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N2 africa 2010 general presentation (gap)(2)

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    N2 africa 2010 general presentation (gap)(2) N2 africa 2010 general presentation (gap)(2) Presentation Transcript

    • Putting Nitrogen Fixation to Work for Smallholder Farmers in Africa N2Africa Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • • The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation awarded the four year grant to Wageningen University, September 2009 • CIAT-TSBF and IITA are subcontractors leading the implementation of the project partnering with NARS, NGOs, CBOs, in the 8 countries: Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, DR Congo, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique • Main crops: soybean, groundnut, cowpea and common bean – and legume forages Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • N2Africa Action Sites Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • N2Africa: Research & development Development: making best varieties, inoculants, agronomic practices available to farmers, market linkages Research: on agronomy, rhizobiology and unique opportunity for comparative research between 8 countries Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Why legumes? Legumes have great potential to address soil fertility problems in Sub-Saharan Africa, linking protein & nitrogen needs of African farmers Presents a mechanism of renewable soil fertility management through N2-fixation and crop rotations Provides farmers with improved nutrition options and income-generating crop production enterprises Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Vision of success To raise legumes yields by 954 kg/ha, to increase average BNF by 46 kg/ha, and to increase average incomes by $465, benefiting 225,000 households (1,800,000 individuals) from Nigeria, Ghana, DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Increase of overall legume production: • Increase the area of land cropped with legumes • Increase legume productivity - agronomy and P fertilizer • Select better legume varieties • Select better rhizobium strains and inoculate • Link to markets and create new enterprises to increase demand for legumes Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Objectives 1. Establish a baseline of the current status of N2- fixation, identify farm enterprises and niches for targeting N2-fixing legumes in the impact zones, and establish mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and impact assessment 2. Identify and field-test multi-purpose legumes that provide income, food, animal feed, and high quality crop residues with enhanced N2-fixation and integrate improved varieties into farming systems Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Objectives 3. Collect and characterize superior rhizobia strains for enhanced N2-fixation and develop inoculum production capacity in sub- Saharan Africa through collaboration with private sector partners 4. Deliver legumes, inoculant technologies and associated N2-fixation technologies to farmers throughout sub-Saharan Africa 5. Develop and strengthen capacity for N2- fixation research, technology development, and application Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Utilization of inputs (West Kenya) PuttingWith P nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Without P
    • control +Pfert +ino +Pfert+ino Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa maize following maize maize following climbing beans
    • Progress Central-East Africa (DRC, Rwanda, W-Kenya): - Farmers planted for 2nd time West Africa (Ghana, Nigeria): - Farmers planted in June/July – harvesting Southern Africa (Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe): - 1st growing season is about to begin, lead farmers have been trained, inputs are being distributed Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Monitoring & Evaluation • Characterization of impact zones Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • N2Africa Impact Zones Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Monitoring & Evaluation • Characterization of impact zones • Baseline survey (400 HH in 8 countries, gender disaggregated data, some qst on decision making, control of harvests, etc) • In-depth income & nutrition – still to be done • Detailed farm characterizations Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Monitoring & Evaluation Participatory farmer evaluations of trials & demo‟s Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Monitoring & Evaluation • Participatory farmer evaluations of trials & demo‟s • M&E indicators & development of instruments • Developing tools for evaluating dissemination approach (adoption) Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Gender – where does it come in? • Legumes considered to be “women‟s crops” in many places in Africa • Legumes often have direct impact on household nutrition • Opportunities to engage women in processing & marketing • Crucial importance of „gender‟ is recognized by participating organisations & donor, but…. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • But…. • Insufficient expertise at level of project staff • Diversity across countries  need for very context-specific strategies • Profit making processing cq marketing offers opportunities but also at risk to be taken over by men – no strategies in place (yet) to address this challenge • Late action on gender – part of the project proposal & activities, but no „action-priority‟ on gender Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • Assets • Framework is useful - stimulated us to look at N2Africa from a different perspective Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
    • www.n2africa.org Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa