Community,
 the group and
 reflective writing
OEEDU 6002 Expeditioning – Week 13
“
Large human movements spring from
individual human initiatives. If you feel that
you cannot have much of an effect, the ...
Community




            3
Community

• Have you experienced real community?




                                         3
Community

• Have you experienced real community?
• Palmer suggests that most experiences of
 community are actually only ...
Parker Palmer on real C.




                     4
Parker Palmer on real C.
• The concept of community has been distorted - most references
  to community are more realistic...
Parker Palmer on real C.
• The concept of community has been distorted - most references
  to community are more realistic...
Parker Palmer on real C.
• The concept of community has been distorted - most references
  to community are more realistic...
Parker Palmer on real C.
• The concept of community has been distorted - most references
  to community are more realistic...
Parker Palmer on real C.
• The concept of community has been distorted - most references
  to community are more realistic...
Is community that
    important?




                    5
Is community that
            important?
• Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an
 ontological loneliness




            ...
Is community that
             important?
• Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an
  ontological loneliness
• This brings ...
Is community that
             important?
• Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an
  ontological loneliness
• This brings ...
Is community that
             important?
• Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an
  ontological loneliness
• This brings ...
Is community that
             important?
• Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an
  ontological loneliness
• This brings ...
The “true” meaning of
  community  (according to Peck 1990)




                                        6
The “true” meaning of
       community            (according to Peck 1990)




• Concept of community is used far too loos...
The “true” meaning of
       community            (according to Peck 1990)




• Concept of community is used far too loos...
The “true” meaning of
       community            (according to Peck 1990)




• Concept of community is used far too loos...
1. Inclusivity




                 7
1. Inclusivity
• Most groups are exclusive cliques that work
  hard to keep people out.




                              ...
1. Inclusivity
• Most groups are exclusive cliques that work
  hard to keep people out.
• It is much easier to exclude rat...
1. Inclusivity
• Most groups are exclusive cliques that work
  hard to keep people out.
• It is much easier to exclude rat...
1. Inclusivity
• Most groups are exclusive cliques that work
  hard to keep people out.
• It is much easier to exclude rat...
1. Inclusivity
• Most groups are exclusive cliques that work
  hard to keep people out.
• It is much easier to exclude rat...
2. Commitment




            8
2. Commitment


• Must be a willingness to co-exist - and make
  it work




                                         8
2. Commitment


• Must be a willingness to co-exist - and make
  it work
• Requires an appreciation of differences.



   ...
2. Commitment


• Must be a willingness to co-exist - and make
  it work
• Requires an appreciation of differences.



   ...
3. Consensus




               9
3. Consensus
• Community avoids the use of voting to
 resolve differences - as in a democracy




                        ...
3. Consensus
• Community avoids the use of voting to
  resolve differences - as in a democracy
• Consensus values individu...
3. Consensus
• Community avoids the use of voting to
  resolve differences - as in a democracy
• Consensus values individu...
3. Consensus
• Community avoids the use of voting to
  resolve differences - as in a democracy
• Consensus values individu...
4. Realism




             10
4. Realism
• Diversity and difference are more likely to
  produce realistic solutions to problems




                   ...
4. Realism
• Diversity and difference are more likely to
  produce realistic solutions to problems
• The multiple points o...
4. Realism
• Diversity and difference are more likely to
  produce realistic solutions to problems
• The multiple points o...
4. Realism
• Diversity and difference are more likely to
  produce realistic solutions to problems
• The multiple points o...
5. Contemplation




              11
5. Contemplation

• Community is self examining, self-critical,
  self aware




                                         ...
5. Contemplation

• Community is self examining, self-critical,
  self aware
• Contemplation is the key to insight




   ...
5. Contemplation

• Community is self examining, self-critical,
  self aware
• Contemplation is the key to insight
• You d...
5. Contemplation

• Community is self examining, self-critical,
  self aware
• Contemplation is the key to insight
• You d...
6. A safe place




              12
6. A safe place

• Acceptance and freedom to be yourself is a
 critical part of community




                            ...
6. A safe place

• Acceptance and freedom to be yourself is a
  critical part of community
• Community is healing - even t...
6. A safe place

• Acceptance and freedom to be yourself is a
  critical part of community
• Community is healing - even t...
A group of leaders




               13
A group of leaders


• Total decentralisation of authority




                                        13
A group of leaders


• Total decentralisation of authority
• Not leaderless - leader-full




                            ...
A group of leaders


• Total decentralisation of authority
• Not leaderless - leader-full
• Flow of leadership



        ...
A group of leaders


• Total decentralisation of authority
• Not leaderless - leader-full
• Flow of leadership



        ...
Parker Palmer on C.




