DramaDrama
A drama is a story enacted onstage for a live
audience.
What Is Drama?What Is Drama?
What Is Drama?What Is Drama?
 Origins of DramaOrigins of Drama
 The wordThe word dramadrama comes from thecomes from the...
Like the plot of a story, the plot of a play involves
characters who face a problem or conflict.
Climax
point of highest t...
Dramatic StructureDramatic Structure
ConflictConflict isis a struggle or clasha struggle or clash
between opposing charact...
A tragedy is a play that ends unhappily.
• Tragedies pit human limitations against the
larger forces of destiny.
right and...
The protagonist of most classical tragedies is a
tragic hero. This hero
• is noble and in many
ways admirable
• has a trag...
A comedy is a play that ends happily. The plot
usually centers on a romantic conflict.
boy meets girl boy loses girl boy w...
The main characters in a comedy could be
anyone:
nobility servantstownspeople
ComedyComedy
• Comic complications always
occur before the conflict is
resolved.
• In most cases, the play
ends with a wedding.
ComedyC...
Modern ComedyModern Comedy
 Modern ComediesModern Comedies
In modern comedies, the genders in this romanticIn modern com...
A modern play
• usually is about ordinary people
• may be tragedy, comedy, or a mixture of the
two
• usually focuses on pe...
Modern playwrights often experiment with
unconventional plot structures.
Modern DramaModern Drama
long flashbacks
music
vi...
When you read a play, remember that it is meant
to be performed for an audience.
Stage DirectionsStage Directions
Playwrig...
Performance of a PlayPerformance of a Play
 Theater artistsTheater artists includeinclude
 ActorsActors
 DirectorsDirec...
Stages can have many different sizes and
layouts.
“Thrust” stage
Setting the StageSetting the Stage
• The stage extends
in...
“In the round” stage is surrounded by an
audience on all sides.
Setting the StageSetting the Stage
Proscenium stage
Setting the StageSetting the Stage
• The playing area extends behind an opening
called a “proscenium arch...
Setting the StageSetting the Stage
Stages in Shakespeare’sStages in Shakespeare’s
timetime were thrust stages.were thrust ...
Scene design transforms a bare stage into the
world of the play. Scene design consists of
• props
• sets
• costumes
• ligh...
A stage’s set might be
realistic and
detailed
Setting the StageSetting the Stage
abstract
and minimal
A lighting director skillfully uses light to change
the mood and appearance of the set.
Setting the StageSetting the Stage
The costume director works with the director to
design the actors’ costumes.
• Like sets, costumes can be
detailed minimal...
Props (short for properties) are items that the
characters carry or handle onstage.
• The person in charge of props must m...
The characters’ speech may take any of the
following forms.
Dialogue:Dialogue: conversations of characters onstageconversa...
Finally, a play needs an audience to
experience the performance
understand the story
respond to the characters
The Audienc...
The EndThe End
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About Drama

