Stanley Milgram, Allen Funt, and Me Postwar Social Sciences and the “First Wave” of Reality TV• Who is Milgram, Funt & Siepmann?• “First Wave” of reality TV• Links to the Social SciencesChrissy KeeleyGenna PrestonAntonio Ferrera
Important PeopleCharles Siepmann: important TV and radio critic inPostwar time, advocate of public servicebroadcastingAllen Funt: Created some of the first “candidshows” including Candid Camera, Children of theUN, and What do you Say to a Naked LadyStanley Milgram: Social Scientist from Yale whoused Funt’s work “as a template for theirexperimental situations (Milgrams experiment).
First Wave Reality TV• Emerged in the 1950’s• Different from the normal propaganda films, industrial films to human interest stories• Advocated for social change by examining cultural values and social issues. For example a hidden camera film on the judiciary system: Jury Duty which showed all the ways people tried to get out of jury duty.• Candid Camera was a very funny reality TV show…• Omnibus: show that “was designed to appeal to minority taste group.” Viewers were looking to better themselves in cultural understanding, education, and responsible citizenship
Links to the Social Sciences• Ford Foundation: funded cultural programs and studies• “Culture from the perspective of the Ford Foundation, was all about producing an American populace capable of stepping up to the challenge of citizenship in an internationalist United States.”• In 1955 they paid Funt for his Omnibus films• Also in 1955 they gave money to Milgram to finance his research in behavioral sciences
Links to the Social Sciences• Reality TV shows like Candid Camera used deception and manipulation.• Stanley Milgram who conducted experiments about obedience may have modeled his famously unethical shock experiment after Candid Camera• While there is no direct evidence that linked Milgram’s work to Funt’s Candid Camera there is plenty of evidence that suggests that Milgram modeled his experiment on the reality TV series• “Both created situations in which unwitting individuals are observed responding to, and performing within, unusual or extreme social situations– and even their dependence on ordinary people.”
Links to the Social Sciences• Many social scientists became interested in Candid Camera because the predictability of human behavior was heavily funded mainly because of the Cold War• Candid Camera also showed the conformity to obediencehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=GlIyD15KS6s
Candid SituationsWhat if a dying relative askedfor assistance in Euthanasia?What if you found a wallet on thefloor with $300 and ID?What if you a someone beatingtheir child in public?