                14
Parker Palmer on C.
• We were created in and for a complex ecology of
  community




                                    ...
Parker Palmer on C.
• We were created in and for a complex ecology of
  community
• Community is a gift - not a product


...
Parker Palmer on C.
• We were created in and for a complex ecology of
  community
• Community is a gift - not a product
• ...
Parker Palmer on C.
• We were created in and for a complex ecology of
  community
• Community is a gift - not a product
• ...
Parker Palmer on C.
• We were created in and for a complex ecology of
  community
• Community is a gift - not a product
• ...
Parker Palmer on C.
• We were created in and for a complex ecology of
  community
• Community is a gift - not a product
• ...
Parker Palmer on C.




                15
Parker Palmer on C.
• Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden
  of Eden”




                           ...
Parker Palmer on C.
• Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden
  of Eden”
• Community is about creating “...
Parker Palmer on C.
• Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden
  of Eden”
• Community is about creating “...
Parker Palmer on C.
• Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden
  of Eden”
• Community is about creating “...
Parker Palmer on C.
• Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden
  of Eden”
• Community is about creating “...
Parker Palmer on C.
• Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden
  of Eden”
• Community is about creating “...
Community concepts




               16
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:




                                 ...
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:
   - people can be themselves with fe...
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:
   - people can be themselves with fe...
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:
   - people can be themselves with fe...
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:
   - people can be themselves with fe...
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:
   - people can be themselves with fe...
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:
   - people can be themselves with fe...
Community concepts
• Community is essentially about being a part of a group
  where:
   - people can be themselves with fe...
Community in OE




             17
Community in OE

• How realistic is it to expect us to experience/
  promote community in our OE program?




            ...
Community in OE

• How realistic is it to expect us to experience/
  promote community in our OE program?
• What are the c...
Community in OE

• How realistic is it to expect us to experience/
  promote community in our OE program?
• What are the c...
Community in OE

• How realistic is it to expect us to experience/
  promote community in our OE program?
• What are the c...
Community on Expo...




                 18
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?




   ...
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?
• Forgi...
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?
• Forgi...
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?
• Forgi...
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?
• Forgi...
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?
• Forgi...
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?
• Forgi...
Community on Expo...
• Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach
  this “state of group functioning” ?
• Forgi...
Models of group
 development




                  19
Models of group
          development

• The most well known is Tuckman and
 Jensen’s (1977) model of:




               ...
Models of group
          development

• The most well known is Tuckman and
 Jensen’s (1977) model of:
  - Forming




   ...
Models of group
           development

• The most well known is Tuckman and
 Jensen’s (1977) model of:
  - Forming
  - St...
Models of group
           development

• The most well known is Tuckman and
 Jensen’s (1977) model of:
  - Forming
  - St...
Models of group
           development

• The most well known is Tuckman and
 Jensen’s (1977) model of:
  - Forming
  - St...
Models of group
           development

• The most well known is Tuckman and
 Jensen’s (1977) model of:
  - Forming
  - St...
Models of group
           development

• The most well known is Tuckman and
 Jensen’s (1977) model of:
  - Forming
  - St...
Peck’s stages of community




                      20
Peck’s stages of community


• Peck’s stages of Community




                               20
Peck’s stages of community


• Peck’s stages of Community
  - Pseudocommunity




                               20
Peck’s stages of community


• Peck’s stages of Community
  - Pseudocommunity
  - Chaos




                              ...
Peck’s stages of community


• Peck’s stages of Community
  - Pseudocommunity
  - Chaos
  - Emptiness




                ...
Peck’s stages of community


• Peck’s stages of Community
  - Pseudocommunity
  - Chaos
  - Emptiness
  - Community




  ...
Peck’s stages of community


• Peck’s stages of Community
  - Pseudocommunity
  - Chaos
  - Emptiness
  - Community
• Esse...
Peck’s stages of community


• Peck’s stages of Community
  - Pseudocommunity
  - Chaos
  - Emptiness
  - Community
• Esse...
Pseudocommunity




             21
Pseudocommunity
• People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all
  unreal




                                       ...
Pseudocommunity
• People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all
  unreal
• There is no such thing as instant communi...
Pseudocommunity
• People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all
  unreal
• There is no such thing as instant communi...
Pseudocommunity
• People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all
  unreal
• There is no such thing as instant communi...
Pseudocommunity
• People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all
  unreal
• There is no such thing as instant communi...
Pseudocommunity
• People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all
  unreal
• There is no such thing as instant communi...
Chaos