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About Drama

  1. 1. DramaDrama
  2. 2. A drama is a story enacted onstage for a live audience. What Is Drama?What Is Drama?
  3. 3. What Is Drama?What Is Drama?  Origins of DramaOrigins of Drama  The wordThe word dramadrama comes from thecomes from the Greek verbGreek verb dran,dran, which meanswhich means “to do.”“to do.”  The earliest known plays . . .The earliest known plays . . .  were written around the fifthwere written around the fifth century B.C.century B.C.  produced for festivals to honorproduced for festivals to honor Dionysus, the god of wine andDionysus, the god of wine and fertilityfertility
  4. 4. Like the plot of a story, the plot of a play involves characters who face a problem or conflict. Climax point of highest tension; action determines how the conflict will be resolved Resolution conflict is resolved; play ends Complications tension builds Exposition characters and conflict are introduced Dramatic StructureDramatic Structure
  5. 5. Dramatic StructureDramatic Structure ConflictConflict isis a struggle or clasha struggle or clash between opposing charactersbetween opposing characters or forces. A conflict mayor forces. A conflict may develop . . .develop . . .  between characters who wantbetween characters who want different things or the samedifferent things or the same thingthing  between a character and his orbetween a character and his or her circumstancesher circumstances  within a character who is tornwithin a character who is torn by competing desiresby competing desires
  6. 6. A tragedy is a play that ends unhappily. • Tragedies pit human limitations against the larger forces of destiny. right and wrong justice and injustice life and death TragedyTragedy • Most classic Greek tragedies deal with serious, universal themes such as
  7. 7. The protagonist of most classical tragedies is a tragic hero. This hero • is noble and in many ways admirable • has a tragic flaw, a personal failing that leads to a tragic end rebelliousness jealousy pride TragedyTragedy
  8. 8. A comedy is a play that ends happily. The plot usually centers on a romantic conflict. boy meets girl boy loses girl boy wins girl ComedyComedy
  9. 9. The main characters in a comedy could be anyone: nobility servantstownspeople ComedyComedy
  10. 10. • Comic complications always occur before the conflict is resolved. • In most cases, the play ends with a wedding. ComedyComedy
  11. 11. Modern ComedyModern Comedy  Modern ComediesModern Comedies In modern comedies, the genders in this romanticIn modern comedies, the genders in this romantic plot pattern sometimes are reversed.plot pattern sometimes are reversed.
  12. 12. A modern play • usually is about ordinary people • may be tragedy, comedy, or a mixture of the two • usually focuses on personal issues Modern DramaModern Drama
  13. 13. Modern playwrights often experiment with unconventional plot structures. Modern DramaModern Drama long flashbacks music visual projections of a character’s private thoughts
  14. 14. When you read a play, remember that it is meant to be performed for an audience. Stage DirectionsStage Directions Playwright describes settingPlaywright describes setting and characters’ actions andand characters’ actions and manner.manner. [Wyona is sitting on the[Wyona is sitting on the couch. She sees Paul andcouch. She sees Paul and jumps to her feet.]jumps to her feet.] Wyona.Wyona. [Angrily.] What do[Angrily.] What do you want?you want? Performance of a PlayPerformance of a Play PerformancePerformance  Theater artists bring theTheater artists bring the playwright’s vision to lifeplaywright’s vision to life on the stage.on the stage.  The audience responds toThe audience responds to the play and shares thethe play and shares the experience.experience.
  15. 15. Performance of a PlayPerformance of a Play  Theater artistsTheater artists includeinclude  ActorsActors  DirectorsDirectors  Lighting techniciansLighting technicians  Stage crewStage crew
  16. 16. Stages can have many different sizes and layouts. “Thrust” stage Setting the StageSetting the Stage • The stage extends into the viewing area. • The audience surrounds the stage on three sides.
  17. 17. “In the round” stage is surrounded by an audience on all sides. Setting the StageSetting the Stage
  18. 18. Proscenium stage Setting the StageSetting the Stage • The playing area extends behind an opening called a “proscenium arch.” • The audience sits on one side looking into the action. upstage downstage stage leftstage right
  19. 19. Setting the StageSetting the Stage Stages in Shakespeare’sStages in Shakespeare’s timetime were thrust stages.were thrust stages.
  20. 20. Scene design transforms a bare stage into the world of the play. Scene design consists of • props • sets • costumes • lighting Setting the StageSetting the Stage
  21. 21. A stage’s set might be realistic and detailed Setting the StageSetting the Stage abstract and minimal
  22. 22. A lighting director skillfully uses light to change the mood and appearance of the set. Setting the StageSetting the Stage
  23. 23. The costume director works with the director to design the actors’ costumes. • Like sets, costumes can be detailed minimal Setting the StageSetting the Stage
  24. 24. Props (short for properties) are items that the characters carry or handle onstage. • The person in charge of props must make sure that the right props are available to the actors at the right moments. Setting the StageSetting the Stage
  25. 25. The characters’ speech may take any of the following forms. Dialogue:Dialogue: conversations of characters onstageconversations of characters onstage Monologue:Monologue: long speech given by one character to otherslong speech given by one character to others Soliloquy:Soliloquy: speech by a character alone onstage to himself or herself orspeech by a character alone onstage to himself or herself or to the audienceto the audience Asides:Asides: remarks made to the audience or to one character; the otherremarks made to the audience or to one character; the other characters onstage do not hear an asidecharacters onstage do not hear an aside The CharactersThe Characters
  26. 26. Finally, a play needs an audience to experience the performance understand the story respond to the characters The AudienceThe Audience
  27. 27. The EndThe End

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