Keywords check<br /><ul><li>The movement of people away from urban to rural areas (often as result of urban overcrowding)
A negative reason which pushes you away from a certain place, e.g. crime
Highly built up areas, e.g. cities & towns
Relatively inexpensive & common goods which are purchased frequently, e.g. milk
The area of more expensive residential development on the outskirts of urban areas
A positive reason that attracts you towards a place, e.g. hope of employment
Central Business District, centre of an urban area with commercial value
The network of basic facilities & services that society needs in order to function, e.g. transport, communications, medica...
An area/community where people live
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Settlement revision

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Settlement revision

  1. 1. Keywords check<br /><ul><li>The movement of people away from urban to rural areas (often as result of urban overcrowding)
  2. 2. A negative reason which pushes you away from a certain place, e.g. crime
  3. 3. Highly built up areas, e.g. cities & towns
  4. 4. Relatively inexpensive & common goods which are purchased frequently, e.g. milk
  5. 5. The area of more expensive residential development on the outskirts of urban areas
  6. 6. A positive reason that attracts you towards a place, e.g. hope of employment
  7. 7. Central Business District, centre of an urban area with commercial value
  8. 8. The network of basic facilities & services that society needs in order to function, e.g. transport, communications, medical, etc. .
  9. 9. An area/community where people live
  10. 10. The countryside
  11. 11. Useful products / facilities such as shops, schools, libraries, etc. .
  12. 12. Slum areas found in LEDCs, poor quality spontaneous housing
  13. 13. The area usually surrounding the CBD which contains terraced working class housing & industry in MEDC cities
  14. 14. The process of urban areas spreading outwards
  15. 15. More expensive & rarely found goods, e.g. iPads, designer clothing
  16. 16. Process of towns / urban areas becoming bigger over time
  17. 17. Urbanisation
  18. 18. Push Factor
  19. 19. Pull Factor
  20. 20. Suburb
  21. 21. CBD
  22. 22. Inner city / Twilight Zone
  23. 23. Urban Sprawl
  24. 24. Settlement
  25. 25. Rural
  26. 26. Urban
  27. 27. Infrastructure
  28. 28. Services
  29. 29. Low Order/convenience Goods
  30. 30. High Order/specialist Goods
  31. 31. Counter-urbanisation
  32. 32. Shanty town</li></li></ul><li>Zone 1:<br />Zone 2:<br />Zone 3:<br />Zone 4:<br />Zone 5:<br />The Hoyt Model<br />2<br />1<br />Burgess Urban Model<br />=<br />=<br />=<br />=<br />=<br />
  33. 33. Zone 1:<br />Zone 2:<br />Zone 3:<br />Zone 4:<br />Zone 5:<br />1. Leisure and entertainment facilities<br />3. Very few driveways<br />2. Large detached houses with garages<br />4. Most expensive houses<br />6. Semi-detached houses with gardens<br />5. Shops and Offices<br />8. Grew in response to increased car ownership<br />7. Newest<br />11. Lots of public transport links<br />10. Parks and open spaces<br />9. High-rise flats may now replace some run-down areas<br />12. Oldest<br />16. Terraced housing<br />13. Tall high density buildings<br />15. Land is cheaper<br />14. Cheapest housing<br />18. Modern out-of -town shopping centres<br />17. Some garages<br />19. High-value land<br />20. Industry<br />MEDC case study: Portsmouth<br /><ul><li>Grew rapidly with Industrial Revolution / dockyard
  34. 34. Changing land-use from industrial to tourism/univeristy/retail
  35. 35. Distinct zones but mixed pattern because is an island
  36. 36. Inner City, e.g. Fratton
  37. 37. Outer Suburbs, e.g. Cosham
  38. 38. Why are there tall high density buildings in the CBD?
  39. 39. Why are gardens so small in the zone near Priory?
  40. 40. Why do driveways become more common the suburbs?
  41. 41. Why would retail outlets / hypermarkets be found in the outer suburbs?</li></li></ul><li>Land use model for LEDCs<br />Describe how the pattern of land-use is different from an LEDC to an MEDC urban area:<br />………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………. …………………………………………………………. ………………………………………………………….<br />Exam Qs:<br /><ul><li> Where is the best quality housing found in LEDCs? Why here? (2marks)
  42. 42. Where are shanty towns/ favelas located? Explain why. (3marks)
  43. 43. Describe the characteristics of shanty towns. (4marks)</li></ul>LEDC case study: Mumbai, India<br /><ul><li>Population 13.8million
  44. 44. Density 29’000 people per km sq
  45. 45. Dharavi shanty town, 1million people per km sq
  46. 46. Average annual income £2780 per person
  47. 47. Causes of overcrowding: natural increase, urbanisation
  48. 48. Consequences: shanty town growth, disease, poverty, overcrowding, etc.</li></li></ul><li>Increasing frequency of this settlement <br />Increasing population size & services<br />Villages/ <br />Brownfield site:<br />Greenfield site:<br />Capital<br />Cities<br />Towns<br />Villages <br />Hamlets<br />Environmental<br />
  49. 49. Land use change Portsmouth:<br />How has Gunwharf changed from 1999-2011?<br />……………………………………………………………………… ..............................................................................<br />How has Southsea around Priory changed? …………………………………………………………………………<br />Why have these changes occurred? ……………………………………………………………………….<br />Are the changes sustainable? ………………………………………………………………………<br />What is sustainability?<br />What problems do cities have that are unsustainable?<br />Case Studies for urban redevelopment / land use change:<br />Portsmouth (Gunwharf Quays / Southsea)<br />London (2012 Olympics / Greenwich Millennium Village)<br />Dubai (Waterfront/ islands)<br />How do you think a city can be made more sustainable?<br />
  50. 50. Sustainable urban redevelopment?<br />Dubai<br />Greenwich Millennium Village<br />Gunwharf Quays<br />London 2012 Olympics<br />
  51. 51. Quality of Life<br />Out of town shopping centres / supermarkets<br />How has retail provision changed over time?<br />E-tailing<br />Clone towns<br />MNCs<br />Ethical shopping<br />
  52. 52. Exam Qs:<br /><ul><li>Describe two changes in retail provision. ………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  53. 53. How have these changes in retail provision affected the quality of life of people? …….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………</li></ul>Case study Qs:<br /><ul><li>Name & locate an urban area you have studied………………………………………………………
  54. 54. Describe how this urban area has been regenerated …………………………………………..…….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….…………
  55. 55. Explain how this project is sustainable. …………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………</li>
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