        22
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
  convert …. “everything would be much better if only y...
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
  convert …. “everything would be much better if only y...
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
  convert …. “everything would be much better if only y...
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
  convert …. “everything would be much better if only y...
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
  convert …. “everything would be much better if only y...
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
   convert …. “everything would be much better if only ...
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
   convert …. “everything would be much better if only ...
Chaos
• Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or
   convert …. “everything would be much better if only ...
Emptiness




            23
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos




                                        23
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
  assum...
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
  assum...
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
  assum...
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
  assum...
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
    ass...
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
    ass...
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
    ass...
Emptiness
• Not an attractive solution to chaos
• People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings,
    ass...
Community




            24
Community
• Soft quietness descends




                            24
Community
• Soft quietness descends
• Where to from here depends on task? - may be to
  simply experience C and benefit fr...
Community
• Soft quietness descends
• Where to from here depends on task? - may be to
  simply experience C and benefit fr...
Community
• Soft quietness descends
• Where to from here depends on task? - may be to
  simply experience C and benefit fr...
Community
• Soft quietness descends
• Where to from here depends on task? - may be to
  simply experience C and benefit fr...
Community
• Soft quietness descends
• Where to from here depends on task? - may be to
  simply experience C and benefit fr...
Community
• Soft quietness descends
• Where to from here depends on task? - may be to
  simply experience C and benefit fr...
Fight gracefully




               25
Fight gracefully

• there are no sides, factions - cliques have
  been dropped




                                       ...
Fight gracefully

• there are no sides, factions - cliques have
  been dropped
• Community is a place where conflict can b...
Fight gracefully

• there are no sides, factions - cliques have
  been dropped
• Community is a place where conflict can b...
Fight gracefully

• there are no sides, factions - cliques have
  been dropped
• Community is a place where conflict can b...
Group member




               26
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …




                   ...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Group member
• According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories
  of group member behaviour …
   - Resisting behaviou...
Let’s get creative...




                  27
Let’s get creative...




                  27
Critical thinking & writing
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
  1. Analysing and interpreting the experi...
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
  1. Analysing and interpreting the experi...
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
  1. Analysing and interpreting the experi...
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
  1. Analysing and interpreting the experi...
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
  1. Analysing and interpreting the experi...
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
  1. Analysing and interpreting the experi...
Critical thinking & writing
• Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
  1. Analysing and interpreting the experi...
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  • Community, The Group And Reflective Writing

