Your SlideShare is downloading. ×

Melina Risso - Sou da Paz


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. The case of São Paulo A concrete example of urban violence reduction 2nd Ministerial Review Conference on the Geneva Declaration The challenges of armed violence in urban settings November, 1st, 2011
  • 2. Brazil Between 1980 and 2008 the country lost 1,035,335 lives to violence. 2/3 during the 90´s alone *. In that period, homicide rates increased by 130% in Brazil, going from 11.7 to 27 per 100 thousand inhabitants*. Violence affects all, but in very different ways. Deaths are concentrated in peripheries of urban areas, victimizing thousands of young, poor, men. Until the beginning of last decade, crime was concentrated in the southeast (SP and RJ). Homicides are now more concentrated in the northeast and along the dry border. *Source: DATASUS – Ministry of Health
  • 3. 2003: Disarmament Statute is enacted A turning point *Source: DATASUS – Ministry of Health
  • 4. Homicide equation in São Paulo (1980 – 2000) Rapid and disorganized urbanization: absence of the State as conflict mediator, 50% of the population under 18 ; lack of public spaces for sport, cultural and leisure activities. Easy access to drugs and guns . + Futile deaths : bar fights, argument between neighbors, small debts, traffic discussions, general disagreement. In the city of Sao Paulo, for example , 7 in 10 deaths still happen for these reasons. + Policing model is wrong, focused exclusively on responding to and repressing crime. Context - São Paulo
  • 5. * Source: SSP/SP São Paulo
  • 6. 2000- 2010: São Paulo hands in its guns : gun control policies are strictly applied. Over 200,000 illegal guns seized by the police and more than 130,000 delivered by citizens in buyback campaigns. Less Guns = Less Deaths. For every 18 guns taken out of the streets , 1 life was saved.* *Source: “ Less guns, less crimes: the exemplary case of São Paulo”. IPEA / PUC Rio. 2010. São Paulo: changing the equation
  • 7. Consistent investment in policing . More and better training. Focus on investigation and prevention. Community policing. More resources for prevention programs. Focus: areas and populations most affected by the problem. Municipalities increases its investments on violence prevention. Demographical changes : percentage of young people in general population decreases. São Paulo: changing the equation
  • 8. In ten years, 78% less deaths*. São Paulo achieves OMS recommended rates: under 10 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants. The epidemic is over *Source: SSP/SP São Paulo: results
  • 9. Thanks!
    • Melina Risso
    • [email_address]
    • Instituto Sou da Paz