Jasmina Nicolic, Victimology Society of Serbia

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"Working with victims and survivors of armed violence"
Regional Review Conference on the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development
Geneva, Switzerland | 8-9 July 2014

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Jasmina Nicolic, Victimology Society of Serbia

  1. 1. Working with victims andWorking with victims and survivors of armed violencesurvivors of armed violence Jasmina NikolićJasmina Nikolić Victimology Sociey of SerbiaVictimology Sociey of Serbia
  2. 2. About VDSAbout VDS  A not-for-profit, non-governmental organization,A not-for-profit, non-governmental organization, founded in 1997 to unite academics andfounded in 1997 to unite academics and professionals interested in victimology andprofessionals interested in victimology and protection of victims of crime, human rightsprotection of victims of crime, human rights violations and war, regardless of gender,violations and war, regardless of gender, religion, ethnicity and other features.religion, ethnicity and other features.  Three main typesof activities:Three main typesof activities:  info and support to victims,info and support to victims,  research and educationresearch and education  Truth and reconciliation program.Truth and reconciliation program.
  3. 3. VDS info and victim supportVDS info and victim support  Established in 2003, the Service aims to supportEstablished in 2003, the Service aims to support victims of crime. Services offered to both femalevictims of crime. Services offered to both female and male victims of crime include:and male victims of crime include:  information about victims’ rights and how toinformation about victims’ rights and how to realize them,realize them,  emotional support,emotional support,  referrals to other services depending on victim’sreferrals to other services depending on victim’s needsneeds  witness support and legal aid.witness support and legal aid.
  4. 4. VDS info and victim supportVDS info and victim support  The only service of its type in Serbia,The only service of its type in Serbia, providing assistance and support toproviding assistance and support to victims of crime regardless of gender, age,victims of crime regardless of gender, age, form of violence or any other personalform of violence or any other personal characteristics.characteristics.  In recent years most victims approachedIn recent years most victims approached service with problems of domesticservice with problems of domestic violence and violence at the workplaceviolence and violence at the workplace
  5. 5. Femicide in SerbiaFemicide in Serbia  The newspapers articles collected andThe newspapers articles collected and analyzed by Women against Violenceanalyzed by Women against Violence Network show that in 2013, 43 womenNetwork show that in 2013, 43 women were murdered in Serbia.were murdered in Serbia.
  6. 6. Femicide in SerbiaFemicide in Serbia Number of womenNumber of women murderedmurdered Murdered by gunMurdered by gun 20132013 4343 12 (27,9%)12 (27,9%) 20122012 3232 9 (28,1)9 (28,1) 20112011 2929 9 (31%)9 (31%) 20102010 2626 7 (26,9%)7 (26,9%)
  7. 7. Femicide in SerbiaFemicide in Serbia  Femicide usually happens in a home andFemicide usually happens in a home and a third of women were killed by firearmsa third of women were killed by firearms  Home ownership of weapons is connectedHome ownership of weapons is connected to militarization Serbia in the 90s as wellto militarization Serbia in the 90s as well as the demilitarization which took placeas the demilitarization which took place after conflict cessation.after conflict cessation.
  8. 8. Femicide in SerbiaFemicide in Serbia  Guns located at home are often used toGuns located at home are often used to make threats or to physically harm familymake threats or to physically harm family members.members.  The trauma inflicted by threats of using theThe trauma inflicted by threats of using the gun or death threats reduced the women’sgun or death threats reduced the women’s capacity of resistance.capacity of resistance.
  9. 9. Femicide in SerbiaFemicide in Serbia  In 3 out 11 cases where the perpetrator ownedIn 3 out 11 cases where the perpetrator owned firearms, the women had reported violence priorfirearms, the women had reported violence prior to the murder.to the murder.  This shows that those women were notThis shows that those women were not protected adequately and that the relevantprotected adequately and that the relevant institution were inefficient and ineffective, or thatinstitution were inefficient and ineffective, or that the relevant institutions failed to react at all.the relevant institutions failed to react at all.
  10. 10. Aftermath of femicideAftermath of femicide  Violence leave many consequences on thoseViolence leave many consequences on those who are indirectly exposed to it as well.who are indirectly exposed to it as well. Indicators of suffering, pain and human miseryIndicators of suffering, pain and human misery for those who suffer violence directly orfor those who suffer violence directly or indirectly, are impossible to measure.indirectly, are impossible to measure.  Out of the 38 people who lost their mother inOut of the 38 people who lost their mother in 2013, 22 were minors. Analysis of media data2013, 22 were minors. Analysis of media data shows that there is growing trend of childrenshows that there is growing trend of children witnessing the murder of their mother orwitnessing the murder of their mother or grandmother.grandmother.
  11. 11. Support for victims in SerbiaSupport for victims in Serbia  Our legal and health systems recognize andOur legal and health systems recognize and support the victims of domestic violence,support the victims of domestic violence, trafficking in people, robbery, human rightstrafficking in people, robbery, human rights violation etc.violation etc.  But the relatives and/or friends of the victims ofBut the relatives and/or friends of the victims of homicide or trafic accidents are “hiddenhomicide or trafic accidents are “hidden victims”.”victims”.”  Victim support professionals feel a strong needVictim support professionals feel a strong need to develop their basic knowledge so they are toto develop their basic knowledge so they are to support the needs of these victims and families.support the needs of these victims and families.
  12. 12. RecommendationsRecommendations  Strong control of arms in cases ofStrong control of arms in cases of domestic violence in order to preventdomestic violence in order to prevent femicidefemicide  Training for professionals dealing withTraining for professionals dealing with survivors and victims of armed violencesurvivors and victims of armed violence
  13. 13.  Victimology Society of SerbiaVictimology Society of Serbia  www.vds.org.rswww.vds.org.rs  E-mail:E-mail: vdsvds@eunet.rs@eunet.rs vdsrbija@gmail.comvdsrbija@gmail.com

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