    1. 1. Community, the group and reflective writing OEEDU 6002 Expeditioning – Week 13
    2. 2. “ Large human movements spring from individual human initiatives. If you feel that you cannot have much of an effect, the next person may also become discouraged and a great opportunity will have been lost. On the other hand, each of us can inspire ” others simply by working to develop our own altruistic motivation His Holiness the Dalai Lama
    3. 3. Community 3
    4. 4. Community • Have you experienced real community? 3
    5. 5. Community • Have you experienced real community? • Palmer suggests that most experiences of community are actually only pseudo- community? 3
    6. 6. Parker Palmer on real C. 4
    7. 7. Parker Palmer on real C. • The concept of community has been distorted - most references to community are more realistically - Pseudocommunity – where people hate conflicts 4
    8. 8. Parker Palmer on real C. • The concept of community has been distorted - most references to community are more realistically - Pseudocommunity – where people hate conflicts • By contrast real community is only reached through hard work … at a great cost. 4
    9. 9. Parker Palmer on real C. • The concept of community has been distorted - most references to community are more realistically - Pseudocommunity – where people hate conflicts • By contrast real community is only reached through hard work … at a great cost. • To be connected – you have to look at your heart – otherwise you will not be able to respond to criticism – you will always be defending. The heart needs to be a place of peace. (need to know what you believe and be OK with that - worldviews ?) 4
    10. 10. Parker Palmer on real C. • The concept of community has been distorted - most references to community are more realistically - Pseudocommunity – where people hate conflicts • By contrast real community is only reached through hard work … at a great cost. • To be connected – you have to look at your heart – otherwise you will not be able to respond to criticism – you will always be defending. The heart needs to be a place of peace. (need to know what you believe and be OK with that - worldviews ?) • Real community involves: taking social risks, being vulnerable, being able to forgive, soft individualism, working from a position of weakness, taking responsibility for our own actions. 4
    11. 11. Parker Palmer on real C. • The concept of community has been distorted - most references to community are more realistically - Pseudocommunity – where people hate conflicts • By contrast real community is only reached through hard work … at a great cost. • To be connected – you have to look at your heart – otherwise you will not be able to respond to criticism – you will always be defending. The heart needs to be a place of peace. (need to know what you believe and be OK with that - worldviews ?) • Real community involves: taking social risks, being vulnerable, being able to forgive, soft individualism, working from a position of weakness, taking responsibility for our own actions. 4
    12. 12. Is community that important? 5
    13. 13. Is community that important? • Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an ontological loneliness 5
    14. 14. Is community that important? • Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an ontological loneliness • This brings discomfort, loneliness, anguish. 5
    15. 15. Is community that important? • Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an ontological loneliness • This brings discomfort, loneliness, anguish. • Our distinctively human way of overcoming solitude is to “enter into unity with, share the existence of, other beings through knowing and loving them” (p35) 5
    16. 16. Is community that important? • Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an ontological loneliness • This brings discomfort, loneliness, anguish. • Our distinctively human way of overcoming solitude is to “enter into unity with, share the existence of, other beings through knowing and loving them” (p35) • What are the consequences of non- community? 5
    17. 17. Is community that important? • Rousseau (1991) - we all experience an ontological loneliness • This brings discomfort, loneliness, anguish. • Our distinctively human way of overcoming solitude is to “enter into unity with, share the existence of, other beings through knowing and loving them” (p35) • What are the consequences of non- community? 5
    18. 18. The “true” meaning of community (according to Peck 1990) 6
    19. 19. The “true” meaning of community (according to Peck 1990) • Concept of community is used far too loosely 6
    20. 20. The “true” meaning of community (according to Peck 1990) • Concept of community is used far too loosely • Community is like a gem - multi-faceted, inherently mysterious, miraculous, unfathomable 6
    21. 21. The “true” meaning of community (according to Peck 1990) • Concept of community is used far too loosely • Community is like a gem - multi-faceted, inherently mysterious, miraculous, unfathomable 6
    22. 22. 1. Inclusivity 7
    23. 23. 1. Inclusivity • Most groups are exclusive cliques that work hard to keep people out. 7
    24. 24. 1. Inclusivity • Most groups are exclusive cliques that work hard to keep people out. • It is much easier to exclude rather than include. 7
    25. 25. 1. Inclusivity • Most groups are exclusive cliques that work hard to keep people out. • It is much easier to exclude rather than include. • Communities seek to be inclusive 7
    26. 26. 1. Inclusivity • Most groups are exclusive cliques that work hard to keep people out. • It is much easier to exclude rather than include. • Communities seek to be inclusive • Inclusivity extends the groups 7
    27. 27. 1. Inclusivity • Most groups are exclusive cliques that work hard to keep people out. • It is much easier to exclude rather than include. • Communities seek to be inclusive • Inclusivity extends the groups 7
    28. 28. 2. Commitment 8
    29. 29. 2. Commitment • Must be a willingness to co-exist - and make it work 8
    30. 30. 2. Commitment • Must be a willingness to co-exist - and make it work • Requires an appreciation of differences. 8
    31. 31. 2. Commitment • Must be a willingness to co-exist - and make it work • Requires an appreciation of differences. 8
    32. 32. 3. Consensus 9
    33. 33. 3. Consensus • Community avoids the use of voting to resolve differences - as in a democracy 9
