Using baseline                               data to inform                               programming           2nd Minist...
Two Sectors to Influence:               1 - Process & Activities Partnership based on Comparative Mandate aimed atProvides...
Influencing activities at the community levelSecurity Sector Governance   -police, justice,  -local authorities, and  -the...
Influencing policy and mechanisms – Peace & JusticeNational Level                 Ministry of Interior                    ...
How data influences policy and activities     Research•   Qualitative•   Quantitative                   Training          ...
Key FindingsBaseline Survey
EACH COMMUNITY IS     SPECIFIC
Reasons Reasons for not going to Court (%)              for not going to Court (%)                    Mogadishu           ...
Perpetrator of Assault (Freq. %)
Causes of Conflict (Freq. %)
Who are the Victims   of Violence
Death (top) & Assault (bottom) by age and gender16141210 8                                                                ...
Victim of sexual violence by age and gender252015                                                                 Male    ...
State and non-state       actors
Leverage of the community over non-state armed groups                             Very high                Very low       ...
Level of organisation of non-state armed groups             4%        4%                                 Loose alliance of...
Security Providers: Trust vs. Accessibility           Trust                                Accessibility50.0              ...
Policing has never been a function of the state alone                     Community-                        based         ...
Genderand Violence
Unsafe feeling by gender (Freq. %)90     82.980        74.37060                                                           ...
Reasons for female non-participation in meetings (%)    Husband becomes jealous / lack of            10.4             trus...
Gender Matters            Las Anod, Trust in public authorities (Weighted %)30.0                                25.1      ...
Comprehensive Intervention            District Safety Committee                                                      TOOLS...
Challenges1. Synchronise financial resources, politic, and   capacity2. Overcoming pre-conceived ideas and building   flex...
The Bill  Brookman FoundationMahadsanid!Thank you!
I lost mother at 6 years, send to jail for stealing a piece of breadby grandmother at 11 for 3 months. Met new friends and...
Two Sectors to Influence:                        2 - Policy workFocus policy development on community demand:1. Identify i...
Crime and Victimisation Survey• Survey by household:                    144 questions   – Face to face with trained      ...
interventions1. Regulate private guards and militias2. Mechanism to enforce decision of the court and   establish out of c...
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Daniel Ladouceur - UNDP Somalia

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Transcript of "Daniel Ladouceur - UNDP Somalia"

