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  • 1. Conceptual Framework for Identifying Gendered Impacts of Agricultural Programs Ruth Meinzen-Dick INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL LIVESTOCK RESEARCH INSTITUTE
  • 2. Why have a conceptual framework?  Helps identify HOW: • Gendered asset distribution affects outcomes • Outcome of agricultural programs differs by gender • Building assets takes place in a way that is gendered  Guides attention to key processes for evaluation  Provides basis for comparison and learning across different case studies
  • 3. Each component is gendered Women’s JOINT Men’s  Women and men have separate assets, activities, consumption, etc.  Households also have some joint assets, activities, consumption, etc.  Shading of each component as a reminder that we need to consider gender—separation and jointness in each
  • 4. Context  Agroecology  Location  Institutions  Gender relations  etc.
  • 5. Mapping assets within a household •Natural •Physical •Financial •Human •Social •Political
  • 6. Livelihood Strategies  What are the livelihood options available to women and men?  What assets do those livelihoods require?  Are women (or men) precluded from good livelihoods by lack of assets?
  • 7. Shocks  What are the major shocks that affect women, men, and households?  How do women, men respond to shocks?  What role do assets play in responding to shocks?
  • 8. Institutions of Exchange  Markets (gendered participation in different types of markets)  Insurance  Social exchange  How do policies affect these?
  • 9. Incomes  Includes cash and direct consumption  What affects the income women and men earn?  What affects the control of income within the household?
  • 10. Consumption  Includes food and nonfood  How are women’s, men’s, and joint income used for different types of consumption by different family members?  What affects decisions on consumption? (Does control of assets play a role?)
  • 11. Savings/Investment  This feeds back to + or – asset accumulation  How are women’s, men’s, and joint income used for different types of investment by different family members?  What affects decisions on investment?  Are there enough mechanisms for women to build assets?
  • 12. Conceptualizing Project Interventions Context Shocks Consumption Livelihood Incomes Strategies Savings/ Institutions Assets of Exchange Investment
  • 13. Discussion Questions 1 Do you have questions or concerns about either 1. The content of the conceptual framework or 2. The overall initiative process Is anything missing, or should something be removed or changed?
  • 14. Discussion Questions 2 Discuss the possibilities and/or challenges in applying the framework in your own projects