    34. 34. 3. Consensus • Community avoids the use of voting to resolve differences - as in a democracy • Consensus values individual difference - which is not congruent with “majority rules”. 9
    35. 35. 3. Consensus • Community avoids the use of voting to resolve differences - as in a democracy • Consensus values individual difference - which is not congruent with “majority rules”. • Consensus is when all agree that they have come to the best decision for the group at that time, given all the circumstances. 9
    36. 36. 3. Consensus • Community avoids the use of voting to resolve differences - as in a democracy • Consensus values individual difference - which is not congruent with “majority rules”. • Consensus is when all agree that they have come to the best decision for the group at that time, given all the circumstances. 9
    37. 37. 4. Realism 10
    38. 38. 4. Realism • Diversity and difference are more likely to produce realistic solutions to problems 10
    39. 39. 4. Realism • Diversity and difference are more likely to produce realistic solutions to problems • The multiple points of view and freedom of expression usually gives a better understanding of the situation 10
    40. 40. 4. Realism • Diversity and difference are more likely to produce realistic solutions to problems • The multiple points of view and freedom of expression usually gives a better understanding of the situation • Humility is a key ingredient because you begin to appreciate other people’s gifts and recognise your own limitations 10
    41. 41. 4. Realism • Diversity and difference are more likely to produce realistic solutions to problems • The multiple points of view and freedom of expression usually gives a better understanding of the situation • Humility is a key ingredient because you begin to appreciate other people’s gifts and recognise your own limitations 10
    42. 42. 5. Contemplation 11
    43. 43. 5. Contemplation • Community is self examining, self-critical, self aware 11
    44. 44. 5. Contemplation • Community is self examining, self-critical, self aware • Contemplation is the key to insight 11
    45. 45. 5. Contemplation • Community is self examining, self-critical, self aware • Contemplation is the key to insight • You don’t reach community and sit back and relax 11
    46. 46. 5. Contemplation • Community is self examining, self-critical, self aware • Contemplation is the key to insight • You don’t reach community and sit back and relax 11
    47. 47. 6. A safe place 12
    48. 48. 6. A safe place • Acceptance and freedom to be yourself is a critical part of community 12
    49. 49. 6. A safe place • Acceptance and freedom to be yourself is a critical part of community • Community is healing - even though that is not the focus of community - more a by product 12
    50. 50. 6. A safe place • Acceptance and freedom to be yourself is a critical part of community • Community is healing - even though that is not the focus of community - more a by product 12
    51. 51. A group of leaders 13
    52. 52. A group of leaders • Total decentralisation of authority 13
    53. 53. A group of leaders • Total decentralisation of authority • Not leaderless - leader-full 13
    54. 54. A group of leaders • Total decentralisation of authority • Not leaderless - leader-full • Flow of leadership 13
    55. 55. A group of leaders • Total decentralisation of authority • Not leaderless - leader-full • Flow of leadership 13
    56. 56. Parker Palmer on C. 14
    57. 57. Parker Palmer on C. • We were created in and for a complex ecology of community 14
    58. 58. Parker Palmer on C. • We were created in and for a complex ecology of community • Community is a gift - not a product 14
    59. 59. Parker Palmer on C. • We were created in and for a complex ecology of community • Community is a gift - not a product • First you must create a capacity for connectedness as an individual. 14
    60. 60. Parker Palmer on C. • We were created in and for a complex ecology of community • Community is a gift - not a product • First you must create a capacity for connectedness as an individual. • Community stems from contemplation - deepest forms of contemplation arise out of failure, suffering, loss. 14
    61. 61. Parker Palmer on C. • We were created in and for a complex ecology of community • Community is a gift - not a product • First you must create a capacity for connectedness as an individual. • Community stems from contemplation - deepest forms of contemplation arise out of failure, suffering, loss. • Communiyty is “That place where the person you least want to live with always lives” and “When they move away, someone else rises to take their place” !!!! 14
    62. 62. Parker Palmer on C. • We were created in and for a complex ecology of community • Community is a gift - not a product • First you must create a capacity for connectedness as an individual. • Community stems from contemplation - deepest forms of contemplation arise out of failure, suffering, loss. • Communiyty is “That place where the person you least want to live with always lives” and “When they move away, someone else rises to take their place” !!!! 14
    63. 63. Parker Palmer on C. 15
    64. 64. Parker Palmer on C. • Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden of Eden” 15
    65. 65. Parker Palmer on C. • Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden of Eden” • Community is about creating “pockets of possibility” within larger organisations. 15
    66. 66. Parker Palmer on C. • Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden of Eden” • Community is about creating “pockets of possibility” within larger organisations. • Leadership within community requires authority - and you can’t take it … it is given. 15
    67. 67. Parker Palmer on C. • Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden of Eden” • Community is about creating “pockets of possibility” within larger organisations. • Leadership within community requires authority - and you can’t take it … it is given. • Community assumes people are resourceful - leaders/ facilitators call upon that resourcefulness and resist being pushed/drawn/forced into traditional leadership (power) roles. 15
