Population management


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  • Useful link: http://www.populationmatters.org/
  • Discuss the difference, learn key term, consider examples.
  • Use ICT to research and produce a resource. Focus on use of PEEL and linking evidence. Work in pairs.
  • Population management

    1. 1. Describe and explain the distribution shown in the map [4marks]
    2. 2. Population density is not necessarily the same thing as overpopulation
    3. 3. How can populations be managed?
    4. 4. Two types of population policy • Anti-natalist = • Pro-natalist =
    5. 5. Incentives vs disincentives
    6. 6. Example countries • Anti-natalist: China, India, Bangladesh • Pro-natalist: France, Germany, Japan
    7. 7. Case study: overpopulation & anti-natalist policy • You choose: e.g. India, China, Bangladesh, Singapore, Kenya. • Create a resource to suit your challenge. GOLD: SILVER: Describe the population pattern in detail. Include key facts linking to development indicators. Suggest and explain problems of overpopulation here. Include a range of key geographic words. Describe and explain the population policy used. Evaluate how successful this has been. Compare to other country’s policies / effectiveness Describe the population pattern for your country. Use some key facts and key words, e.g. $GDP per capita, birth rate, natural increase, etc,. Suggest and describe some problems of overpopulation here. Describe the population management policy using words like ‘anti-natalist’. Evaluate whether this policy has been effective and why. BRONZE: Describe why your country is considered overpopulated, include some facts (e.g. birth rate, natural increase, total population, etc,.) Suggest the impact of this overpopulation on society, economy & environment. Describe the population policy (anti-natalist = aims to reduce birth rate) and discuss how successful the policy has been (use fact).
    8. 8. Pro-natalist policy • Is used usually for declining or ageing populations, e.g. France, Germany, Japan • Create ANY revision resource to explain the pro-natalist policy of France. Must link to key fact – e.g. incentives & disincentives
    9. 9. Case study: pro-natalist policy in France The policies that were put in place to encourage three-children families were: • a cash incentive of £675 monthly (nearly the minimum wage) for a mother to stay off work for one year following the birth of her third child • the 'carte famille nombreuse' (large family card), giving large reductions on train fares • income tax based on the more children the less tax to pay • 3 years paid parental leave, which can be used by mothers or fathers • government subsidised day-care for children under the age of three, and full time school places for over threes paid for by the government • This has resulted in mothers considering having children and remaining in work. The fertility rate in France is one of Europe's highest. Many areas of Europe have a low fertility rate because of the following reasons: • education - people are more aware of the availability of contraception and consequences an unplanned pregnancy can have on their career • women in careers - Women may choose to follow their career choice rather than start a family while young • later marriages – therefore have children later, therefore fewer children (average 1.6 children per woman) • state benefits - couples no longer need children to help care for them when older, so have fewer children France was a country with concerns that professional women were choosing not to have children. The government were worried that the population was not going to replace itself over time.
    10. 10. Pro-natalist policy in France • 1939 introduced the ‘Code du la famille’ a pro-natalist legislation • Originally banned contraceptives (until this was repealed in 1969 as immoral / illegal) • Cash incentives, e.g. pay up to £1068 for the third child • Subsidised holidays / extra paid leave for larger families • Maternity leave for first child is minimum 20weeks, rising to 40 weeks for third child • 100% mortgages / extra credit available to families • Full tax benefits for parents until child reaches 18 • Reduced public transport costs for 3 child families • By 2007, the fertility rate had risen to 1.98 children per woman (from 1.6 in 1968) • BUT – problem in future that this ‘baby boom’ will lead to an ageing population crisis
    11. 11. Exam case study Q “With reference to a case study example, describe and explain how and why a government may choose to adopt a population management policy. Evaluate how successful this strategy is.” [9marks] [3marks SPaG]
    12. 12. Christmas revision homework • Check you know all Population key terms • Revise case studies of population management • Revise migration: key terms, examples of migration • Want to improve your depth of understanding? Watch Hans : http://bit.ly/1eiuZkE