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# Population lesson 2

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• Photocopy pages for each pupil.
• Hyperlink: click on map to visit http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Topic.aspxEach pupil should have 1 each of this map (and consumption map) in article from lesson 1 homework.
• 2012 population, birth rate, death rate, natural increase, projected population change.http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Topic.aspx - 2050 population as a multiple of 2011, birth rate, death rate, rate of natural increase, population projections topics pagesUse GapMinder A3 laminates to support selection of MEDC’s and LEDC’s.Link to article: http://thediplomat.com/china-power/chinas-people-problem/
• ### Population lesson 2

1. 1. Do now… • Maps from memory. • Draw a map of the world. • Label each continent. • Label a country in each continent.
2. 2. How and why are there variations between the population structures of countries? Why is global population changing?
3. 3. Homework – Population growth is all about babies Explain the term ‘natural increase’ ……………………………………………………………………………… ………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..…. Explain the term ‘natural decrease’ ………………… ……………………………………………………..…. ……..…. …………………………………………………………………………. ……………………………..…. ………… When did the population explosion begin? Why did it occur? ……………………………..…. …………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………….. What is ‘exponential growth’? …………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………..…. Why are some parts of the world sparsely populated while others are densely populated? Explain using examples. ……………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………….. …………………………………………………………………………..
4. 4. Exam Qs a. Describe the distribution of countries with the lowest rates of natural increase versus those with the highest rates of natural increase. (4) b. Identify and compare two countries : one with low and one with high rates of natural increase. Use comparisons such as MEDC, LEDC and other development indicators to suggest why these differences exist. (6) Use this from last week Hint…
5. 5. Help! Distribution just means pattern : so identify a pattern of countries and their populations. Natural increase is whether a population is growing or declining (based on birth rate – death rate). a. The countries with the lowest natural increase rates are found mostly in………………………….whereas countries with highest natural increase are found in…………………………. . For example, on average the continent / countries of …………………………………… (pick an area) have highest increase, whereas the countries / continents of ………………………………. have lowest increase. b. One country that has high natural increase rates is …………………………. (pick a country from the map), the percentage increase is …………………..% One country with low natural increase is ……………………………… at ……..% The first is an LEDC because…………………………………which means natural increase will be higher because…………………………….. . Whereas the second country is an MEDC because…………………………………………so therefore natural increase is low due to………………………. Consider: Development indicators like birth rate, death rate, literacy, infant mortality, access to doctors. Access / education on contraception and birth control. Patterns of work, e.g. women in work, education for women, cultural differences.
6. 6. Country 2012 population Birth rate Death rate Natural increase / decrease Projected population 2050 UK 63,212,800 13 9 +4 79,555,900 China 1,350,378,000 12 7 +5 1,310,651,000 +10 more countries… China: why a natural INCREASE in population today, but a DECREASE in population by 2050? Task: 1. Access the population reference bureau website. 2. Complete your table of data, ensuring to choose a balanced mix of LEDC’s and MEDC’s. 3. Plot each country on a world map and shade to show natural increase or decrease. http://www.prb.org/DataFinder/Topic.aspx
7. 7. For example….
8. 8. Population change vs Consumption Is there a relationship between rates of population change and levels of consumption? Explain your response using both MEDC and LEDC examples, and include links to development indicators in your answer. 8 marks.
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