    68. 68. Parker Palmer on C. • Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden of Eden” • Community is about creating “pockets of possibility” within larger organisations. • Leadership within community requires authority - and you can’t take it … it is given. • Community assumes people are resourceful - leaders/ facilitators call upon that resourcefulness and resist being pushed/drawn/forced into traditional leadership (power) roles. • Community is about suffering … which happens while you wait for the possibilities in others to become reality 15
    69. 69. Parker Palmer on C. • Community often suffers the romantic image of the “Garden of Eden” • Community is about creating “pockets of possibility” within larger organisations. • Leadership within community requires authority - and you can’t take it … it is given. • Community assumes people are resourceful - leaders/ facilitators call upon that resourcefulness and resist being pushed/drawn/forced into traditional leadership (power) roles. • Community is about suffering … which happens while you wait for the possibilities in others to become reality 15
    70. 70. Community concepts 16
    71. 71. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: 16
    72. 72. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others 16
    73. 73. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others - People are committed to work together and although conflicts occur they are resolved without big dramas. 16
    74. 74. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others - People are committed to work together and although conflicts occur they are resolved without big dramas. - Forgiveness runs freely. 16
    75. 75. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others - People are committed to work together and although conflicts occur they are resolved without big dramas. - Forgiveness runs freely. - People’s strengths are respected and utilised for the good of the group. People’s weaknesses are shared, understood, and accepted. 16
    76. 76. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others - People are committed to work together and although conflicts occur they are resolved without big dramas. - Forgiveness runs freely. - People’s strengths are respected and utilised for the good of the group. People’s weaknesses are shared, understood, and accepted. - You feel safe to try (and possibly fail) new things. 16
    77. 77. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others - People are committed to work together and although conflicts occur they are resolved without big dramas. - Forgiveness runs freely. - People’s strengths are respected and utilised for the good of the group. People’s weaknesses are shared, understood, and accepted. - You feel safe to try (and possibly fail) new things. - People are welcome to participate in the group - it is not just a little club for people who feel the same way. 16
    78. 78. Community concepts • Community is essentially about being a part of a group where: - people can be themselves with fear of being judged or condemned by others - People are committed to work together and although conflicts occur they are resolved without big dramas. - Forgiveness runs freely. - People’s strengths are respected and utilised for the good of the group. People’s weaknesses are shared, understood, and accepted. - You feel safe to try (and possibly fail) new things. - People are welcome to participate in the group - it is not just a little club for people who feel the same way. 16
    79. 79. Community in OE 17
    80. 80. Community in OE • How realistic is it to expect us to experience/ promote community in our OE program? 17
    81. 81. Community in OE • How realistic is it to expect us to experience/ promote community in our OE program? • What are the constraints to establishing true community - what makes it hard for OE? 17
    82. 82. Community in OE • How realistic is it to expect us to experience/ promote community in our OE program? • What are the constraints to establishing true community - what makes it hard for OE? • Should community even be something that we strive for in OE programs? 17
    83. 83. Community in OE • How realistic is it to expect us to experience/ promote community in our OE program? • What are the constraints to establishing true community - what makes it hard for OE? • Should community even be something that we strive for in OE programs? 17
    84. 84. Community on Expo... 18
    85. 85. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? 18
    86. 86. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? 18
    87. 87. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? • Accept people with quite different views of the world to you? 18
    88. 88. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? • Accept people with quite different views of the world to you? • Accept and value people who annoy you and get on your nerves? 18
    89. 89. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? • Accept people with quite different views of the world to you? • Accept and value people who annoy you and get on your nerves? • Be prepared to really let your walls down? 18
    90. 90. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? • Accept people with quite different views of the world to you? • Accept and value people who annoy you and get on your nerves? • Be prepared to really let your walls down? • Not just bite your tongue to avoid conflicts? 18
    91. 91. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? • Accept people with quite different views of the world to you? • Accept and value people who annoy you and get on your nerves? • Be prepared to really let your walls down? • Not just bite your tongue to avoid conflicts? • Speak up in the group? 18
    92. 92. Community on Expo... • Are you prepared/committed to work that hard to reach this “state of group functioning” ? • Forgive people when they hurt you? Current and/or past? • Accept people with quite different views of the world to you? • Accept and value people who annoy you and get on your nerves? • Be prepared to really let your walls down? • Not just bite your tongue to avoid conflicts? • Speak up in the group? 18
    93. 93. Models of group development 19
    94. 94. Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: 19
    95. 95. Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: - Forming 19
    96. 96. Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: - Forming - Storming 19
    97. 97. Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: - Forming - Storming - Norming 19
    98. 98. Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: - Forming - Storming - Norming - Performing 19
