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Disaster Planning for Individuals w/ Vision Loss bostonaer regional2011
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Disaster Planning for Individuals w/ Vision Loss bostonaer regional2011


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  • 1.  
  • 2. What is the difference between Disaster Planning for Individuals with a Visually Impairment and Cognitive Disability versus Individuals without a visual impairment?
      • Little input into disaster planning
      • Emergency Preparedness information is not available in accessible formats
      • Assumptions that someone else has taken care of it.
  • 3. Professional Responsibility
    • Be prepared for disasters
    • Share this information with your agency & individuals you work for.
    • Assist individuals you work with in being prepared for any emergency
    • Participate in community’s disaster preparation planning
    • Encourage others to participate
    • Advocate on behalf of the individuals you work with.
    • Never assume plans are in place for disaster.
  • 4. Emergency Preparedness
    • Emergency preparedness means being:
      • Being prepared yourself and having your family prepared for all kinds of emergencies
      • able to respond in time of crisis to save lives and property
      • able to help a community return to normal life after a disaster.
  • 5. Emergency Preparedness
    • Is everyone’s concern!
  • 6. Why prepare?
    • The need to prepare is real.
  • 7. FEMA
    • Emergency Preparedness Pyramid
    Government State Community Citizen
  • 8. Step One: Get Informed
    • Be knowledgeable about:
      • Natural hazards
      • Man-made hazards
      • Community Hazards
      • Community Disaster Plans
      • Community Warning Systems
      • Assistance Programs for Individuals with Special Needs
  • 9. Resources:
    • 911 Indicator Form
    • ICE phone #
    • Medical Reserves Corps
    • Check Local City/Town’s plan-What is the Community Warning System?
    • Do you know your Agency’s plan?
  • 10. Step Two: Make a Plan
    • Meet with your family and review the information you gathered about community hazards and emergency plans
      • Choose an "Out-of-Town" Contact
      • Decide Where to Meet
      • Complete a Communications Plan
      • Escape Routes and Safe Places
      • Plan for Pets
  • 11. Things To Check Before a Disaster
      • Utilities
      • Fire Extinguisher
      • Smoke Alarms
      • Insurance Coverage
      • First Aid/CPR
      • Inventory Home Possessions
      • Vital Records and Documents
      • Reduce Home Hazards
  • 12. Step Three: Assemble a Kit
    • You may need to survive on your own after a disaster. This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least three days.
    • Every household should assemble a disaster supplies kit and keep it up to date.
    • A disaster supplies kit is a collection of basic items a family would probably need to stay safe and be more comfortable during and after a disaster.
    • Have emergency supplies for home, work, and vehicles.
  • 13. What to include in your disaster supplies kit
    • Water
    • Food
    • First Aid supplies
    • Non-Prescription and Prescription Medicine Kit Supplies
    • Kitchen Items
    • Equipment and Tools
    • Clothing
    • Sanitation and Hygiene Supplies
    • Documents and Keys
    • Flashlights, crank-up radio & extra batteries
    • Contact information
    • Pet supplies
    • Map
    • Comfort Items
    • Remember the special needs of your family members
  • 14. Step Four: Maintain your plan and kit
    • Review your plan
    • Conduct fire and emergency evacuation drills
    • Keep canned foods in a dry cool place
    • Keep kit in airtight portable containers
    • Change stored food and water supplies every six months
    • Write the date you store it on all containers
    • Check clothing and other supplies
    • Update your communication plan
    • Update pet plan
  • 15. If Disaster Strikes
    • stay put
    • get away
    • evacuate
  • 16. Additional Tips for Individuals with Special Needs
    • Create a Personal Support Network
    • Complete a Personal Assessment
  • 17. Tips for People with Visual Disabilities
    • Canes
    • Guide Dog Issues
    • Alternate Mobility Cues
    • Label Supplies
    • Secure Computers
    • Advocacy Issues
    • (from the American Red Cross )
  • 18. Animal Safety Pets and Disaster
    • Have a Safe Place To Take Your Pets
    • Assemble a Portable Pet Disaster Supplies Kit
    • Know What To Do As a Disaster Approaches
    • Have Neighbor as back up in a disaster
    • Keep animals secured and attended
    • Do not leave your animals behind.
