EADD presentation at GAAP final technical workshop


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  • 980514Ac-Leadershiptraining-LME069 The usual EADD slide
  • Gender and Assets in Agricultural Projects conceptual (GAAP) framework offers a way for ‘understanding the gendered pathways through which asset accumulation occurs, including attention to not only men’s and women’s assets but also those they share in joint control and ownership’
  • BY June 2012 women constituted 29% of dairy farmers registered with the dairy producer organizations supported by EADD in Kenya, Uganda & Rwanda. representing an increase from 13.8% baseline status
  • Depending on the types of hubs promoted, women may be at risk of losing control of milk income If women unable to retain income from milk sales, milk can be diverted to other channels, jeopardizing DFBA profitability… it makes business sense to apply a gender lens at DFBA level also
  • (animal diseases, climatic shocks). Investing more resources like land and labour in dairy activities may also jeopardize household financial stability if negative shocks like human diseases occur than prevent good running of the dairy entreprise. Shocks affect differently men and women, a gender lens is required here also A lesson learnt in EADD-1- so that farmers and particularly women gain the required management skills formal and informal savings and loan program, micro insurance, education and awareness on health insurance
  • EADD presentation at GAAP final technical workshop

    1. 1. East Africa Dairy Development ProjectAddis- Ababa, 10th January 2013
    2. 2. Motivation EADD1 pilot – Factsheet  Scope  Duration: Jan 2008-Jun 2013  Budget: USD42.85 M + USD8.5M supplement (BMGF) for 1 additional year  Investment fund: USD5.0m  BMGF: USD2.5m  Heifer: USD2.5m  Partners  BMGF  HI - lead  TNS - business  ILRI – knowledge-based learning  ABS – genetics & breeding  ICRAF – feeds & feeding  Structure (120+ staff)  Country offices  Kenya  Rwanda  Uganda  Regional office
    3. 3. Motivation (cont.) EADD Vision and ObjectivesVisionTransform the lives of 179,000smallholder farming families(approximately 1 million people) bydoubling their household dairy income in10 years.Objectives•Harness information for decisions andinnovation•Expand access to markets•Increase productivity and efficiencies ofscale
    5. 5. GAAP related activitiesEADD fits into GAAP Objective 2 (Strengthening capacityto use analysis to develop and test strategies to improve project impact onwomen’s assets)1. To undertake a review of the existing data from the baseline survey, the mid- Not startedterm evaluation and project progress monitoring data and ascertain the extent towhich the sets of data can be used to analyze and track the impact of the projecton women’s assets.2. To select some of the strategies identified and implemented to increase Not started &benefits to women, and evaluate their efficiency and effectiveness in improving won’t be done inwomen’s assets EADD13. To incorporate a scope on assessing the impact of EADD 1 on gender and Early 2013agricultural assets in the final evaluation.4. To integrate gender and agricultural assets in the theory of change and the Done (Dee’sprogram design of EADD Phase 2. support in June)
    6. 6. Gender Strategy in EADD II A twofold approach•A separate and cross cutting major objective on gender to ensure that supportingoutputs and activities are included fully in the project design and budgeted for: - EADD-2 wide gender policy/strategy - Enhanced capacity of EADD staff and partners to mainstream gender•Relevant gender outputs and activities are mainstreamed in the other respectivemajor objectives
    7. 7. Proposed Gender Activities in EADD II1. Increasing access to 2. Increasing returns to 3. Reducing risksassets that women assets by increasing and vulnerabilityrequire to participate productivity and/orfully in project activities improving access toand benefit from these market (Meinzen-Dick et al., 2011
    8. 8. 1. Increasing access to assets that require womento participate fully in project activities and benefitfrom them.Type of Examples of capital Gender based constraints Possible StrategiescapitalPhysical Equipment required for dairy Sgnificantly fewer female headed households Access to loans through groups production and marketing; owned assets compared to male headed cattle households.Natural Land, water Women less likely to own exotic cattle (within Encouraging households to register different cows households and across all countries, both local under different members names and exotic cattle were mainly owned by men)Political Identity card, assertiveness in Women represent 19 and 25 % of Board Link with Department of Registration of persons to meetings, leadership position in members in Kenya and Uganda facilitate access to IDs; Enforce legal requirement of DFBA at least 1/3 women in BoardsSocial Being a member of a group, Farmers groups ability to participate in Training on assertiveness and leadership skills; collective action exchange visitsHuman Education, health Female heads of households had significantly Appropriateness of technologies promoted-e.g dual fewer years of schooling than male headed crops-fodder and food households in Kenya and Rwanda. Household approach to extension servicesFinancial DFBA shares, savings account Women constitute 30% of shareholders (June 2012) Significantly higher proportions of men than women had applied for a loan across the 3 EADD countries. EADD baseline report 6 (gender), 2009
    9. 9. 2. Increased returns to assets by increasingproductivity and/or improving access to market Participation in specific value chain is gendered.Proposed strategies:•Training • bargaining and negotiation skills, especially those participating in informal markets and carving business roles along the chain (butter in Ethiopia, youth milk transporters in Uganda)•Innovative modes of payment • mobile money technology to allow women access financial services•Broaden check off system: • includes household food stuff as a win –win strategy for the household and the DFBA: women would be encouraged to sell milk through the DFBA and be able to get more affordable food items
    10. 10. 3. Reducing risks and vulnerability EADD interventions may increase household vulnerability to shocksProposed strategies -•Introducing improved breeds gradually•Providing linkages with financial services providers
    11. 11. Lessons from EADD I
    12. 12. Recap - EADD I to EADD II EADD I Proposed for EADD IIGender analysis By product of “Know Her” - Gender analysis at various levels of the value chains the baselineAttention to limited “Design for Her” - Gender mainstreamed in all Major Objectives +gender (and 1 Objective on Gender and Youth Empowermentyouth)Partner in charge HI All partners - gender is mainstreamed in all Major ObjectivesActivities Some Embedded in other activities based on analysis of gender based constraintsMonitoring & Limited “Be accountable to Her” - Sex and age group disaggregatedEvaluation monitoring template Profile case studies to gain deeper understanding of outputs especially at HH level Evaluation- undertake thematic studies on gender and youth
    13. 13. Next steps1. To undertake a review of the existing data from the baseline survey, the mid- TBDterm evaluation and project progress monitoring data and ascertain the extent towhich the sets of data can be used to analyze and track the impact of the projecton women’s assets.2. To incorporate a scope on assessing the impact of EADD 1 on gender and Early 2013agricultural assets in the final evaluation.
    14. 14. GAAP Partner Organizations