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Brac. daily star

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  • 1. 1 Challenging The Frontiers of Poverty Reduction Targeting the Ultra Poor Rabeya Yasmin Associate Director, Ultra Poor Programs BRAC
  • 2. 2 Targeting the Ultra Poor Extreme Poverty : Bangladesh Record • Ultra Poor = 3 million Households live below food poverty line  Spend US$ 8 /person /month on food.  Non food expenditure is almost nil. Source: BBS , 2005
  • 3. 3 Targeting the Ultra Poor Extreme Poverty : Bangladesh Record • 54 % completely landless • 50% of household cannot afford two meals a day • 70% depend on irregular day labour for income source • 90% ultra poor have no fixed place for defecation • Only 3% of the ultra poor household reported ever participation in development programs Source : base line study by BRAC RED , 2002
  • 4. 4 Targeting the Ultra Poor Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction Targeting the Ultra Poor (CFPR-TUP) Objectives  Assist the ultra poor to improve their livelihoods by achieving positive economic, social and aspirational changes  Assist the ultra poor to access mainstream development services
  • 5. 5 Targeting the Ultra Poor Core programme • Enterprise Development Training • Special Investment /Asset Transfer • Stipend as short term income support • Tailor made safety support through community mobilization • Tailor made Health support Support Services • Research and Evaluation • Advocacy programs
  • 6. 6 Targeting the Ultra Poor Coverage 2002 -2011 : 400,000 HHs
  • 7. 7 Targeting Female headed households (% of targeted households) 42 Marital status of the targeted women Divorced (%) 1.31 Separated (%) 6.97 Widow (%) 28.10 Married and living with husband (%) 63.62
  • 8. 8 Livestock/poultry ownership Percentage of households own livestock/poultry 36 95 92 52 63 61 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 2002 (baseline) 2005 2008 %ofhouseholds SUP NSUP
  • 9. 9 Economic Improvements Economic Improvements 41 8 62 96 98 19 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Own productive assets Have cash savings Vulnerability to food insecurity %ofWomenreportingeconomic improvement in 2002 in 2008
  • 10. 10 Trend in average per capita income 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 2002 2005 2008 Percapitaannualincome(Tk.,2002 constantprice) Beneficiary Comparison
  • 11. 11 Self perceived food insecurity 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2002 2005 2008 %ofHHsreporting chronicfooddeficit Beneficiary Comparison
  • 12. 12 Personal & Social Improvements Awareness of Rights 5.4 12 1.5 6 20 54 56 61 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Know correct divorce law Know age of vote casting Know property division between son & daughter Know punishment for acid throwing %ofWomendemonstrating improvementinknowledge& awareness in 2002 in 2008
  • 13. 13 Per capita energy consumption (kcal/person/day) 2248 2097 1742 1876 17691773 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 2002 2004 2006 Beneficiary Comparison
  • 14. 14 Targeting the Ultra Poor Challenges • Addressing diversity • health support for the graduates • Limitations in Livestock sector • Investment