The newspaper industry has been radically transformed by computer technology.
Reporters scan the Internet for facts, write and edit stories on location using notebook computers, and transmit those stories by modem to central offices.
Artists design charts and drawings with graphics software.
Photo retouchers use computers instead of brushes and magnifying glasses to edit photographs.
Medicine High-tech equipment plays a vital role in the healing arts. Medical students and professionals use this virtual emergency room to simulate processes of collecting vital signs and other patient data.
Without computers, today’s airline industry simply wouldn’t fly.
A flight simulator might have a graphical user interface that makes the computer screen look and act like the instrument panel of a real plane so that it can be run interactively by human pilots.
Science From biology to physics, every branch of science has been changed by the computer. In Argonne’s CAVE, a scientist can interactively study the relationships between the nucleic acids of the molecule. A botanist can enter and analyze data in remote locations.
Workgroup systems have the potential to radically transform the way businesses operate. They make organizations:
flatter, so it’s easier for workers at any level to communicate with workers at other levels
more integrated, so different business units communicate more openly with each other
more flexible, so businesses can react more quickly to changes in their environments
less concerned with managing people and more concerned with managing processes
The Automated Office Experts have also predicted the paperless office - an office of the future in which magnetic and optical archives will replace reference books and file cabinets, electronic communication will replace letters and memos, and Web publications will replace newspapers and other periodicals
High powered PCs and wireless hand devices for mobile commerce
Management by Computer A management information system is defined as a computerized system that includes procedures for collecting data, a database for storing data, and software tools for analyzing data and producing a variety of reports for different levels of management.
Many experience headaches, backaches, serious wrist injuries, stress, anxiety, and other health problems.
Optical character recognition and voice recognition technologies will enable companies to replace workers with machines.
Employment and Unemployment “ My father had worked for the same firm for 12 years. They fired him. They replaced him with a tiny gadget this big that does everything that my father does only it does it much better. The depressing thing is my mother ran out and bought one.” --Woody Allen
Should large companies be required to file “employment impact statements” before replacing people with machines in the same way they’re required to file environmental impact statements before implementing policies that might harm the environment?
If a worker is replaced by a robot, should the worker receive a share of the robot’s “earnings” through stocks or profit sharing?
The average workweek 150 years ago was 70 hours; for the last 50 years it has been steady at about 40. Should governments and businesses encourage job-sharing and other systems that allow for less-than-40-hour jobs?
What will people do with their time if machines do most of the work? What new leisure activities should be made available?
How will people define their identities if work becomes less central to their lives?