Impact of kickstart treadle pumps in east africa

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Impact of kickstart treadle pumps in east africa

  1. 1. Impact of Kickstart treadle pumps in East Africa Ephraim Nkonya (IFPRI) Beatrice Salasya (KickStart International)
  2. 2. Where the KS pump owners located? Pump owners in (i) Dry areas (e.g. north-central Kenya, Tabora in TZ (ii) Humid & Sub-humid e.g. Western Kenya, North-east Tanzania Market access differ significantly in all Locations Selection will take these differences into account
  3. 3. Conceptual Framework Treadle pump purchased HH income & assets ↑ Homestead water supply ↑ Homestead water management changes Food and agriculture production ↑ Hygiene & sanitation improves ↑ Dietary diversity ↑ Food expenditures ↑ Healthcare expenditures ↑ Poor water drainage & breeding mosquitos Improved health & nutrition Worsened health
  4. 4. KickStart International Approach • Market based acquisition of treadle pumps – no subsidies or any other support to pump buyer – only one year guarantee given • Cheap pump targeted to the poor (pumps price <US$100) • Manual – treadle pumps – so cheap to operate in remote areas
  5. 5. Source of funds to purchase pumps, preliminary based on results 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Kenya Tanzania %reportingsourceoffunds Own funds Other sources
  6. 6. Ownership of pumps across gender, 2010 sales 21 4 79 96 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Kenya Tanzania %ofpumpowneracrossgender Female Male
  7. 7. Questions asked on gender • Ownership of assets • Who controls revenue from pumps & other economic activities? • Changes of sanitary & hygiene practices for men, women, children • Gender division of all economic activities • Many other gender disaggregated socio- economic data collected
  8. 8. Challenges • Children age out of the sample group in three year period, so hard to collect panel data to assess impact on individual children under 5 yrs age • Treatment (buying pumps) is not randomized since it operates through open market • Promotion of pumps done using mass media • Six year data collection is expensive and takes long time to collect

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