Steven Eglinton: Geo-Enabling Local Communities in Brazil

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  • 1. Geo-Enabling Local Communities in Brazil Steven Eglinton
  • 2. Agenda
    • Introduction to myself
    • Introduction to Iracambi
    • Maps and GIS at Iracambi
    • Future of Maps at Iracambi
    • Conclusions
  • 3. Introduction
    • Steven Eglinton
    • Principal Geospatial Consultant
    • GeoEnable Ltd, London
    • Iracambi GIS International Advisory Committee, MG, Brazil
  • 4. I will cover
    • The Atlantic Rainforest needs GIS
    • Techniques and strategies devised to show covert mining activity to communities
    • Other ways GIS is used at this unique research institute
    • How the ‘Geo Web’ has and will change things
  • 5. What is Iracambi?
    • Iracambi Atlantic Rainforest Research
    • and
    • Conservation Centre
  • 6. Iracambi’s Aims
    • 1) To make the conservation of the Atlantic Rainforest more appealing than its destruction
    • 2) To research, develop and support sustainable sources of income
    • 3) To inventory, monitor and promote endangered species in the forest
    • 4) To act as a hub for the community
  • 7. Iracambi, Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • 8. Iracambi
    • One of the world's top five biodiversity hotspots (Conservation International) the Atlantic Rainforest of Brazil is in a critical state.
    •  
    • At the Iracambi Research Center they are working on the cutting edge of sustainable development. Their job is to find better ways of managing both forested and cleared land and work with the local community to figure out ways that both forests and people can flourish.
  • 9. Atlantic Rainforest, Brazil
  • 10.  
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. GIS at Iracambi
    • The four main areas are GIS and land management, forest restoration, environmental education and community outreach and the search for alternative income sources, focusing on the medicinal plants native to the forests.
  • 15.  
  • 16. Cartography, GIS and Land Survey at Iracambi
    • Slow start with occasional specialists
    • GPS surveys over-laid with 1:50k map
    • Quickly demand was great
    • Boost with long-term management
    • Main issues are always with information management and continuity
  • 17. CBERS - China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite Volunteers Researchers Directors Community Geospatial Information Flow Brazil, UK, USA
  • 18. Early Efforts (2001)
  • 19. Better? Better? Useful?
  • 20. Land Use (2004)
  • 21.  
  • 22. Land Surveys
    • All with regular GPS – accuracy +/- 5m
    • Walking/Hiking
    • Horseback
    • Lessons Learnt
    • 1) Land constantly changing
    • 2) Area too large to cover
    • 3) Terrain
    • 4) Seasonality
    • 5) Skill sets required – gathering & Processing
  • 23. Horse-back Surveys
    • Garmin GPS 12
    • Dictation Machine
    • ESRI ArcGIS Software
    • Free app to convert from GPS unit to GIS software
    • Horse!
  • 24. Was a great opportunity to meet with local communities
  • 25. Mining Threat
    • In November 2003 it was discovered by chance that a mining company, Rio Pomba Empresa de Mineração, was seeking a licence to mine bauxite in the Serra das Aranhas, on Iracambi’s western boundary.
    • GIS has been instrumental in monitoring this activity
    • For the first, time to show how mining activity could affect land and local communities
    • Show activities in relationship to designated areas
  • 26. Mining in the State Park and APAs (2005)
    • Scan official environmental designation maps
    • Survey other designations
    • Geo-reference
    • Add other reference layers
    • Add homes and settlements
    • Research and create mining areas
    • Publish for consultation
    • Use maps in legal cases
    • Won actions against mining companies
    • Document and teach others
    • Now – Published via Web map
  • 27. In the meeting, two important declarations were made by Government: firstly, that they will require the mining company to seek the approval of the State Park authorities for all mining undertakings within the Park buffer zone and, secondly, the Park Authority stated that it would not give such approval without the agreement of the State Park council, on which representatives of the local communities and other concerned bodies (including Iracambi). This is a major step forward in recognising the necessity of more serious discussion of the protection of the areas biodiversity . Outcomes of Legal Actions Using Mapped Evidence:
  • 28. Other uses
    • Locations of medicinal plants
    • Optimal growth zones
    • 3D models
    • Catchments area calculations
    • Species monitoring
    • Change detection of vegetation
    • Illustration of proximity of environmental designations
  • 29. Aerial Imagery / Satellite Imagery (2005)
    • Aerial Imagery
    • (2004)
    • CBERS
    • (2005)
    • IKONOS images
    • (Aug 2009)
  • 30. GeoWeb: Iracambi Web Map
    • Addition of KML files on main site (2008)
    • Web Map Requirements Gathering (2008)
    • Pilot Web Map launched (later 2008)
    • Further requirements and Development (2009)
    • Work in progress (present - ongoing)
    • Participatory / Collaborative tool
    • Main Information Portal
    • WEB SITE: www.geoenabling.com
  • 31. CBERS - China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite Volunteers Researches Directors Community Web Map
  • 32. Identify and challenge previously convert mining activities :
  • 33. Links to more Info:
  • 34.  
  • 35. Recent Visitors
  • 36. Thoughts of the Future
    • Web Services! - GeoRSS feeds, KML feeds
    • More Standards: ISO, EU INSPIRE Directive
    • Geospatial data as a service not a hard-copy or web map. ‘Pay-per-view’
    • Paper is still very useful in some environments!
    • GIS is simply a tool – we need to focus on its practical application in more varied ways
    • The ‘GeoWeb’ offers a great delivery and participatory opportunity
  • 37. Thank You – ANY QUESTIONS?
    • Contact me for more about this work:
    • [email_address]