Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Putting Nitrogen Fixation to
Work for Smallholder Farm...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
• The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation awarded
the four...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
N2Africa Action Sites
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
N2Africa: Research & development
Development: making b...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Why legumes?
Legumes have great potential to address s...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Vision of success
To raise legumes yields by 954 kg/ha...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
• Increase the area of land cropped with legumes
• Inc...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Objectives
1. Establish a baseline of the current stat...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Objectives
3. Collect and characterize superior rhizob...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Utilization of inputs (West Kenya)
With P Without P
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
control +Pfert +ino +Pfert+ino
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
maize following maize maize following climbing beans
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Central-East Africa (DRC, Rwanda, W-Kenya):
- Farmers ...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Monitoring & Evaluation
• Characterization of impact z...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
N2Africa Impact Zones
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Monitoring & Evaluation
• Characterization of impact z...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Monitoring & Evaluation
Participatory farmer evaluatio...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
• Participatory farmer evaluations of trials &
demo‟s
...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Gender – where does it come in?
• Legumes considered t...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
But….
• Insufficient expertise at level of project sta...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
Assets
• Framework is useful - stimulated us to look a...
Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
www.n2africa.org
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N2 africa 2010 general presentation (gap)(2)

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N2 africa 2010 general presentation (gap)(2)

  1. 1. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Putting Nitrogen Fixation to Work for Smallholder Farmers in Africa N2Africa
  2. 2. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa • The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation awarded the four year grant to Wageningen University, September 2009 • CIAT-TSBF and IITA are subcontractors leading the implementation of the project partnering with NARS, NGOs, CBOs, in the 8 countries: Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, DR Congo, Zimbabwe, Malawi and Mozambique • Main crops: soybean, groundnut, cowpea and common bean – and legume forages
  3. 3. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa N2Africa Action Sites
  4. 4. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa N2Africa: Research & development Development: making best varieties, inoculants, agronomic practices available to farmers, market linkages Research: on agronomy, rhizobiology and unique opportunity for comparative research between 8 countries
  5. 5. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Why legumes? Legumes have great potential to address soil fertility problems in Sub-Saharan Africa, linking protein & nitrogen needs of African farmers Presents a mechanism of renewable soil fertility management through N2-fixation and crop rotations Provides farmers with improved nutrition options and income-generating crop production enterprises
  6. 6. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Vision of success To raise legumes yields by 954 kg/ha, to increase average BNF by 46 kg/ha, and to increase average incomes by $465, benefiting 225,000 households (1,800,000 individuals) from Nigeria, Ghana, DRC, Kenya, Rwanda, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
  7. 7. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa • Increase the area of land cropped with legumes • Increase legume productivity - agronomy and P fertilizer • Select better legume varieties • Select better rhizobium strains and inoculate • Link to markets and create new enterprises to increase demand for legumes Increase of overall legume production:
  8. 8. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Objectives 1. Establish a baseline of the current status of N2- fixation, identify farm enterprises and niches for targeting N2-fixing legumes in the impact zones, and establish mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and impact assessment 2. Identify and field-test multi-purpose legumes that provide income, food, animal feed, and high quality crop residues with enhanced N2-fixation and integrate improved varieties into farming systems
  9. 9. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Objectives 3. Collect and characterize superior rhizobia strains for enhanced N2-fixation and develop inoculum production capacity in sub- Saharan Africa through collaboration with private sector partners 4. Deliver legumes, inoculant technologies and associated N2-fixation technologies to farmers throughout sub-Saharan Africa 5. Develop and strengthen capacity for N2- fixation research, technology development, and application
  10. 10. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
  11. 11. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
  12. 12. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Utilization of inputs (West Kenya) With P Without P
  13. 13. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa control +Pfert +ino +Pfert+ino
  14. 14. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa maize following maize maize following climbing beans
  15. 15. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Central-East Africa (DRC, Rwanda, W-Kenya): - Farmers planted for 2nd time West Africa (Ghana, Nigeria): - Farmers planted in June/July – harvesting Southern Africa (Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe): - 1st growing season is about to begin, lead farmers have been trained, inputs are being distributed Progress
  16. 16. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
  17. 17. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Monitoring & Evaluation • Characterization of impact zones
  18. 18. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa N2Africa Impact Zones
  19. 19. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa
  20. 20. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Monitoring & Evaluation • Characterization of impact zones • Baseline survey (400 HH in 8 countries, gender disaggregated data, some qst on decision making, control of harvests, etc) • In-depth income & nutrition – still to be done • Detailed farm characterizations
  21. 21. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Monitoring & Evaluation Participatory farmer evaluations of trials & demo‟s
  22. 22. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa • Participatory farmer evaluations of trials & demo‟s • M&E indicators & development of instruments • Developing tools for evaluating dissemination approach (adoption) Monitoring & Evaluation
  23. 23. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Gender – where does it come in? • Legumes considered to be “women‟s crops” in many places in Africa • Legumes often have direct impact on household nutrition • Opportunities to engage women in processing & marketing • Crucial importance of „gender‟ is recognized by participating organisations & donor, but….
  24. 24. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa But…. • Insufficient expertise at level of project staff • Diversity across countries  need for very context-specific strategies • Profit making processing cq marketing offers opportunities but also at risk to be taken over by men – no strategies in place (yet) to address this challenge • Late action on gender – part of the project proposal & activities, but no „action-priority‟ on gender
  25. 25. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa Assets • Framework is useful - stimulated us to look at N2Africa from a different perspective
  26. 26. Putting nitrogen fixation to work for smallholder farmers in Africa www.n2africa.org
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