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Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?
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Bob Barr: What are Core Reference Geographies?

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  • 1. <ul><li>What are Core Reference Geographies? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we need them, and, if so, how should we deliver them? </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Barr </li></ul><ul><li>Manchester Geomatics and </li></ul><ul><li>The University of Manchester </li></ul><ul><li>Christopher Roper </li></ul><ul><li>Landmark Information Group </li></ul>
  • 2. Overview <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Historical Background </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Core Reference Geography? </li></ul><ul><li>Making Core Reference Geographies useful </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  • 3. Core Reference Geography “ Commonly used geographic datasets that provide a framework for linking and integrating other geo-referenced information as well as providing key contextual information”. Robin McLaren 25 September 2006 and Place Matters: the Location Strategy for the United Kingdom
  • 4.  
  • 5. Historical background <ul><li>The age of optimism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Geospatial Data Framework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modernising government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK Standard Geographic Base Project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Exclusion Unit PAT 18 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Better Information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NLIS </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Modernising Government “ Joined-up government in action – including a clear commitment for people to be able to notify different parts of government of details such as a change of address simply and electronically in one transaction.” Modernising Government White Paper
  • 7. A core reference dataset <ul><li>Domain Naming System – DNS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.agi.org.uk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>194.131.210.130 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulated by ICANN </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Administered by private registrars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Funded from registration fees and </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet Provider service charges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freely available at point of use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Distributed environment maintained in real time </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 8. Geographic data <ul><li>Tolerance of error </li></ul><ul><li>Disconnects in costs, benefits and revenues </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional intransigence </li></ul>
  • 9. What needs to be done <ul><li>Make the public interest case </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the Core Reference Geographies </li></ul><ul><li>Fund their delivery sustainably </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a lightweight governance model </li></ul>
  • 10. What needs to be recognised <ul><li>Core Reference Geographies: </li></ul><ul><li>Are definitive </li></ul><ul><li>Should be collected and maintained once and used many times </li></ul><ul><li>Are Natural monopolies </li></ul><ul><li>Have variable value in different applications </li></ul><ul><li>Have highly elastic demand </li></ul>
  • 11. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height) </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses </li></ul><ul><li>Streets </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 12. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height) </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses </li></ul><ul><li>Streets </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 13. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses </li></ul><ul><li>Streets </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 14. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses </li></ul><ul><li>Streets </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 15. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses  </li></ul><ul><li>Streets </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 16. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses  </li></ul><ul><li>Streets  </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 17. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses  </li></ul><ul><li>Streets  </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership  </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 18. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses  </li></ul><ul><li>Streets  </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership  </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography  </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 19. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses  </li></ul><ul><li>Streets  </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership  </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography  </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries  </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries </li></ul>
  • 20. The candidates <ul><li>Geodetic Framework  </li></ul><ul><li>Topographic Mapping (including height)  </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Names  </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses  </li></ul><ul><li>Streets  </li></ul><ul><li>Land and Property Ownership  </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrology / Hydrography  </li></ul><ul><li>Statistical Boundaries  </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative Boundaries  </li></ul>
  • 21. Funding <ul><li>ONS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Click Use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ordnance Survey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full cost recovery through trading </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HMLR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed dissemination cost and ‘market’ price </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. Consequences <ul><li>Association of Census Distributors </li></ul><ul><li>OPSI complaint against </li></ul><ul><li>Ordnance Survey </li></ul>
  • 23. Consequences <ul><li>Association of Census Distributors </li></ul><ul><li>OPSI complaint against </li></ul><ul><li>Ordnance Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Result </li></ul>
  • 24. Consequences <ul><li>Association of Census Distributors </li></ul><ul><li>OPSI complaint against </li></ul><ul><li>Ordnance Survey </li></ul><ul><li>Result </li></ul><ul><li>Ordnance Survey business model, and admission of cross subsidy, accepted </li></ul>
  • 25. Location Strategy “ Currently, too few government-owned datasets that incorporate location can be easily assembled and analysed with reliability from across local and central government bodies. There remains too much duplication, too little reuse, and too few linkages across datasets which are required to support policy implementation in, for example, planning, housing, flooding, social exclusion and traffic management.”
  • 26. Conclusion <ul><li>Location Strategy for the United Kingdom is very important </li></ul><ul><li>The potential full or part privatisations Royal Mail, Ordnance Survey and HMLR are a critical point in time </li></ul><ul><li>Core Reference Geographies should be excluded from the sales as tradable commodities </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable funding should be secured from registration fees or hypothecation </li></ul>
  • 27. That’s it! [email_address] [email_address]

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