Tutor2u Global Economy - Peter Marsh on a New Industrial Revolution

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  • 1. Britain’s manufacturing future Teachers’ seminar, Royal Society of Arts London Address by Peter Marsh Manufacturing Editor, Financial Times November 19 2012
  • 2. A global growth engine• What manufacturing means• Five industrial revolutions• Where now for Britain?
  • 3. Manufacturing = Materials + Energy + Ideas • The creative force behind 10bn unique products • It accounts for 15-20 per cent of world economy • It employs about 300m people (roughly 5 pc of world population)
  • 4. World manufacturing output and GDP(rebased, 1800 = 100) 25000 20000 World 15000 manufacturing output World GDP 10000 5000 0 1800 1900 1913 1938 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: IHS Global Insight, Paul Bairoch, World Trade Organisation
  • 5. Britains world role1800 - The start of modern manufacturing Population 0.8% (% of world) Manufacturing 4.3% output (% of world) Manufacturing 5 position (out of approx. 35) Cromford mill in Derbyshire, built by pioneering textile engineer Richard Arkwright in 1771
  • 6. Britains world role1900 - The UK as number one Population 2.0% (% of world) Manufacturing 15.0% output (% of world) Manufacturing 1 position (out of 57) Launch of the Japanese battleship the Hatsuse on the River Tyne in 1898
  • 7. Britains world role2011 – Specialist player Population 0.8% (% of world) Manufacturing 2.3% output (% of world) Manufacturing 9 position (out of 197) Vi-spring mattress factory, Plymouth; of the worlds top three makers of luxury mattresses, two are in the UK
  • 8. Share of world manufacturing output between rich/poor countriesof world 100 90 80 70 60 Rich countries 50 Poor countries 40 30 Rich countries are N 20 America, W Europe, 10 Japan, Australia NB Japan is counted as 0 poor in 1800 & 1900; Russia is counted as poor 1800 1900 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 from 1950 onwards Source: IHS, Bairoch, Unido
  • 9. Share of world manufacturing output (%) 50 45 40 35 30 US 25 China 20 UK 15 10 5 0 1800 1900 1913 1928 1938 1950 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Source: IHS, Bairoch, UN , World Bank
  • 10. The last 3,500 years• Pre-industry (1,500BC to 1500 AD) : Iron Age, glass production, metals• Proto-industry (1500- 1780) ;Venice shipyard First Industrial Revolution (1780-1850): steam power, textile machinery• Second Industrial Revolution (1840-1890) : communications; railways, telegraph• Third Industrial Revolution (1860-1930): science based methodology; electricity, chemistry• Fourth Industrial Revolution (1950-2000): computers, electronics
  • 11. King Tutankhamun daggers
  • 12. Venice arsenal
  • 13. James Watt steam engine early 19th century
  • 14. ENIAC computer
  • 15. New Industrial Revolution (Fifth Industrial Revolution)Period: 2005-??1. Overlapping technologies, eg biotech, electronics, materials, nanotechnology2. Customised manufacturing3. Niche approach4. Global manufacturing pathways5. Environmental responsiveness6. China opening up7. Cluster dynamics
  • 16. Schmoll drilling machine
  • 17. Westwind air bearing
  • 18. Touch Bionics: mechanical limbs
  • 19. Xavier Fontanet of Essilor - lens leader
  • 20. Michael Edelman and the art of the small
  • 21. Bigmow: Belgian robot lawn mowers
  • 22. Stihl: global chainsaw leader
  • 23. Accrol: UK family success
  • 24. David McMurtry: Britains top engineering entrepreneur
  • 25. Luxottica - customises spectacles
  • 26. Trumpf: German Mittelstand pioneer