  1. 1. Using baseline data to inform programming 2nd Ministerial Review Conference on theGeneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development - Geneva, 31 October and 1 November 2011
  2. 2. Two Sectors to Influence: 1 - Process & Activities Partnership based on Comparative Mandate aimed atProvides ‘Community Based Security Sector Governance’National framework:Somali Community Safety FrameworkCommunity framework:Community Safety Plan
  3. 3. Influencing activities at the community levelSecurity Sector Governance -police, justice, -local authorities, and -the community. Community Safety ProcessCommunity Safety Community Safety Implementation & Diagnostic Plan Monitoring
  4. 4. Influencing policy and mechanisms – Peace & JusticeNational Level Ministry of Interior Policy Devt. & Coordination Community Security & Peace Building Observatory SecretariatRegional Clan Level Regional Council Conflict / BorderDistrict Level District Council Prevention & Response District Safety Committee
  5. 5. How data influences policy and activities Research• Qualitative• Quantitative Training • Policy The Observatory training centre at University of Hargeisa, January 2011 • Practitioners Knowledge Management • Somali Community Safety Framework • Policy Development
  6. 6. Key FindingsBaseline Survey
  7. 7. EACH COMMUNITY IS SPECIFIC
  8. 8. Reasons Reasons for not going to Court (%) for not going to Court (%) Mogadishu Galkayo Las Anod1.3 12.2 7.1 30.1 14.4 18.5 36.2 39.2 18.5 14.4 17.4 7.0 10.8 19.2 10.0 23.4 2.2 3.9 Burao Bossaso 13.2 23.6 22.3 40.6 17.2 16.0 25.9 6.3 10.9 4.0 2.9 4.0
  9. 9. Perpetrator of Assault (Freq. %)
  10. 10. Causes of Conflict (Freq. %)
  11. 11. Who are the Victims of Violence
  12. 12. Death (top) & Assault (bottom) by age and gender16141210 8 Male 6 Female 4 2 0 <5 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64605040 Male30 Female20100 <5 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65-69 >=70
  13. 13. Victim of sexual violence by age and gender252015 Male Female1050 5-9 10-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44
  14. 14. State and non-state actors
  15. 15. Leverage of the community over non-state armed groups Very high Very low 17% 25% High 8% Low 6% Average 44%
  16. 16. Level of organisation of non-state armed groups 4% 4% Loose alliance of individuals Group following a leader 37% Hierarchical organisation 55% with middle management Sophisticated organisation with financial networks
  17. 17. Security Providers: Trust vs. Accessibility Trust Accessibility50.0 50.040.0 40.030.0 30.0 Community elders20.0 20.010.0 10.0 Religious 0.0 leaders 0.0-10.0 -10.0-20.0 Police -20.0-30.0 -30.0-40.0 Court
  18. 18. Policing has never been a function of the state alone Community- based policing Civilian forums Private security security committees guards Madani / IDP District security militias Clan militias Neighborhood watch groups
  19. 19. Genderand Violence
  20. 20. Unsafe feeling by gender (Freq. %)90 82.980 74.37060 Male50 43.140 33.1 31.5 32.5 Female30 25.320 15.210 1.3 0.50 Mogadishu Galkayo Las Anod Burao Bosasso
  21. 21. Reasons for female non-participation in meetings (%) Husband becomes jealous / lack of 10.4 trust in loyalty 15.2 Male household member dislikes 22.4 female visibility in decision 24.2 Female Female household member feel 32.8 Male uncomfortable of participation 24.2 Family thinks women should focus on 34.3 family issues 36.4 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0Bosasso
  22. 22. Gender Matters Las Anod, Trust in public authorities (Weighted %)30.0 25.1 24.3 24.9 21.820.010.0 0.0 -2.6 -3.3-10.0 Male Female-20.0-30.0 -27.9 -26.9-40.0 Clan, community Religious leaders Police Court elders
  23. 23. Comprehensive Intervention District Safety Committee TOOLS -CAUSES of Firearms violence Control ACTORS – 50% Women’s Civic armed groups labour Protection Unit Restorative Justice Parole & Probation
  24. 24. Challenges1. Synchronise financial resources, politic, and capacity2. Overcoming pre-conceived ideas and building flexibility to be more responsive3. Expensive and time consuming4. Partnership: State and non-state actors, UN Agencies; UNICEF-UNDP-ILO
  25. 25. The Bill Brookman FoundationMahadsanid!Thank you!
  26. 26. I lost mother at 6 years, send to jail for stealing a piece of breadby grandmother at 11 for 3 months. Met new friends and after myreleased, joined them on the street, and learned how to sniffglue, fight, rob, and rape. Soon I created by own gang but wascaught again by the police. After being released, I heard aboutYouth at-Risk project. I decided to give it a chance because I neverwant to go back to the jail again”. (Ismael, 12) Ahmed, 11 years old, my mother died and my father abandon me. Leader of a gang, we recently stoned to death another member of a rival gang. Our main area of operation is the port. We clean the marines’ shoes, and offer sexual services to foreign in exchange for fuel, that we resell at the market. I was brought to the centre by an old mama.Ali, 26 years old, pirate. As a fisherman, I new how to operate a boatand was recruited by a pirate gang. We went out to sea to capture aboat, failed once, failed twice. During the third mission, soldiersopened fire at us and killed my best friend. I barely made it alive. Thisis now my opportunity to leave piracy and reform through the Youth atRisk programme.
  27. 27. Two Sectors to Influence: 2 - Policy workFocus policy development on community demand:1. Identify issues that require policy development2. Identify issues of common concern3. Structure and mechanisms capable to sustain community intervention4. Monitoring and response mechanism5. Independent capacity for assessment (Observatory)
  28. 28. Crime and Victimisation Survey• Survey by household:  144 questions – Face to face with trained (UNICRI methodology) enumerators (JCCP-SOCDA) – Oct. 2009 – Jul. 2010 ▫ Sociological profile (localisation, clan, occupation, resi dence status, spending, education)• District samples: – Mogadishu: 1600 ▫ Witnessing and general victimisation – Galkayo: 700 – Las Anod: 800 ▫ Fear of crime – Bossaso: 800 ▫ Community conflicts – Burao: 800 ▫ Crime (property crime, assault, homicide, sexual violence, forced detention)• Analysis tools: – SPSS (sign: p≤.05) ▫ Perpetrators & Firearms – Mapcommander ▫ Crime reporting ▫ Security providers
  29. 29. interventions1. Regulate private guards and militias2. Mechanism to enforce decision of the court and establish out of court settlement (Restorative justice)3. Urban planning; (Violence Prevention Through Environmental Design).4. Sheikh to review marriage process; (high dowry forces rape)5. Public forums of discussion:6. Registration and marking system for property; i.e. livestock7. Rehabilitation of former inmates, repeat offender (parole and probation system to decongest the prisons)

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