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Settlement revision
Settlement revision
Settlement revision
Settlement revision
Settlement revision
Settlement revision
Settlement revision
Settlement revision
Settlement revision
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Settlement revision

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  • 1. Keywords check<br /><ul><li>The movement of people away from urban to rural areas (often as result of urban overcrowding)
  • 2. A negative reason which pushes you away from a certain place, e.g. crime
  • 3. Highly built up areas, e.g. cities &amp; towns
  • 4. Relatively inexpensive &amp; common goods which are purchased frequently, e.g. milk
  • 5. The area of more expensive residential development on the outskirts of urban areas
  • 6. A positive reason that attracts you towards a place, e.g. hope of employment
  • 7. Central Business District, centre of an urban area with commercial value
  • 8. The network of basic facilities &amp; services that society needs in order to function, e.g. transport, communications, medical, etc. .
  • 9. An area/community where people live
  • 10. The countryside
  • 11. Useful products / facilities such as shops, schools, libraries, etc. .
  • 12. Slum areas found in LEDCs, poor quality spontaneous housing
  • 13. The area usually surrounding the CBD which contains terraced working class housing &amp; industry in MEDC cities
  • 14. The process of urban areas spreading outwards
  • 15. More expensive &amp; rarely found goods, e.g. iPads, designer clothing
  • 16. Process of towns / urban areas becoming bigger over time
  • 17. Urbanisation
  • 18. Push Factor
  • 19. Pull Factor
  • 20. Suburb
  • 21. CBD
  • 22. Inner city / Twilight Zone
  • 23. Urban Sprawl
  • 24. Settlement
  • 25. Rural
  • 26. Urban
  • 27. Infrastructure
  • 28. Services
  • 29. Low Order/convenience Goods
  • 30. High Order/specialist Goods
  • 31. Counter-urbanisation
  • 32. Shanty town</li></li></ul><li>Zone 1:<br />Zone 2:<br />Zone 3:<br />Zone 4:<br />Zone 5:<br />The Hoyt Model<br />2<br />1<br />Burgess Urban Model<br />=<br />=<br />=<br />=<br />=<br />
  • 33. Zone 1:<br />Zone 2:<br />Zone 3:<br />Zone 4:<br />Zone 5:<br />1. Leisure and entertainment facilities<br />3. Very few driveways<br />2. Large detached houses with garages<br />4. Most expensive houses<br />6. Semi-detached houses with gardens<br />5. Shops and Offices<br />8. Grew in response to increased car ownership<br />7. Newest<br />11. Lots of public transport links<br />10. Parks and open spaces<br />9. High-rise flats may now replace some run-down areas<br />12. Oldest<br />16. Terraced housing<br />13. Tall high density buildings<br />15. Land is cheaper<br />14. Cheapest housing<br />18. Modern out-of -town shopping centres<br />17. Some garages<br />19. High-value land<br />20. Industry<br />MEDC case study: Portsmouth<br /><ul><li>Grew rapidly with Industrial Revolution / dockyard
  • 34. Changing land-use from industrial to tourism/univeristy/retail
  • 35. Distinct zones but mixed pattern because is an island
  • 36. Inner City, e.g. Fratton
  • 37. Outer Suburbs, e.g. Cosham
  • 38. Why are there tall high density buildings in the CBD?
  • 39. Why are gardens so small in the zone near Priory?
  • 40. Why do driveways become more common the suburbs?
  • 41. Why would retail outlets / hypermarkets be found in the outer suburbs?</li></li></ul><li>Land use model for LEDCs<br />Describe how the pattern of land-use is different from an LEDC to an MEDC urban area:<br />………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………….<br />Exam Qs:<br /><ul><li> Where is the best quality housing found in LEDCs? Why here? (2marks)
  • 42. Where are shanty towns/ favelas located? Explain why. (3marks)
  • 43. Describe the characteristics of shanty towns. (4marks)</li></ul>LEDC case study: Mumbai, India<br /><ul><li>Population 13.8million
  • 44. Density 29’000 people per km sq
  • 45. Dharavi shanty town, 1million people per km sq
  • 46. Average annual income £2780 per person
  • 47. Causes of overcrowding: natural increase, urbanisation
  • 48. Consequences: shanty town growth, disease, poverty, overcrowding, etc.</li></li></ul><li>Increasing frequency of this settlement <br />Increasing population size &amp; services<br />Villages/ <br />Brownfield site:<br />Greenfield site:<br />Capital<br />Cities<br />Towns<br />Villages <br />Hamlets<br />Environmental<br />
  • 49. Land use change Portsmouth:<br />How has Gunwharf changed from 1999-2011?<br />……………………………………………………………………… ..............................................................................<br />How has Southsea around Priory changed? …………………………………………………………………………<br />Why have these changes occurred? ……………………………………………………………………….<br />Are the changes sustainable? ………………………………………………………………………<br />What is sustainability?<br />What problems do cities have that are unsustainable?<br />Case Studies for urban redevelopment / land use change:<br />Portsmouth (Gunwharf Quays / Southsea)<br />London (2012 Olympics / Greenwich Millennium Village)<br />Dubai (Waterfront/ islands)<br />How do you think a city can be made more sustainable?<br />
  • 50. Sustainable urban redevelopment?<br />Dubai<br />Greenwich Millennium Village<br />Gunwharf Quays<br />London 2012 Olympics<br />
  • 51. Quality of Life<br />Out of town shopping centres / supermarkets<br />How has retail provision changed over time?<br />E-tailing<br />Clone towns<br />MNCs<br />Ethical shopping<br />
  • 52. Exam Qs:<br /><ul><li>Describe two changes in retail provision. ………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  • 53. How have these changes in retail provision affected the quality of life of people? …….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………</li></ul>Case study Qs:<br /><ul><li>Name &amp; locate an urban area you have studied………………………………………………………
  • 54. Describe how this urban area has been regenerated …………………………………………..…….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………
  • 55. Explain how this project is sustainable. …………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………</li>

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