Tim Midgley, Saferworld | UK


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"Armed violence reduction within the post-2015 agenda"
Regional Review Conference on the Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development
Geneva, Switzerland | 8-9 July 2014

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  • 15 July 2014November 15, 2004
  • Tim Midgley, Saferworld | UK

    1. 1. 9 July 2014 Tim Midgley, Conflict and Security Advisor, Saferworld tmidgley@saferworld.org.uk Armed violence & the post-2015 development agenda
    2. 2. Impacts of conflict & violence on development ‘A country that experienced major violence over the period from 1981 to 2005 has a poverty rate 21 percentage points higher than a country that saw no violence’ World Development Report 2011 ‘32 of the 46 countries at the bottom of the HDI are conflict-affected’ Global CSO joint statement, September 2012 ‘We project that, by 2025, the locus of global poverty will overwhelmingly be in fragile, mainly low-income and African, states’ Andrew Rogerson & Homi Kharas
    3. 3. How best to integrate peace across the framework?
    4. 4. Three-sided indicators Combine measures of  Capacity  ‘Objective’ situation  Perceptions
    5. 5. Three-sided indicators Tell us:  The effort going in  Progress in terms of ‘real events’  Whether the public is satisfied
    6. 6. Illicit financial flows target
    7. 7. Arms, drugs & conflict commodities target
    8. 8. Thanks for listening! More information: saferworld.org.uk/what/post-2015 Contact: tmidgley@saferworld.org.uk
    9. 9. Impacts of conflict & violence on MDGs Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger  Countries affected by violence account for:  60% undernourished  61% impoverished  For every ten places that a country rises up the Global Peace Index, per capita income↑ US$3,100
    10. 10. Impacts of conflict & violence on MDGs Achieve universal primary education  Countries affected by violence account for:  77% of children not in primary school  59% of children not in secondary school  Somalia: loss of a generation of higher education described as a ‘national disaster’  DRC 70% of children no access to school  Timor-Leste conflict: 90% of schools destroyed/badly damaged
    11. 11. Impacts of conflict & violence on MDGs Promote gender equality and empower women  Institute for Economics & Peace: less peaceful countries have lower levels of gender equality  GBV a particularly abhorrent aspect of conflict (S Sudan, Chechnya, Algeria, NE India, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Bosnia, Kosovo…)  Post conflict: post-war Cambodia – est. 75% of women experienced domestic violence
    12. 12. Impacts of conflict & violence on MDGs Reduce child mortality  Countries affected by violence account for:  70% of infant deaths  71% of child under 5 deaths  UNICEF: 8 of the 10 countries with the highest under-5 mortality are in conflict/fragile situations
    13. 13. Impacts of conflict & violence on MDGs Improve maternal health  Economic Commission for Africa: 2008 all 8 countries with the highest maternal mortality ratio were in/post-conflict  South Sudan: 2011 preliminary est. of maternal mortality - 2,054 deaths per 100,000 live births (the highest in the world)
    14. 14. Impacts of conflict & violence on MDGs Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases  Countries affected by violence account for:  43% of persons living w/ HIV/AIDS  Geneva Declaration:  poor living conditions, sexual violence, prostitution & infection of combatants can assist spread of disease  correlation between homicide & HIV infection rates  Conflict-disease relationship is complex - evidence not clear
    15. 15. Impacts of conflict & violence on MDGs Ensure environmental sustainability  Countries affected by violence account for:  65% of people w/o access to improved sanitation  Geneva Declaration:  Conflict and armed violence accelerate growth of slums  Changes in the proportion of pop. using improved drinking water sources & sanitation significantly correlated with levels of violence
    16. 16. Goal areas & targets suggested by peacebuilding CSOs to OWG April 2014 Peaceful and non-violent societies • Reduce by x% the number of violent deaths per 100,000 and reduce the number of people from all social groups affected by all forms of violence • People from all social groups feel safe and have confidence in security provision • People from all social groups have effective remedies to injustice, and access to and confidence in effective, accountable and impartial justice provision • Tensions, grievances and disputes within society are being resolved peacefully, inclusively and constructively Governance, rule of law and capable institutions • Ensure that people from all social groups enjoy freedoms of speech, association, peaceful protest, civic engagement and access to information • Ensure people from all social groups can participate in and affect political processes and decision making without fear, at national, sub-national and local levels • Reduce by X% bribery and corruption and ensure that all those involved are held accountable
    17. 17. Gender equality and women’s empowerment • Prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women, girls and boys, and hold perpetrators to account • Increase women’s economic empowerment and women’s political participation and influence on decision-making at all levels Employment and decent work for all • People from all social groups, and especially youth, have opportunities for decent livelihoods, the ability to develop skills and accumulate economic assets, and an equitable share in economic growth Environmental sustainability • Ensure fair, transparent, and sustainable management of natural resources, including land, oil and minerals, and the equitable sharing of benefits from their use, at national, sub-national and local levels • Ensure that people from all social groups have secure land tenure and decisions are taken through an open and accountable process • Ensure, at local, national and regional levels, that environmental and natural disasters are effectively managed and mitigated Social services • People from all social groups have fair access to social services and resources