GSDI13-Quebec-SmartCity

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GSDI13-Quebec-SmartCity

  1. 1. 17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 1
  2. 2. Stéphane Roche, Université Laval WithNashid Nabian, Harvard Graduate School of DesignKristian Kloeckl and Carlo Ratti, MIT Senseable City Lab.
  3. 3. Over the next 20 minutes… Smart city anatomy  Is this approach relevant? YES  Is this enough? NO… What a smart city should be? Conclusive remarks17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 3
  4. 4. http://postscapes.com/anatomy-of-a-smart-city17/05/2012GSDI 13 / 4
  5. 5. To what extent smart city is arelevant approach ? Latin “intelligentare” : Understand, Learn and Interact  Sensors Network = Identify : where, when, who, what, how…  IT infrastructure = Analyse and provide senses.  Actuator = React – in real-time17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 5
  6. 6. Why the current deployment isweak?Article Wired.co.uk (http://ht.ly/aNy12) Technologically driven and mainly reflect the most basic functionalities of the Internet of Things, One-size fits all, top-down strategic approach “to sustainability, citizen well-being and economic development”, Smartness limited to efficiency and not about flexibility and adaptability, Citizens not really considered except as passive sensors, Not really scalable (only small scale – city as a whole) …17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 6
  7. 7. Example… CO2GO http://senseable.mit.edu/co2go/17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 7
  8. 8. Example… Aida http://senseable.mit.edu/aida2/17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 8
  9. 9. Example… Copenhagen Wheel http://senseable.mit.edu/copenhagenwheel/17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 9
  10. 10. Citizen Sensing Places17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 10
  11. 11. Spatially enabled Citizen “Spatially enabled society is an evolving concept where location, place and any other spatial information are available to governments, citizens and businesses as a means of organizing their activities and information”. “spatial enablement” : ability to use any geospatial information and location technology as a means to improve spatiality. Spatially enabled citizen – improve his spatial skills.17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 11
  12. 12. Conclusive remarks Technologically enhanced, ICT-driven solutions that spatially enable urban population, contribute to smart operation of the cities. BUT No smart city without spatially enabled citizens with sensing capabilities… AND These capabilities (spatial skills) have to be a central part of any smart city project and, spatial – digital literacy at the core of any Smart City Governance.17/05/2012 GSDI 13 / 12
  13. 13. Stéphane Roche  stephane.roche@scg.ulaval.ca  http://facebook.com/geodoc31  http://www.linkedin.com/in/stephroche  @Geodoc3102/02/2012 Villes et Territoires Numériques / 13
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