• collaboraon |kəˌlabəˈrā sh ən|noun1 the ac(on of working with someone to produce or create something : she wrote on art and architecture in collabora2on with Guiliana Bruno.• something produced or created in this way : his recent opera was a collabora2on with Lessing.2 traitorous coopera2on with an enemy : he faces charges of collabora2on. • DERIVATIVES collabora2onist |-‐nist| noun & adjec2ve (sense 2).ORIGIN mid 19th cent.: from La2n collabora2o(n-‐), from collaborare ‘work together.’
the dynamics of collaboraon… From macro… (organisaons, instuons, systems) -‐ The social organisaon of creave work -‐ How individuals navigate work and careers in fast-‐ moving market economies to micro (play, psychology, identy) -‐ How creave processes are experienced and negoated by individuals -‐ Dealing with risk, uncertainty and rapid change
the ubiquity of creavity and collaboraon discourses …cover a multude of pracces and types of social relaons…not all of which are as simple as they may seem Network society: how work is valued and organised: what counts as ‘producve labour’? Knowledge workers & creave entrepreneurs: a new ‘creave class’? (Richard Florida) Or the old middle class recast with digital tools? Interdisciplinary dialogue challenges old categories: creavity = tension, conﬂict and diﬃculty?
collaboraon = conversaon • The art of conversaon • Dialogue and disagreement • The art of interpersonal working • How this translates into the cultural characteriscs of organisaons • Power and organisaonal systems – who decides what happens and why? • Why are people aVracted to ‘creave work”? (especially when it tends to pay so badly?)
communicaon = collaboraon? • What are the characteriscs of ‘creave industries’? • Network enterprises • Microbusinesses, freelancers, SMEs • Creave processes and project management • Managing resources and meeng deadlines • Interpersonal dynamics • Skills and sensivies?
making work in the arts Integrave work: technological, embodied, kinaesthec, feeling, communicave Raymond Williams: culture as ‘structures of feeling’ Two dynamics: ever increasing and highly visible social inequalies AND Exhortaon to collaborate, parcipate – but on whose terms? The arts as a means of expression – identy – social and polical Corporaons need constant ﬂow of creave content: brand/image sells products: spectacular capitalism. Conﬂaon of corporate capitalism/individual expression – are there any autonomous spaces? Can markets provide all the soluons?
characteriscs of creave industries • Muldisciplinary teams • Globalised ‘network enterprises’ at a variety of scales • Fast digital networks, unevenly distributed • Short life projects/poraolio work • Working across organisaonal boundaries • New media tools & tradional creave skills • Nodes, networks, mobilies, ﬂows…& glitches, disrupon and interrupon
The creave workplace? Hmmm…deceptively informal?
Creave spaces and places? • Do certain places and kinds of spaces develop high concentraons of ‘creave workers’? • What are their characteriscs? • What is ‘creave work’ anyway? • Economies of signs and space (Lash and Urry) • City of Bits (Mitchell) • The Intercultural City (Landry and Woods)
the ‘creave city’ • From mid 1990s, creavity has moved closer to centre of urban and naonal policy… But urban and corporate leaders are still ambivalent about creativity…and anyway, creativity isn’t one thing…!
innovaon as economic driver, arts as regenerator, diversity as public good • Diversity creates producve fricons • Density and concentraon of urban networks • New modes of social organisaon • But who beneﬁts? • Are the skills needed to survive in the ‘new economy’ being developed rapidly enough? • Who are the winners and losers in this new economic/social order?
dealing with risk and uncertainty • Models of self-‐organisaon • Quesons of sustainability • Quesons of value and purpose • Quesons of rhetoric and actuality • How resilient is the creave economy? • Global corporaons/small independents/’glocalism”
arsts’ organisaons; media co-‐ops; cultural enterprises
Arthur Russell: Wild Combinaon • hVp://www.youtube.com/watch? v=U5tM1coZr4k • Innovators, disruptors, creave cultures, creave milieux, hybridity, taking the path less travelled, DIY culture, etc
arsts as innovators, as connectors • E.g. New York, 1970s (see Tim Lawrence on Arthur Russell) • London, 1960s and 1970s (eg Derek Jarman and the rise of the punk scene) • Glasgow, 1980s/90s (See S.Lowndes: Social Sculpture: the rise of the Glasgow Art Scene) • Sharon Zukin: “ The Cultures of Cies” • Arsc work as pre-‐ﬁgurave of wider societal changes? • Creavity as empowerment and ownership? • Neighbourhood and community acvism • Construcng alternaves through radical art pracce see e.g. Temporary Services hVp://www.temporaryservices.org/
creave spaces and places • For who? • Resources, power, access, networks, money • Who gets to ‘be creave’? • Who gets to earn a living through creave work? • Who owns the work you make? • How do you ﬁnd (and keep) collaborators?
macro issues • How are creave networks resourced, funded and sustained? Balance of public and private investment? • Issues of inclusion – who gets to be a ‘creave entrepreneur’? • How do the state, business, and educaonal/cultural organisaons adapt to ‘creave collaboraon’? Movaon: public good/private proﬁt? • Hacker and innovaon networks (Himanen – The Hacker Ethic) • “All that is solid melts into air”
micro issues • What does freelance and self-‐employment demand from the ‘creave entrepreneur’? • Insecurity versus freedom? • The psychology of collaboraon • Some ‘creaves’ are highly individualisc – how is this reconciled with collaboraon? • The art of conversaon and negoaon • Are some arsts more collaborave than others? • Who ‘owns’ collaboravely generated work?
Some dilemmas Beneﬁts of open source and creave commons, versus need to protect intellectual property How do you account for who has contributed what in a creave process? Cultural economy and git economy – beneﬁts of cultural acvity are not purely ﬁnancial The ethics of creave work: in whose service does one put one’s creavity?
..follow up • Bibliography and weblinks (on Blackboard) • MashingUp lecture/symposium series • Social bookmarks: delicious.com/grahamje • Blogs: uwspracceresearch.blogspot.com generalpraxis.blogspot.com