    (from the Humane Society and the American Red Cross)
  • 19. Handout
    • Disaster Supplies Calendar
    • Family Communications Plan
    • 911 Disability Indicator Form
    • Suggestions for Making Community Emergency Preparedness Programs Accessible
  • 20. Resources
    • Personal Emergency Preparedness Plan: Disability Policy Consortium, Boston MA 866-745-0917 Free Booklet
    • Emergency Preparedness & People Who Are Blind:
    • Hadley School for the Blind Course:
    • An ADA Guide for Local Governments: New Emergency Preparedness Guide US Dept. of Justice :
    • NOAA Radio Information:
    • National Organization on Disability:
    • American Red Cross:
  • 21. Presenter Contact Information
    • Meg Robertson COMS Massachusetts Commission for the Blind Director, Orientation & Mobility Department
    • Boston MA
    • 617-626-7581
    • Margie Carney
    • Teacher of the Visually Impaired
    • Perkins School for the Blind
    • Watertown MA
    • [email_address]
  • 22. Emergency Preparedness Visual Disabilities Related Sites and Information:
    • Emergency Evacuation: Taking Responsibility for Your Safety: A Guide to for People with Disabilities and Other Activity Limitations. June Isaacson Kailes, from Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic,800-221-4792 GV 5200, or go to her website at
  • 23.
    • Emergency Responders and the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Community: Taking the First Steps to Disaster Preparedness. 2006 Telecommunications for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Emergency Preparedness Network CEPIN Project 301-589-3786/v -3006/TTY “Are You Ready” Fact sheets.
    • Tips for First Responders : Laminated filed guide on information on how to assist persons with disabilities. Contact Anthony Cahill at Center for Development and Disability; 505-272-2990 or [email_address]
    • Employers’ Guide to Including Employees with Disabilities in Emergency Evacuation Plans. JAN-Job Accommodation Network
    • New Emergency Preparedness Guide. An ADA Guide for Local Governments : US Dept. of Justice.
  • 24.
    • The Access Board: : Publications:
      • Access Board Emergency Evacuation Procedures
      • ADA Design Requirements for Accessible Egress
      • Resources on Evacuation Planning and Assistive Products
    • American Red Cross:
    • Be Ready Campaign:
    • Federal Emergency Management Agency:
    • Prepare:
    • American Assoc. for People w/Disabilities:
    • Disability Resources:
    • National Organization on Disability:
    • National Council on Disability:
    • The National Center on Emergency Planning for People with Disabilities:
  • 25. Pet Safety Emergency Preparedness Disability Related Sites:
    • Prepare:
    • Humane Society: www.hsus.orG
  • 26. Resources to Purchase Emergency Supply Kits
    • 911 Pack:
    • Target Stores: Target/American Red Cross First Aid Emergency Preparedness Starter Kit:
    • Solar Lanterns & Radios: Check out hardware/outdoor rec stores
    • Or try Real Goods: 800-919-2400
    • NOAA Radio information:
    • Or “Google” ‘emergency supply kits’ for other resources.
    • (No endorsement implied!)
  • 27. Evacuation Chair Resources:
    • Garaventa Accessibility: Evacu-Trac Emergency Evacuation Chair or 800-663-6556
    • Stryker: Safety Evacuate Immobile Personnel Chair:
    • 800-784-4336
  • 28. Suggestion for Making Community Emergency Preparedness Programs Accessible to Persons who are Legally Blind
    • Notification Issues:
      • TV announcements/notices are not in usually in an audio format.
      • Be sure websites are accessible to screen reader software.
      • All handouts should be in large print, at least 14 point or larger.
  • 29. Evacuation, Emergency Transportation:
    • How are folks expected to get to a shelter or evacuate without a car?
    • Will transportation be provided and will it be accessible? Is the pick up location accessible to walk to? Are there detailed walking directions?
    • Shelter/meeting areas should be accessible by Public Transportation with detailed walking directions from the bus stop and/or train/subway station. etc.
  • 30. Additional Tips
    • Develop a personal assessment of individuals you work with
      • Base plan on the lowest anticipated level of functioning
        • ADL issues
        • Getting around
        • Evacuating: What is the plan for home & day/work program?
  • 31.
        • How agency plan to communicate with the emergency personal?
        • What is the agency’s communicate plan?
        • Is there a place for back-up equipment?
  • 32. State Emergency Resources
    • Massachusetts:
    • Also try State Red Cross chapters, State Department of Public Health & Safety and or Homeland Security agencies or State FEMA agencies