IntroductionNowadays this is the most importantsectorDuring the last decades this sectoroccupes about half the activepopulation or even more.
IntroductionThe reasons for the development of thissector are: Industrial crisis: many workers passed from the industry to the services Entrance in the EU: they needed to accommodate to the EU’s policy Autonomic process: public sector has developed a lot.
TransportsCommunications are not easy due tothe reliefHuge inversions have been requiredThere are the link between thePeninsula and EuropeRoad transport has substitutedthe railway.
Transports : RoutesThe modern net is developingconstantlyThe main roads are: Bilbao-Behobia motorway N-1 Madrid-Irun, it is the spine of the transports.
Transports : RailwayThere are two kinds: Wide width: the one linking with the Meseta Narrow width: it has fulfilled the needs of the industryThe direct link between the Basque capitals isscarceThe capitals will be linked with the HighSpeed Train, the project known as theBasque Y.
Transports : Sea transportsIt is essential for commercial relationswith foreign countriesThe main ports are Bilbao, Pasajes andBayonaBermeo’s port is important as a fishingone.
Transports: Air transportsThere are five airports: Loiu, Foronda,Biarritz, Hondarribia and NoainLoiu is the most importantThe main problems are relief andweather conditions.
TourismIt has not been too important in the economyin generalWeather has influenced beach tourismThe most important places are: San Sebastian BiarritzNowadays the Basque Autonomouscommunity is the second one in Biscay’s Gulfconsidering the number of tourist and thenumber of nights they spend in the region.
TourismThe hotels’ offer tends to concentrate incapitalsThis tourism is normally linked to twoactivities: Business and commercial relations Free time: Landscape Art Culture Gastronomy
TourismThe most traditional places are: Coast of Lapurdi (Biarritz was the precursor) Guipuzcoan coast (tourists of medium-high level) Biscay’s coast (Basque people tend to visit these places).
TourismRural tourism is developing: Attractive: Natural environment Art and culture accessible Rural houses are cheaper than hotels Many “baserris” are being adapted.
TourismNavarre: Santiago’s Route is the main line: monuments dating back to the Middle Ages Rural tourism houses have developed a lot during the last years.
TourismIn the Basque Autonomous Communitythe following factors have influenced: Green tourism is attractive for those looking for a not too warm climate but in contact with nature Progressive introduction of Basque products in all the programmes of different business.
TourismOne of the aims is to recover professional tourism,at once with the economic developmentIncrease of foreign and Spanish tourists’ numberPublicity campaigns launched in different media topromote our region (Pais Vasco, ven y cuéntalo)One problem for tourism was the lack of politicalstability, quite forgotten nowadays.
TourismNew possibilities of tourism (summary): Rural tourism: peasants and livestocks’ owners offer touristy services Ecotourism: it takes advantage of the attractive of natural landscapes, natural parks and protected areas Congress and fairs: with new infrastructures (Euskalduna, Kursaal) Cultural: Guggenheim museum is the token of this kind of tourism.
TourismSegments that have increased: Business and congress Rural tourism Coastal tourismOrigin of tourists: Catalonia and Madrid Aragon and limiting communities Foreigners (Guggenheim effect)
CommerceCommercial structure has not evolvedtoo muchModern forms are reserved to newregionsThe most developed big commercialcentres the bigger crisis for retailcommerce.
CommerceFinances backed industries and thanksto this: Big private banks: BBV Public saving banks: Kutxa Services for business.
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