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Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
Martin Laker: What Place is that then?
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Martin Laker: What Place is that then?

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  • 1. What Place is that then? <ul><li>Martin Laker </li></ul><ul><li>Bath &amp; North East Somerset Council </li></ul>
  • 2. What place is that then?
  • 3. Traditional units of local government from Saxon times to late 19 th Century <ul><li>COUNTY </li></ul><ul><li>HUNDRED </li></ul><ul><li>PARISH </li></ul><ul><li>TOWNSHIP </li></ul>
  • 4. Complications…. <ul><li>1. Regional variations in nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>2. Borders of the units were not always co-incident with those at other levels </li></ul><ul><li>3. Areas could be common to two more units </li></ul><ul><li>4. Detached portions </li></ul><ul><li>5. Exceptions – areas which fell outside the hierarchy at one or more levels. </li></ul>
  • 5. Regional variations <ul><li>Somerset “I live in the tithing of X in the hundred of Y” </li></ul><ul><li>Yorkshire “I live in the township of X in the wapentake of Y” </li></ul>
  • 6. Common areas
  • 7. Detached areas
  • 8. &nbsp;
  • 9. Parliamentary enclosure in Cumbria
  • 10. Exceptions <ul><li>COUNTY County corporate </li></ul><ul><li>HUNDRED Liberty </li></ul><ul><li>PARISH Extra-parochial place </li></ul><ul><li>TOWNSHIP (no name) </li></ul>
  • 11. Extra parochial places <ul><li>Royal forests </li></ul><ul><li>Royal castles </li></ul><ul><li>Cathedral closes </li></ul><ul><li>Some monastic buildings in boroughs and cities </li></ul><ul><li>Land reclaimed from the foreshore (parish structure stopped at HWM until 1868) </li></ul><ul><li>Off-shore islands and other bits that never made it into the parochial structure or that managed to escape </li></ul>
  • 12. I don’t have time to tell you about…. <ul><li>Stinted land </li></ul><ul><li>The Soke of Peterborough </li></ul><ul><li>Sock Dennis </li></ul><ul><li>Cinque Ports </li></ul><ul><li>The Forest of Dean </li></ul><ul><li>Berwick-upon-Tweed </li></ul><ul><li>and hundreds of others…. </li></ul>
  • 13. Relevance to us today <ul><li>Locating old records </li></ul><ul><li>Defining places and localities </li></ul><ul><li>BS7666 </li></ul>
  • 14. OS Boundary Files <ul><li>Original at NRO, Kew. Photo courtesy of Dr Y. Hodson </li></ul>
  • 15. &nbsp;

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