    99. 99. Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: - Forming - Storming - Norming - Performing - Mourning/adjourning 19
    100. 100. Models of group development • The most well known is Tuckman and Jensen’s (1977) model of: - Forming - Storming - Norming - Performing - Mourning/adjourning 19
    101. 101. Peck’s stages of community 20
    102. 102. Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community 20
    103. 103. Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community - Pseudocommunity 20
    104. 104. Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community - Pseudocommunity - Chaos 20
    105. 105. Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community - Pseudocommunity - Chaos - Emptiness 20
    106. 106. Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community - Pseudocommunity - Chaos - Emptiness - Community 20
    107. 107. Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community - Pseudocommunity - Chaos - Emptiness - Community • Essentially a sequential model. 20
    108. 108. Peck’s stages of community • Peck’s stages of Community - Pseudocommunity - Chaos - Emptiness - Community • Essentially a sequential model. 20
    109. 109. Pseudocommunity 21
    110. 110. Pseudocommunity • People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all unreal 21
    111. 111. Pseudocommunity • People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all unreal • There is no such thing as instant community 21
    112. 112. Pseudocommunity • People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all unreal • There is no such thing as instant community • Conflict avoidance is the key feature of this stage 21
    113. 113. Pseudocommunity • People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all unreal • There is no such thing as instant community • Conflict avoidance is the key feature of this stage • Minimisation, lack of acknowledgment, or ignoring of individual differences. 21
    114. 114. Pseudocommunity • People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all unreal • There is no such thing as instant community • Conflict avoidance is the key feature of this stage • Minimisation, lack of acknowledgment, or ignoring of individual differences. • Key is not to offend, annoy or irritate anyone - and when people make you feel that way: ignore it, pretend your not bothered, and change the subject (good hostess behaviour) 21
    115. 115. Pseudocommunity • People may pretend to be vulnerable - but it is all unreal • There is no such thing as instant community • Conflict avoidance is the key feature of this stage • Minimisation, lack of acknowledgment, or ignoring of individual differences. • Key is not to offend, annoy or irritate anyone - and when people make you feel that way: ignore it, pretend your not bothered, and change the subject (good hostess behaviour) 21
    116. 116. Chaos 22
    117. 117. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” 22
    118. 118. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. 22
    119. 119. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. • Individual differences are no longer ignored, they are “out”, but the group attempts to obliterate them. 22
    120. 120. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. • Individual differences are no longer ignored, they are “out”, but the group attempts to obliterate them. • Unconstructive, noisy, uncreative … not a lot of fun. 22
    121. 121. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. • Individual differences are no longer ignored, they are “out”, but the group attempts to obliterate them. • Unconstructive, noisy, uncreative … not a lot of fun. • Leader often gets a good serve too ! 22
    122. 122. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. • Individual differences are no longer ignored, they are “out”, but the group attempts to obliterate them. • Unconstructive, noisy, uncreative … not a lot of fun. • Leader often gets a good serve too ! • Tempting to escape into “organisation” - it is a solution to the chaos problem but it will not lead to “true community”. 22
    123. 123. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. • Individual differences are no longer ignored, they are “out”, but the group attempts to obliterate them. • Unconstructive, noisy, uncreative … not a lot of fun. • Leader often gets a good serve too ! • Tempting to escape into “organisation” - it is a solution to the chaos problem but it will not lead to “true community”. • Fighting is far better than pretending you are not divided. It is painful …. But it is a beginning. 22
    124. 124. Chaos • Usually well intentioned but misguided attempts to heal or convert …. “everything would be much better if only you were more like me!” • People resist change which gets the H&C working even harder. • Individual differences are no longer ignored, they are “out”, but the group attempts to obliterate them. • Unconstructive, noisy, uncreative … not a lot of fun. • Leader often gets a good serve too ! • Tempting to escape into “organisation” - it is a solution to the chaos problem but it will not lead to “true community”. • Fighting is far better than pretending you are not divided. It is painful …. But it is a beginning. 22
    125. 125. Emptiness 23
    126. 126. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos 23
    127. 127. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. 23
    128. 128. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions 23
    129. 129. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions • Prejudices (conscious and subconscious.) 23
    130. 130. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions • Prejudices (conscious and subconscious.) • Ideology 23
    131. 131. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions • Prejudices (conscious and subconscious.) • Ideology • The need to heal, convert, fix, or solve (motive is often questionable) 23
    132. 132. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions • Prejudices (conscious and subconscious.) • Ideology • The need to heal, convert, fix, or solve (motive is often questionable) • Need to control 23
    133. 133. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions • Prejudices (conscious and subconscious.) • Ideology • The need to heal, convert, fix, or solve (motive is often questionable) • Need to control • Once people start to empty themselves …. They become receptive to others and ….. They can enter the last stage …. 23
