Growing Rapidly Maturity High Mass Very Few Consumption
  34. 34. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth Few The Drive to Few Stable Growing Rapidly Maturity High Mass Very Few Declining Consumption
  35. 35. The Rostow Model - Employment Structure Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector The Traditional Society Vast Majority Very Few Very Few Pre-conditions Vast Majority Few Very Few for Take Off Take Off Declining Rapid Growth Few The Drive to Few Stable Growing Rapidly Maturity High Mass Very Few Declining Vast Majority Consumption
  36. 36. The Traditional Society
  37. 37. The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.
  38. 38. The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.Output is consumed by producers rather than traded. Trade is by barterwhere goods are exchanged or swapped‘.
  39. 39. The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.Output is consumed by producers rather than traded. Trade is by barterwhere goods are exchanged or swapped‘.Agriculture is the most important industry and production is labour intensive,using only limited quantities of capital.
  40. 40. The Traditional SocietyA subsistence economy based on farming.Output is consumed by producers rather than traded. Trade is by barterwhere goods are exchanged or swapped‘.Agriculture is the most important industry and production is labour intensive,using only limited quantities of capital.There is very limited technology or capital to process raw materials or developindustries and services.
  41. 41. Pre-conditions for Take Off
  42. 42. Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.
  43. 43. Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.Agriculture becomes more commercialized and mechanized withtechnological improvements.
  44. 44. Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.Agriculture becomes more commercialized and mechanized withtechnological improvements.Levels of capital grow. Savings and investment grow. Entrepreneurs emerge.
  45. 45. Pre-conditions for Take OffSurpluses for trading emerge supported by an emerging transportinfrastructure.Agriculture becomes more commercialized and mechanized withtechnological improvements.Levels of capital grow. Savings and investment grow. Entrepreneurs emerge.A single industry begins to dominate – often textiles.
  46. 46. Take Off
  47. 47. Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rural-urban migration.
  48. 48. Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rural-urban migration.Growth is concentrated in a few regions of the country and in one or twoindustries.
  49. 49. Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rural-urban migration.Growth is concentrated in a few regions of the country and in one or twoindustries.New political and social institutions are evolving to support industrialization.
  50. 50. Take OffIndustrialization increases, with workers switching from the land tomanufacturing. This may cause large scale rural-urban migration.Growth is concentrated in a few regions of the country and in one or twoindustries.New political and social institutions are evolving to support industrialization.Airports, roads and railways are built. 
  51. 51. The Drive to Maturity
  52. 52. The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.
  53. 53. The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic development spreads to all parts.
  54. 54. The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic development spreads to all parts.A more complex transport system develops.
  55. 55. The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic development spreads to all parts.A more complex transport system develops.Increase in number and types of industry.
  56. 56. The Drive to MaturityGrowth is now diverse supported by technological innovation. It should beself sustaining.Economic development spreads to all parts.A more complex transport system develops.Increase in number and types of industry.Manufacturing expands as early industries decline.
  57. 57. High Mass Consumption
  58. 58. High Mass ConsumptionRapid expansion of tertiary industry.
  59. 59. High Mass ConsumptionRapid expansion of tertiary industry.Industry shifts to production of durable consumer goods.
  60. 60. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity Take Off Pre-conditions for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  61. 61. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity Take Off UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  62. 62. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity Take Off UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  63. 63. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity Take Off UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  64. 64. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  65. 65. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  66. 66. level of development High Mass Consumption The Drive to Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  67. 67. level of development High Mass Consumption UK 1850 USA 1920 The Drive to Japan 1930 Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  68. 68. level of development High Mass Consumption UK 1850 USA 1920 The Drive to Japan 1930 Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  69. 69. level of development High Mass Consumption UK 1850 USA 1920 The Drive to Japan 1930 Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  70. 70. level of development UK 1940 High Mass USA 1930 Japan 1950 Consumption UK 1850 USA 1920 The Drive to Japan 1930 Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  71. 71. level of development UK 1940 High Mass USA 1930 Japan 1950 Consumption UK 1850 USA 1920 The Drive to Japan 1930 Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  72. 72. level of development UK 1940 High Mass USA 1930 Japan 1950 Consumption UK 1850 USA 1920 The Drive to Japan 1930 Maturity UK 1820 USA 1850 Take Off Japan 1900 UK 1750 Pre-conditions USA 1800 Japan 1880 for Take Off The Traditional Society time
  73. 73. The Rostow Model - Criticisms
  74. 74. The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.
  75. 75. The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.The model assumes that all countries start at the same level and with thesame resources, population, climate etc.
  76. 76. The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.The model assumes that all countries start at the same level and with thesame resources, population, climate etc.While capital is needed to advance beyond ‘the traditional society’ - often thiscapital arrives in the form of a injection of development aid. Debt repaymentscan delay and even prevent a country from reaching ‘take off’.
  77. 77. The Rostow Model - CriticismsThe model is outdated (produced in 1960) and oversimplified.The model assumes that all countries start at the same level and with thesame resources, population, climate etc.While capital is needed to advance beyond ‘the traditional society’ - often thiscapital arrives in the form of a injection of development aid. Debt repaymentscan delay and even prevent a country from reaching ‘take off’.The model underestimates the extent to which the development of somecountries in the past was at the expense of others through colonization andimperialism.

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