What are the Istanbul Principles? Where do they come from? Where are they going? And why do they matter?
What are the Istanbul Principles? (And what implicationsdo they have for our work in Canada) – PART II Public Engagement Hub Webinar, November 8, 2011
Parts I & II: Presentations• Part I: Aid vs. development effectiveness• Part II: The Istanbul Principles (IP) – inprinciple and practice •Accra and civil society •A time for self-reflection •The Open Forum Process •The International Framework and the IP •The Eight Principles – in theory and practice •Current status ahead of Busan •Looking ahead – the Open Forum, CCIC, the ICN and you!
Aid vs. Dev’t. EffectivenessCharity JusticeSymptoms of poverty Root causesHuman needs Human rightsTrickle-down Equitable distributionShort term results Long-term outcomesDonor driven All dev’t actors*Women’s equality Gender equalityJobs Decent workA-political delivery Politics and power
CSO response post-Accra: The BetterAid PlatformChanging the discourse Evaluate and deepen Paris and Accra Move beyond aid to development effectiveness (results → outcomes) Centrality of rights-based approach, gender equality and decent work Support CSOs as development actors and commit to an enabling environment Make current aid architecture equitable and just
Back to Accra – One step forward•Recognizes CSOs as “independentdevelopment actors in their own right” (§20) Beyond just service delivery providers Aid donors ($20-25 bn) and channels ($9 bn) Aid recipients and development actors – own priorities, programs, partnerships Change agents – policy, advocacy, accountability•CSOs part of WP-Eff process
Accra: One step forwardAccra envisaged the following for CSOs To “broaden country-level policy dialogue on development” (preparing, implementing, monitoring nat’l dev’t policies and plans) (Para 13a). To “deepen our engagement with CSOs as independent actors in their own right…[so CSO can] reach their full potential” (Para 20), AND “We will work with CSOs to provide an enabling environment that maximises their contributions to development” (Para 20.c).
Accra: One step forwardBUT, “enabling environment” key element legal frameworks and mechanisms to provide for freedom of association, right to organize and participate in national decision-making, free and open media, etc.And since then, increase“disabling environment”
A time for reflection…•Response to external criticisms of CSOs: •Aid effectiveness (implementing PD) •Legitimacy (impacts, representation, credibility) •Transparency (to constituencies) •Accountability (volunteerism)•And internal criticisms •North-South relationships •INGOs and local CSOs •Solidarity •Multiplicity
The Open ForumObjectives1. Create an open process, through country-based, sectoral/thematic, regional and global consultations and multi-stakeholder dialogue.2. Develop a common CSO vision on DE .3. Agree on common principles of CSO DE.4. Provide guidance on how to apply the principles.5. Articulate the minimum standards for an enabling environment for CSOs.
The Open Forum 70 NATIONAL CONSULTATIONS 6 THEMATIC PROCESSES 11 REGIONAL WORKSHOPS 2 GLOBAL ASSEMBLIES INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR CSO DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESSIstanbul Principles for CSO Statement on CSO Conditions for EnablingDevelopment Effectiveness Accountability Environment
Overview of the1. Introduction International Framework • Reiterating commitment to CSO DE • Understanding of DE (and definition of CSO) • What is unique about CSOs2. Reiteration of each principle, further background and then guidance3. Strengthening mechanisms for CSO Accountability • Existing practice • Challenges to strengthening • Principles to guide stronger accountability practice4. Critical conditions for enabling environment for CSOs
So what are the eight Istanbul Principles?1. Respect and promote human rights and social justice.2. Embody gender equality and equity while promoting women and girls’ rights.3. Focus on people’s empowerment, democratic ownership and participation.4. Promote environmental sustainability.5. Practice transparency and accountability.6. Pursue equitable partnerships and solidarity.7. Create and share knowledge and commit to mutual learning.8. Commit to realizing positive sustainable change.
…and what does this look like in practice?1. Human rights: CIDA policy on disability (Handicap International), RBA (CCIC)2. Gender equality: Feminitarianism, farmers co-ops (Oxfam Canada).3. Ownership and participation: Haitian beneficiaries texting (Oxfam Québec), budget monitoring4. Environmental sustainability: Integrating climate change into development (Care Canada)5. Transparency and accountability: IATI compliant (EWB), Keystone Accountability (Oxfam Canada).
The Istanbul Principles in practice6. Equitable partnerships: Transparent budget and agreements (CHF-Partners in Rural Development)7. Knowledge and mutual learning: Haiti/Pakistan evaluation (Humanitarian Coalition)8. Realizing positive sustainable change: Disaster risk reduction (CHF, Aga Khan), Climate pilot (CARE).
Busan and the IP• IP and Siem Reap CSO consensus key input for Busan• Referenced in Para 19, 3rd Draft Outcome Document (see next slide for details• Officially endorsed by the hosts, South Korea• BetterAid part of negotiating team• Lost Accra space on policy dialogue• Our minimum demands around enabling environment uncertain
For reference: Para 19 BOD“19. Civil society organisations (CSOs) play a vital role inshaping development policies and new partnerships,overseeing their implementation. They also provide servicesin areas that are complementary to or go beyond thoseprovided for by states. Recognising this, we will:a) Implement fully our respective commitments to enable civil society organisations to exercise their roles as independent development actors, with a particular focus on an enabling environment that maximises the contributions of CSOs to development.b) Encourage CSOs to implement practices that strengthen their own effectiveness, accountability and contribution to development results, guided by the Istanbul CSO Development Effectiveness Principles.”
Post-Busan, the IP and Canada• Form and function of the OF post-Busan• Implementation and Advocacy toolkits• Pre/Post -Busan – Canadian engagement (2012-13) • CCIC AGM – endorsed support for working on IP • Workshops on DE with ICN, PE Hub, pre-Busan event, blog • Survey of CCIC and ICN members (January-February) • Popular materials on each IP with case studies • Modules on three or four of the IPs (2011) and workshops
2012: And what about you?1. What is the thing you do best?2. How could you strengthen your own development effectiveness on each of the Principles? in the areas where you are weakest?3. What are the challenges? What tools would you need?4. What role could CCIC/ICN play in facilitating this?
www.aideffectiveness.org www.betteraid.org www.cso-effectiveness.org No of hte www.ccic.ca THANK YOU!! Fraser Reilly-King Policy Analyst (Aid)+1 613 241-7007, ext. 315 firstname.lastname@example.org