Tapp gms presentation.ppt-2

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Tapp gms presentation.ppt-2

  1. 1. November 6, 2010Dorothy Magesse TANZANIA AGRICULTURE PRODUCTIVITY PROGRAM (TAPP) - GENDER INEQUALITIES, ASSETS DISPARITIES AND RURAL LIVELIHOOD IN TANZANIA
  2. 2. OUTLINE • INTRODUCTION • CURRENT INTERVENTIONS • CHALLENGES TO WOMEN IN AGRICULTURE • TAPP GENDER MAINSTREAMING STRATEGY • MONITORING AND EVALUATION
  3. 3. Introduction • TAPP is a 5-year initiative supported by USAID • The goal of the project is to increase smallholder horticultural farmers’ food security and incomes through enhanced productivity and improved domestic and export marketing • Through the life of the project, TAPP is expected to reach 25,000 smallholder farmers • The projects work with 338 farmer groups, 14 partners and 4 exporters
  4. 4. • TAPP is working to address issues and constraints facing smallholder farmers and institutions • Most critical component of the program is to show those involved in the industry that horticulture can be a profitable business • Products include wide variety of vegetables, fruits, spices, nuts and smallholder flowers • Currently working in 7 regions of Tanzania, to expand after year 2011
  5. 5. Key activities • Increasing availability of food through increased productivity; • Increasing access to food through income generation from sales of horticultural products as well as improving market delivery systems; • Improving household nutrition through product diversification; and • Decreasing vulnerability of populations through improving adaptation to climate change and market fluctuations.
  6. 6. TAPP’s Gender Interventions • Because gender, food security and poverty are often linked, TAPP is providing gender sensitive assistance to target beneficiaries to improve income, living standards, and quality of life
  7. 7. • TAPP’s gender interventions focus on a “whole family approach” which encourages the equality of men and women as a guiding principle for all activities • Recognizes the varying social/cultural roles that men and women traditionally play in agricultural value chain
  8. 8. Areas of Emphasis  Women Participation: TAPP began in October 2009, has achieved a women beneficiary participation rate of 52%. Have already reached 9131 farmers of which 4748 are women • Gender Sensitive Trainings and Extension Services: Current interventions include gender sensitive trainings that target women.
  9. 9. • Health and HIV/AIDS Services: TAPP is conducting HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention trainings with both women and men. • Training Female Agronomists: Employing women, especially in positions of leadership, allows TAPP staff to act as role models
  10. 10. • Improving Access to Inputs: According to the World Bank, it’s estimated only 5% of Tanzanian women participate in a formal banking system. TAPP emphasizes the involvement of women in VICOBAs (Village Community Banks) as a way of improving access to micro-finance. • Women can benefit from established groups structures and the access it gives its members to the finance necessary to procure agricultural inputs needed to make the most of TAPP’s advice and trainings.
  11. 11. Challenges to Women’s Involvement in Agriculture • Over-Worked (Time-Poor): In Tanzania, there are no real cultural constraints to women’s participation in agriculture- they are involved in farming throughout the country. • Women are such full participants, in fact, that between their farm duties and household chores, women have significantly more work and less free time than men. Men in Tanzania have 4.5 hours of free time per day, where as women only have 2 hours -World Bank
  12. 12. • Control over Resources: Despite a woman’s time- consuming participation in the home and on the farm, she has disproportionately less access to and control over incomes and resources than men. Women control small income generation activities. • Land Ownership: Although women have legal landholding protections, cultural barriers and traditional inheritance rights inhibit their right to own land.
  13. 13. • Entrepreneurship skills: Women farmers are not confident or informed enough to negotiate deals with male middlemen or buyers and ask their husbands to make the sales. • Turning over control of product sales generally means that women lose control over the income produced.
  14. 14. TAPP’s Gender Mainstreaming Strategy • By already targeting a large number of women, TAPP is training hundreds of female farmers weekly in good agricultural practices, business development skills, nutrition and HIV/AIDS prevention. • In June, TAPP conducted a Gender Assessment that identified further constraints to women’s active participation in agriculture and developed a Mainstreaming Strategy to ensure women’s full participation in all levels of the Project’s activities. • This Gender Mainstreaming Strategy will enhance the project’s impact on female farmers in the coming years of the project.
  15. 15. • Continue Providing Gender Sensitive Trainings and Extension Services TAPP is already using gender sensitive trainings and extension services. The project will continue employing field day methodologies, gender-sensitive client selection (including targeting women’s groups), appropriate training duration, location, timing, and topic selection tailored to female farmers’ needs.
  16. 16. • Train Female Agronomists With a sufficient number of female agronomists entering the workforce, TAPP has the opportunity to hire and increase the capacity of already skilled female graduates. TAPP already works to increase the capacity and specialization of the female agronomists and field managers on staff, thereby providing role models for female farmers and making agronomy seem a viable career option for women as well as men.
  17. 17. • Introducing labor-saving approaches: In order to ease workloads and time constraints of women. Some examples are:
  18. 18. – Tailor Crop Selection: TAPP’s strategy introduces crops and products tailored to the strengths of all productive members of the household. It works to increase the quality of seeds, thereby increasing crop yields and quality, which ultimately decrease the amount of labor necessary – something crucial for time-poor Tanzanian female farmers. – Establish Seedling Nurseries: Seedling nurseries create opportunities for women because their labor requirements are less exhaustive than traditional methods and they can generally be located close to homes. TAPP will integrate seeding nurseries into their work with groups that have high female participation.
  19. 19. – Low-Labor, Value-Added Processing: Value added processing that requires little additional labor will increase incomes and reduce the workloads of female farmers. TAPP has and will continue to introduced value-added processing techniques to female farmers
  20. 20. – Introduction of New Technologies: TAPP’s GMS aims to increase food security, household nutrition and income generation through trainings in new technology areas. Drip irrigation systems, water harvesting, manual water pumps and greenhouse technology that target women farmers increase production, decrease workloads and enhance food security for the entire household.
  21. 21. • Improving Nutrition: Because gender, food security and poverty are often closely linked, TAPP will focus on introducing new, high-nutrient food security crops and kitchen gardens. • Business Development Services (BDS) and Trainings: Because TAPP knows how crucial income generation is to most women, especially women heads of household, the project’s GMS focuses on women entrepreneurs, providing them with market information and sector-specific training.
  22. 22. Measuring Results • TAPP uses Fintrac’s proprietary monitoring and evaluation system, the Client Impact and Results Information System (CIRIS) to track indicators in the field and disaggregate all data by gender. • Additionally, Fintrac’s Home Office Gender Specialist is working with the TAPP gender team to monitor gender activities on a quarterly basis. Results, highlights and success stories are posted quarterly to Fintrac’s Development Information System (DIS) and are submitted for review by USAID.
  23. 23. THANK YOU

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