MEDC or LEDC – How do we decide? Starter: Copy down the key terms below. For each make a list of what features/characteristics you would expect each to have, eg. tall buildings, poor housing MEDC – More Economically Developed Country - wealthier LEDC – Less Economically Developed Country - poorer 1
MEDC or LEDC – How do we decide? What problems did you come across when attempting to decide whether a picture represented an MEDC or LEDC? Need to use DATA!!!
Key Terms Standard of Living: Quality of Life: Human Development Index (HDI): A measure of how happy and content people are with their lives, taking into account not only income but also social factors such as access to education and type of housing How well-off a person or country is, focusing purely on economic factors – income and jobs A statistic used to rank countries by level of "human development“, taking into account a country’s GDP (wealth), Education and Life Expectancy
Measures of Development Primary Employment; Birth Rate; Infant Mortality; Life Expectancy; GDP; Death Rate; Energy Per Person; Food Intake; GDP per capita; Literacy Rate; People per doctor The total of all money produced per year by a country’s workers The percentage of people in the country employed in primary occupations The average number of years a person can expect to live Number of patients divided by the number of doctors The amount of energy which each person in the country uses per year The number of deaths per year per 1000 people The wealth shared out equally among all the people of a country Number of adults who can read and write in every 100 people The number of children per year out of every 1000 born alive that die before they reach the age of one Number of kilocalories (kcals) each person in the country takes in each day The number of births per year per 1000 people Economic Social
Rich countries Little Trade High birth and death rates A lot of trade High infant mortality The North Poor countries Japan, USA and UK High literacy rate Rapid population growth The South Low literacy rate Slow population growth Poor education and health care Europe, North America and Australasia High GDP per capita Good education and health care Brazil, Kenya and Egypt Low GDP per capita Africa, South America and SE Asia Low infant mortality Low birth and death rates Developed countries - Economic Developing countries - Economic Developed countries - Social Developing countries - Social
USA UK Norway Niger Mozambique Mexico Kenya Japan Italy India Iceland Haiti Germany France Ethiopia China Canada Burkina Brazil Australia Rank HDI Rank GDP/capita Country
How do I rank data? 2 17,075,200 0.5 9,629,091 244,820 Land area (sq km) Monaco Russia Vatican City USA UK Rank (biggest = 1) Country
Is there a pattern to the distribution of MEDCs and LEDCs across the World? MEDC LEDC
Can you identify any patterns for the distribution of LEDCs and MEDCs from your map? What do you think the line on your map (Brandt Line) divides?
For 1 MEDC and 1 LEDC use your Atlas to identify other data which supports your classification. Attempt to explain any relationships you find between other development indicators and wealth
What are the limitations of using Atlas data? It is important you consider limitations of data you use in your controlled assessment!!!