    134. 134. Emptiness • Not an attractive solution to chaos • People empty themselves of barriers to communication - feelings, assumptions, ideas, motives - self protection mechanisms that we have been developing very successfully for years. • Expectations and Preconceptions • Prejudices (conscious and subconscious.) • Ideology • The need to heal, convert, fix, or solve (motive is often questionable) • Need to control • Once people start to empty themselves …. They become receptive to others and ….. They can enter the last stage …. 23
    135. 135. Community 24
    136. 136. Community • Soft quietness descends 24
    137. 137. Community • Soft quietness descends • Where to from here depends on task? - may be to simply experience C and benefit from the healing? 24
    138. 138. Community • Soft quietness descends • Where to from here depends on task? - may be to simply experience C and benefit from the healing? • Always community building first - problem solving second 24
    139. 139. Community • Soft quietness descends • Where to from here depends on task? - may be to simply experience C and benefit from the healing? • Always community building first - problem solving second • May slip back into chaos - need to work back through stages. 24
    140. 140. Community • Soft quietness descends • Where to from here depends on task? - may be to simply experience C and benefit from the healing? • Always community building first - problem solving second • May slip back into chaos - need to work back through stages. • Emotions range from: joyful, loving, to sadness & grief 24
    141. 141. Community • Soft quietness descends • Where to from here depends on task? - may be to simply experience C and benefit from the healing? • Always community building first - problem solving second • May slip back into chaos - need to work back through stages. • Emotions range from: joyful, loving, to sadness & grief • Energy level is almost supernatural (sometimes sexual?)- things going on in a spiritual level 24
    142. 142. Community • Soft quietness descends • Where to from here depends on task? - may be to simply experience C and benefit from the healing? • Always community building first - problem solving second • May slip back into chaos - need to work back through stages. • Emotions range from: joyful, loving, to sadness & grief • Energy level is almost supernatural (sometimes sexual?)- things going on in a spiritual level 24
    143. 143. Fight gracefully 25
    144. 144. Fight gracefully • there are no sides, factions - cliques have been dropped 25
    145. 145. Fight gracefully • there are no sides, factions - cliques have been dropped • Community is a place where conflict can be resolved without bloodshed 25
    146. 146. Fight gracefully • there are no sides, factions - cliques have been dropped • Community is a place where conflict can be resolved without bloodshed • Conflict resolution is a product more than a pre-requisite to community 25
    147. 147. Fight gracefully • there are no sides, factions - cliques have been dropped • Community is a place where conflict can be resolved without bloodshed • Conflict resolution is a product more than a pre-requisite to community 25
    148. 148. Group member 26
    149. 149. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … 26
    150. 150. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours 26
    151. 151. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours 26
    152. 152. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours - Helping behaviours 26
    153. 153. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours - Helping behaviours - Emotional behaviours 26
    154. 154. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours - Helping behaviours - Emotional behaviours - Sub-grouping behaviours 26
    155. 155. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours - Helping behaviours - Emotional behaviours - Sub-grouping behaviours • Today’s message … 26
    156. 156. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours - Helping behaviours - Emotional behaviours - Sub-grouping behaviours • Today’s message … - Before you respond/intervene .. Look beyond behaviour and try to understand possible cause or contributing factors behind behaviour. 26
    157. 157. Group member • According to Trotzer (1989) there are five categories of group member behaviour … - Resisting behaviours - Manipulating behaviours - Helping behaviours - Emotional behaviours - Sub-grouping behaviours • Today’s message … - Before you respond/intervene .. Look beyond behaviour and try to understand possible cause or contributing factors behind behaviour. 26
    158. 158. Let’s get creative... 27
    159. 159. Let’s get creative... 27
    160. 160. Critical thinking & writing
    161. 161. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing:
    162. 162. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing: 1. Analysing and interpreting the experience
    163. 163. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing: 1. Analysing and interpreting the experience 2. Immersion in the topic
    164. 164. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing: 1. Analysing and interpreting the experience 2. Immersion in the topic 3. Asking questions
    165. 165. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing: 1. Analysing and interpreting the experience 2. Immersion in the topic 3. Asking questions 4. Making links
    166. 166. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing: 1. Analysing and interpreting the experience 2. Immersion in the topic 3. Asking questions 4. Making links 5. Understanding the topic from a variety of perspectives
    167. 167. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing: 1. Analysing and interpreting the experience 2. Immersion in the topic 3. Asking questions 4. Making links 5. Understanding the topic from a variety of perspectives 6. Understanding the topic in light of theoretical frameworks
    168. 168. Critical thinking & writing • Seven processes of critical thinking and writing: 1. Analysing and interpreting the experience 2. Immersion in the topic 3. Asking questions 4. Making links 5. Understanding the topic from a variety of perspectives 6. Understanding the topic in light of theoretical frameworks 7. Develop a position and arguments to support it
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