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Aid Effectiveness vs. Development Effectiveness – Is There A Difference?

Aid Effectiveness vs. Development Effectiveness – Is There A Difference?






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    Aid Effectiveness vs. Development Effectiveness – Is There A Difference? Aid Effectiveness vs. Development Effectiveness – Is There A Difference? Presentation Transcript

    • What is effective development? (And what makes itdifferent from effective aid?) – PART I Public Engagement Hub Webinar, October 31, 2011
    • Part I: Presentation• Part I: What is aid effectiveness? •Paris, Accra and on to Busan• What is development effectiveness? •Initial ideas •Four strands and the CSO take •Aid vs development effectiveness •DE in practice
    • Part II: Presentation•Part II: The Istanbul Principles (IP) – inprinciple and practice •Accra and civil society •The Open Forum Process •The IP and the Siem Reap Consensus •Enabling environment •Where are things at in Busan? •Looking ahead – CCIC, the ICN, Canada and the Open Forum
    • What is aid effectiveness?“…relates to measures that improvethe quality of the aid relationship,primarily focusing on the terms andconditions of the resource transferitself.”And anticipates countries being able tohandle scaled-up degrees of aid
    • The Paris DeclarationTo guide donors and partner governmentsbe more effective in their aid delivery:• Ownership• Alignment• Harmonization• Managing for results• Mutual accountabilityMonitoring framework35 donors; 26 multilaterals; 56 recipients
    • Why does this matter?• 4000 aid relationships globally (56 countries)• 50 % of all relations represent only 5% aid• 14,420 missions in 55 countries (2007), with 752 alone in Vietnam and 590 in IndonesiaOECD stats
    • The downsides of Paris• Ownership – donor to government, but…• Alignment – to donor priorities, and now…• Harmonization – projects to programs…• Managing for results – from short term results , to “value for money”• Mutual accountability – upwards more than downwards• Current small levels of aid…
    • …and on to Accra …• Mid-way review to 2010• Action on predictability, transparency (IATI), orphans, and (again) on untying aid• Ownership through country systems (TA, procurement) and broader inclusion• CSOs as independent development actors and members of the WP-Eff• BUT maintained conditionalities; no time-bound monitorable commitments
    • Paris and the aid effectiveness journey Korea HLF- Bogota Statement 4 (2011) on SSC (2010) Accra Agenda for Action – HLF-3 (2008) Paris Declaration Dili Declaration on Aid Effectiveness on fragile states – HLF-2 (2005) (2010) Rome Declaration on Harmonisation – HLF-1 (2003) MonterreyConsensus (2002)
    • …and now Korea…then?BOD - Reaffirmation of Paris and Accra,but…what to do about:• New donors (BASIC, Gates, Vertical funds)• New actors (emerging, CSOs, private sector)• New issues (aid orphans, S-S, fragile states, fragmentation, climate)• And an uncertain architecture
    • …and what of Canada?• Frozen aid budget• Three strategic priorities : MNCH, food security, sustainable economic growth• Focus!• And for Busan: • Results and “value for money” • New era of aid transparency • Accountability (but to whom) • The Private Sector as the engine of everything
    • What is development effectiveness? What do you think??
    • Reflections from the video• Democratic ownership and listening gov’ts• Sharing the benefits of development• Improving the conditions of people’s lives and the outcomes and impacts of aid• Enhancing people’s ability to exercise rights• Addressing the causes + impacts of poverty• Meaningful, sustainable, accountable dev’t• That women are part of development• About actors and lives, not aid
    • “Development effectiveness”• “No clear definition (or universally accepted definition) of development effectiveness”• Four strands (NSI) of DE: • As organizational effectiveness (WB, IADB); • As policy coherence (how non-aid affects aid); • As development outcomes from aid (e.g. mechanisms to achieve gender equality); • As overall development process and outcomes.• DE now a big issue for Busan
    • Civil society and DE“…[DE] addresses the causes as wellas the symptoms of poverty, inequalityand marginalization, through thediversity and complementarity ofinstruments, policies and actors[…and] deepen[s] the impact of aid anddevelopment cooperation on thecapacities of poor and marginalizedpeople to realize their rights […] ”
    • DE 1, 2, 3 vs. DE 4 “Conditions for realizing development effectiveness goals must include measureable commitments to improve the effectiveness of aid.” Development effectiveness Development effectivenessAid Etc. Aid Security effectiveness Trade Invest- Immigra- ment tion
    • Aid vs. Dev’t. EffectivenessCharity JusticeSymptoms of poverty Root causesHuman needs Human rightsTrickle-down Equitable distributionShort term results Long-term outcomesDonor driven All dev’t actors*Women’s equality Gender equalityJobs Decent workA-political delivery Politics and power
    • So now what?
    • CSO response post-Accra: The BetterAid PlatformChanging the discourse Evaluate and deepen Paris and Accra Move beyond aid to development effectiveness (results → outcomes) Centrality of rights-based approach, gender equality and decent work Support CSOs as development actors and commit to an enabling environment Make current aid architecture equitable and justQ and A (Part II – next week Nov 8)
    • www.nsi-ins.ca/english/ pdf/NewAgendaV7.pdf www.betteraid.org No of hte www.cso-effectiveness.org www.ccic.ca THANK YOU!! Fraser Reilly-King Policy Analyst (Aid)+1 613 241-7007, ext. 315 freillyking@ccic.ca