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Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
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Martin Laker: What Place is that then?

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Martin Laker: What Place is that then? Martin Laker: What Place is that then? Presentation Transcript

  • What Place is that then?
    • Martin Laker
    • Bath & North East Somerset Council
  • What place is that then?
  • Traditional units of local government from Saxon times to late 19 th Century
    • COUNTY
    • HUNDRED
    • PARISH
    • TOWNSHIP
  • Complications….
    • 1. Regional variations in nomenclature
    • 2. Borders of the units were not always co-incident with those at other levels
    • 3. Areas could be common to two more units
    • 4. Detached portions
    • 5. Exceptions – areas which fell outside the hierarchy at one or more levels.
  • Regional variations
    • Somerset “I live in the tithing of X in the hundred of Y”
    • Yorkshire “I live in the township of X in the wapentake of Y”
  • Common areas
  • Detached areas
  •  
  • Parliamentary enclosure in Cumbria
  • Exceptions
    • COUNTY County corporate
    • HUNDRED Liberty
    • PARISH Extra-parochial place
    • TOWNSHIP (no name)
  • Extra parochial places
    • Royal forests
    • Royal castles
    • Cathedral closes
    • Some monastic buildings in boroughs and cities
    • Land reclaimed from the foreshore (parish structure stopped at HWM until 1868)
    • Off-shore islands and other bits that never made it into the parochial structure or that managed to escape
  • I don’t have time to tell you about….
    • Stinted land
    • The Soke of Peterborough
    • Sock Dennis
    • Cinque Ports
    • The Forest of Dean
    • Berwick-upon-Tweed
    • and hundreds of others….
  • Relevance to us today
    • Locating old records
    • Defining places and localities
    • BS7666
  • OS Boundary Files
    • Original at NRO, Kew. Photo courtesy of Dr Y. Hodson
  •