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Expeditioning - Community and the group

Expeditioning - Community and the group



When planning for a 13 day bushwalk, how will the group of walkers work together? What makes a community?

When planning for a 13 day bushwalk, how will the group of walkers work together? What makes a community?



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    Expeditioning - Community and the group Expeditioning - Community and the group Presentation Transcript

    • Community andCommunity and the groupthe group OEEDU 6002 Expeditioning – Week 5
    • Large human movements spring from individual human initiatives. If you feel that you cannot have much of an effect, the next person may also become discouraged and a great opportunity will have been lost. On the other hand, each of us can inspire others simply by working to develop our own altruistic motivation His Holiness the Dalai Lama “
    • 3 Community • Have you experienced real community? • Palmer suggests that most experiences of community are actually only pseudo- community?
    • 4 Parker Palmer on real C. • The concept of community has been distorted - most references to community are more realistically - Pseudocommunity – where people hate conflicts • By contrast real community is only reached through hard work … at a great cost. • To be connected – you have to look at your heart – otherwise you will not be able to respond to criticism – you will always be defending. The heart needs to be a place of peace. (need to know what you believe and be OK with that - worldviews ?) • Real community involves: taking social risks, being vulnerable, being able to forgive, soft individualism, working from a position of weakness, taking responsibility for our own actions.
    • 5 Is community that important? • Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an ontological loneliness • This brings discomfort, loneliness, anguish. • Our distinctively human way of overcoming solitude is to “enter into unity with, share the existence of, other beings through knowing and loving them” (p35) • What are the consequences of non- community? 5
    • 6 The “true” meaning of community (according to Peck 1990) • Concept of community is used far too loosely • Community is like a gem - multi-faceted, inherently mysterious, miraculous, unfathomable
    • 7 1. Inclusivity • Most groups are exclusive cliques that work hard to keep people out. • It is much easier to exclude rather than include. • Communities seek to be inclusive • Inclusivity extends the groups
    • 8 2. Commitment • Must be a willingness to co-exist - and make it work • Requires an appreciation of differences.
    • 9 3. Consensus • Community avoids the use of voting to resolve differences - as in a democracy • Consensus values individual difference - which is not congruent with “majority rules”. • Consensus is when all agree that they have come to the best decision for the group at that time, given all the circumstances.
    • 10 4. Realism • Diversity and difference are more likely to produce realistic solutions to problems • The multiple points of view and freedom of expression usually gives a better understanding of the situation • Humility is a key ingredient because you begin to appreciate other people’s gifts and recognise your own limitations
    • 11 5. Contemplation • Community is self examining, self-critical, self aware • Contemplation is the key to insight • You don’t reach community and sit back and relax
    • 12 6. A safe place • Acceptance and freedom to be yourself is a critical part of community • Community is healing - even though that is not the focus of community - more a by product
    • 13 A group of leaders • Total decentralisation of authority • Not leaderless - leader-full • Flow of leadership
    • 16 Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others - People are committed to work together and although conflicts occur they are resolved without big dramas. - Forgiveness runs freely. - People’s strengths are respected and utilised for the good of the group. People’s weaknesses are shared, understood, and accepted. - You feel safe to try (and possibly fail) new things. - People are welcome to participate in the group - it is not just a little club for people who feel the same way. 16
    • 17 Community in OE • How realistic is it to expect us to experience/promote community in our OE program? • What are the constraints to establishing true community - what makes it hard for OE? • Should community even be something that we strive for in OE programs?
    • 18 Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? • Accept people with quite different views of the world to you? • Accept and value people who annoy you and get on your nerves? • Be prepared to really let your walls down? • Not just bite your tongue to avoid conflicts? • Speak up in the group?
    • 19 Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: - Forming - Storming - Norming - Performing - Mourning/adjourning
    • 20 Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community - Pseudocommunity - Chaos - Emptiness - Community • Essentially a sequential model.
    • 21 Pseudocommunity • People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all unreal • There is no such thing as instant community • Conflict avoidance is the key feature of this stage • Minimisation, lack of acknowledgment, or ignoring of individual differences. • Key is not to offend, annoy or irritate anyone - and when people make you feel that way: ignore it, pretend your not bothered, and change the subject (good hostess behaviour)
    • 22 Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. • Individual differences are no longer ignored, they are “out”, but the group attempts to obliterate them. • Unconstructive, noisy, uncreative … not a lot of fun. • Leader often gets a good serve too ! • Tempting to escape into “organisation” - it is a solution to the chaos problem but it will not lead to “true community”. • Fighting is far better than pretending you are not divided. It is painful …. But it is a beginning.
    • 23 Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions • Prejudices (conscious and subconscious.) • Ideology • The need to heal, convert, fix, or solve (motive is often questionable) • Need to control • Once people start to empty themselves …. They become receptive to others and ….. They can enter the last stage ….
    • 24 Community • Soft quietness descends • Where to from here depends on task? - may be to simply experience C and benefit from the healing? • Always community building first - problem solving second • May slip back into chaos - need to work back through stages. • Emotions range from: joyful, loving, to sadness & grief • Energy level is almost supernatural (sometimes sexual?)- things going on in a spiritual level
    • 25 Fight gracefully • there are no sides, factions - cliques have been dropped • Community is a place where conflict can be resolved without bloodshed • Conflict resolution is a product more than a pre-requisite to community
    • 26 Group member behaviours • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours - Helping behaviours - Emotional behaviours - Sub-grouping behaviours • Today’s message … - Before you respond/intervene .. Look beyond behaviour and try to understand possible cause or contributing factors behind behaviour.